Basic Site Details

Name: Gleneagles Hotel
Town, district or village: Gleneagles
City or county: Perthshire
Country: Scotland
Parish: Blackford
Status: B listed
Grid ref:
Notes: The hotel had been begun in 1913 by James Miller, who won the limited competition, but construction was halted after the outbreak of war. When building resumed in 1920 or 1923, Miller was replaced by Matthew Adam of the Caledonian Railway Engineers' Department (Divisional architect for the London Midland and Scottish Railway from 1924) after the Caledonian Railway took over the original partly-owned subsidiary company promoted by Donald Matheson in 1909. See Oliver Carter, British Railway Hotels 1838-1983, 1990.

Stuart Gray states that Matthew Adam completed Gleneagles and its staff houses from sketch plans provided by Miller, and gives the date of recommencement as 1920. Since it was partially opened in 1924, 1920 seems closer than 1923 or 1924 as the building stood without a roof during World War I and was not complete to the wallhead in places.

In April 1925 the Builder provided the following description of the newly opened hotel:

This hotel, which belongs to and is managed by the London Midland and Scottish Railway Company, is Georgian in style, and the decoration, finishing and furnishing is of the later period of the eighteenth century. The ground floor of the building contains all the public rooms as well as the kitchen offices, service, stores, boiler house, workshops, etc., special features being the sun lounge and the ballroom 70 feet by 40 feet, the floor of which is fitted with Morton’s patent “Valtor” sprung dancing floor.

The first second and third floors contain 18 private sitting rooms, 216 bedrooms, 100 bathrooms, service rooms, etc., and provide accommodation for 300 guests, the plan being so arranged that private suites of rooms are provided. A swimming pool, with dressing rooms and spray and shower baths adjoining, is an interesting innovation; and behind the main building there is a garage having accommodation for about 100 cars, including 30 lock-up compartments, and a repair shop. The materials used for the exterior of the building were, for the main entrance doorway, semi-circular sun lounge oriel windows and other architectural features, blaxter stone; while the walls generally are of brick, rough-casted, and the floors throughout are of reinforced concrete. The interior of the reception hall and reception offices are finished in oak panelling, 12 feet high, with a richly decorated ceiling in plaster, and the cloak-room corridor has an oak panelled dado, with plaster panelled walls above. The public rooms, corridors, private sitting rooms and bedrooms are warmed by central heating on the low pressure steam heating system, while all the bedrooms have lavatory basins with hot and cold water supply. The building throughout is lit by electricity.

The contractors were as follows: Mason brickwork and steelwork, P & W Anderson Limited, London and Glasgow; joinrt, John Cochrane, Glasgow; plaster-work, George Rome and Son Limited, Glasgow; plumbing, William Anderson Limited, Glasgow, Hugh Twaddle and Son, Glasgow, Speirs and Sons Glasgow; rough-casting, P White and Company, Glasgow; slating W & D Mailer, Glasgow; painting south block, Guthrie and Wells, Glasgow; painting east wing, Bowie Fisher & Company, Glasgow; painting west wing, George Sellars and Sons, Glasgow; marble and tile work , Robert Brown & Son, Paisley and Allen & Son, Edinburgh; heating installation, Ashwell and Nesbit Limited, Glasgow; hot water supply, James Combe & Son Ltd, Glasgow; kitchen equipment Carron Company, Falkirk; grates, Carron Company, Falkirk.

Decoration of several of the public rooms and private sitting rooms was carried out by Mr Charles W Swanson, Edinburgh. Mr Matthew Adam LicRIBA, Glasgow was the architect.
[Builder 3 April 1925 p524]

Building Type Classification

The building is classified under the following categories:
 ClassificationOriginal classification?Notes
Item 1 of 1Hotel  

Events

The following date-based events are associated with this building:
 FromToEvent typeNotes
Item 1 of 719131923 Original building by James Miller
Item 2 of 71913  Limited competition: James Miller won
Item 3 of 71920 or 19241925 Work by Matthew Adam - partial redesign and completion of Miller's hotel
Item 4 of 723 June 1924 Opened 
Item 5 of 71940  Conversion to emergency hospital
Item 6 of 71968 Additionadditional rooms built at est. cost £20,000
Item 7 of 71980s(?) ReconstructionMaster suites refurbished

People

Design and Construction

The following individuals or organisations have carried out design/construction work. Where architects or practices worked together, matching letters appear beside their names in the Partnership Group column.
 NameRolePartnership GroupFromToNotes
Item 1 of 11James MillerArchitectA19131923 
Item 2 of 11Matthew AdamArchitectB19221924Took over job from Miller - partial redesign and completion of Miller's hotel
Item 3 of 11Caledonian Railway Company Architect's and Engineer's DepartmentArchitectural practiceB1923  
Item 4 of 11London Midland and Scottish Railway Company B19231925 
Item 5 of 11William Johnstone MilwainArchitectB?19231925Possibly involved
Item 6 of 11Robert Davidson GoodfellowArchitectBMay 19231924As assistant to Matthew Adam in the Caledonian Railway Company Architect's & Engineer's Department (later London Midland & Scottish Railway)
Item 7 of 11George James MillerArchitectC1940 Conversion to emergency hospital
Item 8 of 11James Carruthers WalkerArchitectC1940 Conversion to emergency hospital
Item 9 of 11James MillerArchitectC1940 Conversion to emergency hospital
Item 10 of 11James Miller & SonArchitectural practiceC1940 Conversion to emergency hospital
Item 11 of 11John Robertson NotmanArchitectE1980s Master suites refurbished

Clients

The following individuals or organisations have commissioned work on this building/design:
 NameNotes
Item 1 of 1London Midland and Scottish Railwayby 1925

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this building:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Carter, Oliver1990An illustrated History of British Railway Hotels, 1838-1983 Silver Link, St Michael's Lanes 
Item 2 of 3Gifford, John2007The Buildings of Scotland: Perth and Kinross Yale University Pressp396-7
Item 3 of 3Gray, A Stuart1985Edwardian Architecture: A Biographical Dictionary   

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this building:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Builder3 April 1925CXXVIII pp 524-7 (plans, ills). p525- plans, pp526-527 internal photographs, un-numbered plate
Item 2 of 3Builder12 December 1947   
Item 3 of 3Building9 February 1968  p145

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this building:
 SourceArchive nameSource catalogue no.Notes
Item 1 of 3DMW ArchiveJames Miller Typed List of Works by Audrey Sloan  
Item 2 of 3Historic Environment ScotlandListed Buildings Register4570 
Item 3 of 3RIAS Collection, NMRS, RCAHMSJames Miller, Son & Manson Drawings Collection Conversion to emergency hospital appears on drawings list