Basic Biographical Details

Name: Lionel Francis Crane
Designation: Architect
Born: May 1876
Died: November 1943
Bio Notes: Lionel Francis Crane was born in London in May 1876, the son of the artist-educator Commendatore Walter Crane and his wife Mary Francis Andrews. Together with his sister Beatrice and his brother Lancelot he was educated privately, probably because the Cranes travelled extensively, an extended visit to the USA being made in 1891. At the end of that visit in 1892 he was articled to Reginald Blomfield, followed by periods as an improver with Ernest George and Andrew Noble Prentice and attendance at the Royal Academy Schools in 1897 -1900. During these years he travelled in Italy, Austria, Germany and France.

Crane commenced independent practice in 1900 and either then or shortly thereafter he entered into a little-known partnership with Detmar Blow which had closed by 1905 when Blow formed a partnership with the Ecole des Beaux Arts trained Fernand Billerey, Crane subsequently (prior to 1913) entering into partnership with the much younger William S Willan.

He was admitted LRIBA on 30 January 1911, his propsers being Martin Shaw Briggs, Horace Cowley Nesham Farquharson and Andrew Noble Prentice.

In 1913 Crane married the painter Frederick Sandysís youngest daughter Gertrude. She died in 1920, Crane then marrying her elder sister.

Crane died in November 1943.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 319, Church Street, Chelsea, London, EnglandPrivate   
Item 2 of 313, Holland Street, Kensington, London, EnglandPrivate18981911House of his parents.
Item 3 of 314, North Audley Street, London, EnglandPrivate1911  

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3(Sir) Reginald Theodore Blomfield1892 Apprentice 
Item 2 of 3Andrew Noble PrenticeAfter 1897 Improver 
Item 3 of 3Ernest Georgec. 1897 Improver 


RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 3Martin Shaw Briggs30 January 1911For Liceniateship
Item 2 of 3Horace Cowley Nesham Farquharson30 January 1911For Liceniateship
Item 3 of 3Andrew Noble Prentice30 January 1911For Liceniateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 1After 1901Cottages for the British Aluminium CompanyFoyers Inverness-shireScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 2British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914   
Item 2 of 2Spencer, Isobel1975Walter Crane