Basic Site Details

Name: Blair Castle
Town, district or village: Blair Atholl
City or county: Perthshire
Country: Scotland
Parish: Blair Atholl
Status: A Listed
Grid ref:
Notes:  

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Castle  

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 211736 Plans drawn upPlans for enlargement drawn up but not executed.
Item 2 of 211742 Plans drawn upPlans for coach-house and stable
Item 3 of 2117431744Build/constructionStable block
Item 4 of 211746 Plans drawn upPlans for addition of single storey entrance lobby. Not executed.
Item 5 of 2117471758Alterations and additionsAlterations to exterior of castle (destroyed by Bryce additions). Not responsible for interior.
Item 6 of 211749 Build/constructionCompletion of work begun by Roger Morris
Item 7 of 21Before 1774 Alterations and additionsVarious subsidiary buildings - lodges and greenhouses etc
Item 8 of 211865  Bryce's involvement began
Item 9 of 21March 1868  Bryce's gate piers and lodge
Item 10 of 2118701872 Restoration, new entrance tower
Item 11 of 21March 1876  Plans for new ballroom
Item 12 of 211880  Alterations - kitchen, new chimney
Item 13 of 2118851886 Addition to centre of south wing
Item 14 of 2121 February 1885  Additions and alterations including new ballroom wing and new bedroom - drawings dated
Item 15 of 21April 1903  Drawings for alterations dated
Item 16 of 2119041905 Roofing of well house court and charter room
Item 17 of 211905  Addition to south wing
Item 18 of 2119071908 Proposed addition to library
Item 19 of 211908  New porch to wing; armoury
Item 20 of 211920  Alterations and proposed memorial to Scots Guards; garden work
Item 21 of 211998 Alterations and additionsAlterations to S wing, E side

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 32Archibald ElliotArchitectC  Office wing and kitchen tower - date unknown
Item 2 of 32John NotmanClerk of WorksC  Office wing and kitchen tower (for Archibald Elliot) - date unknown
Item 3 of 32John DouglasArchitectS1736 Designs for remodelling Blair Castle. Not executed
Item 4 of 32Roger MorrisArchitectZ1742 Drew up plans for coach-house and stable
Item 5 of 32James WinterArchitect, MasonL17431744New stable block
Item 6 of 32John DouglasArchitectT1746 Plans for addition of entrance lobby drawn up - not executed.
Item 7 of 32James WinterArchitect, MasonM17471758Alterations to exterior of castle (destroyed by Bryce additions). Not responsible for interior.
Item 8 of 32Charles RossArchitectY1749 May have completed work begun by Roger Morris, after his death.
Item 9 of 32George SteuartArchitectXAfter 1774 Various subsidiary buildings - lodges and greenhouses etc
Item 10 of 32David BryceArchitect 18651876Additions and alterations
Item 11 of 32D & J BryceArchitectural practiceG18761877Ballroom and addition to S end of S wing
Item 12 of 32John Bryce II (or John Bryce (junior))ArchitectG18761877Ballroom and addition to S end of S wing
Item 13 of 32James Campbell WalkerArchitectF1880 Alterations - kitchen, new chimney
Item 14 of 32James Campbell WalkerArchitectI18851886Addition to centre of south wing
Item 15 of 32James Campbell WalkerArchitectJ1885 Additions and alterations including new ballroom wing and new bedroom
Item 16 of 32James Macintyre HenryArchitectE1903 Alterations
Item 17 of 32James Macintyre HenryArchitectG19041905Roofing of well house court and charter room
Item 18 of 32James Macintyre HenryArchitectH1905 Addition to south wing
Item 19 of 32Henry & MaclennanArchitectural practiceD19071908Proposed addition to library
Item 20 of 32James Macintyre HenryArchitectD19071908Proposed addition to library
Item 21 of 32Thomas Forbes MaclennanArchitectD19071908Proposed addition to library
Item 22 of 32Henry & MaclennanArchitectural practiceA1908 New porch to wing; armoury
Item 23 of 32James Macintyre HenryArchitectA1908 New porch to wing; armoury
Item 24 of 32Thomas Forbes MaclennanArchitectA1908 New porch to wing; armoury
Item 25 of 32(Sir) Robert Stodart LorimerArchitect 1920 Alterations and proposed memorial to Scots Guards
Item 26 of 32(Colonel) Herbert Morgan SmailArchitectB1920 Garden work
Item 27 of 32Godfrey Daniel Bower ShepherdArchitectB1920 Garden work
Item 28 of 32John Donald MillsArchitectB1920 Garden work
Item 29 of 32Mills & ShepherdArchitectural practiceB1920 Garden work
Item 30 of 32Hugh BroughtonArchitectK1990s Alterations to S wing, E side
Item 31 of 32Jamie TroughtonArchitectK1990s Alterations to S wing, E side. Also the North end which received a RIBA award.
Item 32 of 32Jamie Troughton & Hugh BroughtonArchitectural practiceK1990s Alterations to S wing, E side

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 3Atholl, 4th Duke ofClient for George Steuart work
Item 2 of 3Atholl, 7th Duke of 
Item 3 of 3Atholl, 8th Duke of1920 alterations, garden work

Related Buildings, Structures and Designs

Child Structures

This structure or site has the following component or child structures (click on an item to view details):
 Building NameNotes
Item 1 of 1Blair Castle, Coach-house and stable 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 5Atholl, (John), 7th Duke of1908The Chronicles of Atholl and Tullibardine Privately published 
Item 2 of 5Colvin, Howard2008A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 London: YUP. 4th edition 
Item 3 of 5Gifford, John2007The Buildings of Scotland: Perth and Kinross Yale University Presspp213-215
Item 4 of 5Oswald, Arthur Blair Castle, Perthshire I, II, IICVI 1362, 1434, 1506Country Life CVI 1362, 1434, 1506 
Item 5 of 5RSA1870   259

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Architectural Heritage2001XII Article by Holly Kinnear.
Item 2 of 2Builder27 May 1876XXXIV Obituary of David Bryce

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 8Blair Castle ArchivesEstate Account Books  
Item 2 of 8Blair Castle ArchivesLetter books of John Robertson, Factor  
Item 3 of 8Charter Room, Blair Castle ArchivesDrawings and Manuscripts Collection Ballroom wing and additions, library addition, bedroom kitchen etc and others. Roger Morris drawings. Charles Ross additions D.2.13 (38)

Also drawings by George Steuart for subsidary buildings.

Set of drawings marked 'By Mr Winter 1743' for remodelling the castle.
Item 4 of 8Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register6074 
Item 5 of 8Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register6064Front Lodge (also A Listed)
Item 6 of 8National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSLorimer and Matthew Collection LOR B/13
Item 7 of 8National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNMRS Photographic Archive PTD 127/73
Item 8 of 8National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNotman Collection Drawings Roll 13 c (Drawings by Elliot and Notman), 56b (plan of ground and first floors of wing)