© All rights reserved. From Civil Engineer & Architects © All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p18 © All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p17 © All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p19 © All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p17 (enlarged -part 1) © All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p17 (enlarged -part 2) © All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p18 (enlarged-part 1) 

Larger versions of these images are located at the foot of the page.

Basic Site Details

Name: Balmoral Castle
Town, district or village: Balmoral
City or county: Aberdeenshire
Country: Scotland
Parish:  
Status: A listed
Grid ref:
Notes: The present Balmoral, built 1853, superseded an earlier Balmoral, to which John Smith had made extensive additions in 1834-39. It stood on a different site close by and remained in use until the present castle was completed.

Alexander Clark was clerk of works in the mid-1850s with John Beaton in charge of the masonry.

Decoration of ballroom by Thomas Grieve 1857-8.

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Country House  

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 518521856Build/constructionBalmoral Castle built. Plnas for layout of grounds
Item 2 of 5December 1852 Plans drawn upDrawings then reviewed by Thomas Cubitt
Item 3 of 51902 Alterations and additionsAlterations and additions including infill of arches on south front (or possibly by Mackenzie) and raising of service sourt wallson south side. Also other work on estate.
Item 4 of 519111912 Decoration and minor alterations for George V
Item 5 of 51922  Gates

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 16James Forbes BeattieArchitectL1850s Plans for layout of grounds drawn up
Item 2 of 16James GilesArtistM1850s Plans for layout of grounds with James Forbes Beattie
Item 3 of 16J & W SmithArchitectural practiceE18521856 
Item 4 of 16William Smith IIArchitectE18521856Original castle with Prince Albert
Item 5 of 16Thomas CubittArchitectKDecember 1852 Reviewed drawings of Smith on the request of Prince Albert
Item 6 of 16(Sir) Robert Rowand AndersonArchitectA1902 Alterations and additions including infill of arches on south front (or possibly by Mackenzie). Raising of service court south side. Also other work on estate: continued by Anderson alone after dissolution of the Anderson, Simon & Crawford partnership
Item 7 of 16Alexander Hunter CrawfordArchitectA1902 Alterations and additions including infill of arches on south front (or possibly by Mackenzie). Raising service court on south side. Also other work on estate.
Item 8 of 16Anderson Simon & CrawfordArchitectural practiceA1902 Alterations and additions including infill of arches on south front (or possibly by Mackenzie). Raising service court on south side. Also other work on estate.
Item 9 of 16Frank Lewis Worthington SimonArchitectA1902 Alterations and additions including infill of arches on south front (or possibly by Mackenzie). Raising service court on south side. Also other work on estate.
Item 10 of 16A Marshall Mackenzie & SonArchitectural practiceB19111912Decoration and minor alterations
Item 11 of 16Alexander George Robertson MackenzieArchitectB19111912Decoration and minor alterations
Item 12 of 16Alexander Marshall MackenzieArchitectB19111912Decoration and minor alterations
Item 13 of 16(Colonel) Herbert Morgan SmailArchitectC1922 Gates
Item 14 of 16Godfrey Daniel Bower ShepherdArchitectCD1922 Gates, also garden work (no date)
Item 15 of 16John Donald MillsArchitectCD1922 Gates, also garden work (no date)
Item 16 of 16Mills & ShepherdArchitectural practiceCD1922 Gates, also garden work (no date)

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 2King George V1911-1912 work
Item 2 of 2Prince AlbertOriginal castle of 1853

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 1Balmoral Castle, Dairy and Dairy Cottages 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Sharples, J, Walker, D W and Woodworth, M2015The Buildings of Scotland: Aberdeenshire South and Aberdeen London and New Haven: Yale University Presspp351 353, 355, 358-9

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Civil Engineer and Architects' JournalXVIII1855/11 page 402.
Item 2 of 2RIBA Journal30 July 1921 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 4Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register51460 
Item 2 of 4National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSDrawings Collection 1922 gates
Item 3 of 4RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers AGR Mackenzie: F v21 no 1496
Item 4 of 4Windsor CastleThe Royal Archives PP/Blamoral/117, 151, 159, 213-215, 246, 721; RA Vic/y 101/40

Images

© All rights reserved. From Civil Engineer & Architects 

© All rights reserved. From Civil Engineer & Architects' Journal, XVIII, November 1855, p402

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p18 

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p18

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p17 

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p17

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p19 

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p19

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p17 (enlarged -part 1) 

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p17 (enlarged -part 1)

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p17 (enlarged -part 2) 

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p17 (enlarged -part 2)

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p18 (enlarged-part 1) 

© All rights reserved. The Builder, XIII, 13, January 1855, p18 (enlarged-part 1)