Basic Site Details

Name: Cullen House and estate buildings
Town, district or village: Cullen
City or county: Banffshire
Country: Scotland
Grid ref:

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 2Country House  
Item 2 of 2Bridge  


The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 121709 Plans drawn upDesigns - not executed
Item 2 of 121743 Build/constructionBridge over ravine adjoining house.
Item 3 of 1217671769AdditionMinor works
Item 4 of 1217771778Alterations and additionsInternal alterations including large bow window on south front for 4th Earl's drawing room
Item 5 of 12c. 1780 Plans drawn upNot executed
Item 6 of 121788 Plans drawn upPlans drawn up for remodelling in the Saxon style. Designed walled garden.
Item 7 of 121789 Build/constructionSmall part of Thomas White's landscape design created
Item 8 of 1218581861 Additions and restoration by Bryce
Item 9 of 121913  Restoration
Item 10 of 121964 Alterations and additionsAlterations - Consultancy
Item 11 of 1219821985Alteration/conversionConversion into 14 individual houses
Item 12 of 1219851986RestorationRestoration of gates


Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 16Alexander McGillArchitectF1709 Designs - in McGill's hand and endorsed 'Messrs Smith & McGill's 3rd design of Cullen House'.
Item 2 of 16James SmithArchitect, EngineerG1709 Designs - in McGill's hand and endorsed 'Mrs Smith & McGill's 3rd design of Cullen house'
Item 3 of 16William AdamArchitectB1743 Bridge over ravine adjoining house.
Item 4 of 16James AdamArchitectC17671769Minor works including broad staircase - in conjunction with brother John. Also Ionic entrance gateway design on his own.
Item 5 of 16John AdamArchitectC17671769Minor works including broad staircase. In conjunction with brother James.
Item 6 of 16John BaxterArchitectE17771778Internal alterations including large bow window on south front for 4th Earl's drawing room
Item 7 of 16Robert AdamArchitectGc. 1780 Was commissioned to produce designs for new house - not executed
Item 8 of 16James PlayfairArchitectK1788 Plans drawn up for remodelling 'in the Saxon style' (not executed) but walled garden designed by Playfair.
Item 9 of 16Thomas White M1789 Landscape design - only a small part executed.
Item 10 of 16David BryceArchitect 18581861Additions and restoration
Item 11 of 16(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitectA1913 Restoration
Item 12 of 16James GrieveArchitect, Clerk of WorksA1913 Restoration - as clerk of works
Item 13 of 16Antony Curtiss Wolffe D1964 Alterations - Consultancy
Item 14 of 16Kit Martin J19821985Restoration and division into flats
Item 15 of 16Douglas ForrestArchitectK19821985Kit Martin acquired the house in 1982 and with Douglas Forrest converted it into 14 individual houses.
Item 16 of 16Douglas ForrestArchitectL19851986Restoration of gates


The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
Item 1 of 5Reidhaven, LordClient for 1960s work
Item 2 of 5Seafield, 2nd Earl ofClient for William Adam work
Item 3 of 5Seafield, 3rd Earl ofClient for John and James Adam work
Item 4 of 5Seafield, 4th Earl ofClient for John Baxter work and for unexecuted design by Robert Adam
Item 5 of 5Seafield, 7th Earl of 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
Item 1 of 6Colvin, Howard2008A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 London: YUP. 4th edition 
Item 2 of 6Forman, Sheila1954CullenJune 1954Scotland's Magazine, June 1954 
Item 3 of 6Groome, Francis H Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland (1882-85) Edinburgh, London & Glasgow: Thomas C Jack, Grange Publishing Works 
Item 4 of 6RSA1859   697
Item 5 of 6RSA1860   614
Item 6 of 6Walker, David W and Woodworth, Matthew2015The Buildings of Scotland: Aberdeenshire North and Moray Yale University Presspp447, 448, 522-523, 525, 526-7

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Builder27 May 1876XXXIV Obituary of David Bryce
Item 2 of 3Country Life15 September 1906   
Item 3 of 3Country Life23 January 1948   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 9Dumfries ArchivesAntony Curtiss Wolffe drawings (handlist in RCAHMS) File 1964, no 14/64
Item 2 of 9Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register2219 
Item 3 of 9Information by emailResearch and biography by Louise Boreham and Neil Brown Sent October 2007
Item 4 of 9National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Gifts and depositsGD 248 /1341-44Accounts and Estate Books, Seafield Papers, , GD 248/1589; GD 248/982/1 (the latter references to designs by James in letters from John Adam to Lord Seafield.
Item 5 of 9National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Gifts and depositsGD 248/800/4John Baxter work
Item 6 of 9National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Register House Plans Incomplete set of working drawings, RHP 12891-12911
Item 7 of 9National Archives of Scotland (formerly SRO)Register House PlansRHP 2541 
Item 8 of 9National Library of ScotlandManuscript CollectionMS 14551, f.89letter from Adam to Lord Tweeddale, 4 June 1743
Item 9 of 9National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNMRS Library Perspective of remodelled wing