Basic Site Details

Name: Birkwood House
Town, district or village: Lesmahagow
City or county: Lanarkshire
Country: Scotland
Parish: Lesmahagow
Status: B Listed
Grid ref:
Notes: Richardson attributes the 1923 conversion of the house to an institution for juvenile mentally disabled patients to Alexander Cullen, but James N Gilmore claims it for his own in his LRIBA nomination paper, so it seems unlikely that Cullen was involved

Alternative Names

The following alternative names are associated with this building/design:
 NameCurrent name?Notes
Item 1 of 3Birkwood Castle alternative original name
Item 2 of 3Birkwood Certified Institution after conversion by James N Gilmore
Item 3 of 3Birkwood HospitalYes 

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Country House  

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 51858  Major additions
Item 2 of 51890  Alterations and addition of new wing
Item 3 of 51923  Bought by Lanarkshire County Council for 10,000 for conversion into institution for juvenile mentally handicapped patients
Item 4 of 51926  New blocks, including school
Item 5 of 51929  New ward block for low-grade patients

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 8John Baird 'Primus' (John Baird I)Architect 1858 Major additions
Item 2 of 8Baird & ThomsonArchitectural practiceB1890 Alterations and addition of new wing
Item 3 of 8James ThomsonArchitectB1890 Alterations and addition of new wing
Item 4 of 8Orphoot, Whiting & BryceArchitectural practiceCAfter 1922Before 1931Alterations and/or additions - Bryce responsible
Item 5 of 8William Theodore Percival BryceArchitectCAfter 1922Before 1931Alterations and/or additions
Item 6 of 8Alexander Cullen (junior)Architect 1923 May have been involved in conversion to institution for juvenile mentally disabled patients
Item 7 of 8James Nisbet GilmoreArchitectD1923 Conversion to institution for juvenile mentally disabled patients
Item 8 of 8James Nisbet GilmoreArchitectE1929 New ward block for low-grade patients

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 4Lanarkshire District Board of ControlFor conversion into hospital for juvenile mentally handicapped patients
Item 2 of 4Lanarkshire Mental Hospitals Joint CommitteeFor additions after conversion into hospital
Item 3 of 4McKirdy, C CFor 1890 work
Item 4 of 4McKirdy, J G 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Greenshields, J B1864Annals of the Parish of Lesmahagow  plate, p101
Item 2 of 3MacLehose, James1886Memoirs and portraits of one hundred Glasgow Men who have died during the last thirty years  Glasgow: James MacLehose & SonsVolume 1, p23
Item 3 of 3Richardson, HarrietN.D.Scottish Hospitals Survey Unpublished typescript (copy in DMW Archive)Listed as Birkwood Hospital; 1923 conversion attributed to Alex Cullen

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2The Bailie18 June 1890   
Item 2 of 2The Bailie20 January 1897   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 3Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register7698 
Item 2 of 3National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNMRS Manuscripts  
Item 3 of 3RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers William Theodore Percival Bryce: F no2980 (box 15); James N Gilmore: L no3513 (box 12)