Basic Biographical Details

Name: Tobias Bachop, Bauchop or Baak
Designation: Mason
Died: 26 April 1710
Bio Notes: Tobias Bachop, Bauchop or Baak whose birth date is not known (although an individual by the name of Tobias Bachop was baptised in 1673 or 1674 which means either he was baptised as an adult or this is the wrong baptismal record) was probably the son of Bachup [sic in Colvin] of Alloa and apprenticed to his father. They were members of the prominent family of masons who worked in the area of Alloa in the late 17th and early 18th centuries.

The first reference to the younger Bachop is in 1680 when he was involved with repairs on Alloa Church. This and other work of the early 1680s is traditional in style. However in the late 1680s he came into contact with Sir William Bruce who employed him on Kinross House and subsequently on a number of his commissions. In Bruce’s estimation he was clearly an excellent craftsman and he recommended him to the 3rd Duke of Hamilton when the latter was about to embark on the building of Hamilton Palace. However Bachop did not secure this job which went to James Smith.

Bachop was involved in building projects over a large area of Scotland between Dumfriesshire in the south, Greenock in the west and Perthshire in the north. In 1690 he worked in his home town while in 1705 he was working on the town hall and steeple in Dumfries. After John Moffat of Liverpool, who supplied the designs, declined to execute them, Bachop was summoned as he was ‘said to be of good skill’. In connection with this building he is described as ‘architect’ and as ‘architect and builder of the steeple and council house’.

Bachop died on 26 April 1710. The house which he built for himself bears the date 1695 and the initials of himself and his wife Margaret Lapsley. It stands in Kirkgate, Alloa. It is symmetrical and has classical detailing. It shows an understanding of the new classical style promulgated by Bruce.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this mason:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 1Alloa, Clackmannanshire, ScotlandPrivate/business   

Buildings and Designs

This mason was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 181680Alloa ChurchAlloa ClackmannanshireScotlandRepairs
Item 2 of 181684Logie ChurchLogie StirlingshireScotlandWas contracted to 'conforme to an draught drawn by the said Tobias himself'.
Item 3 of 181686Kinross House and Home Farm  Kinross-shireScotland 
Item 4 of 181687Argaty HouseDoune PerthshireScotlandAlterations?
Item 5 of 181689Stirling CastleStirling StirlingshireScotlandThree gun battery
Item 6 of 181689Stirling Castle, Palace of James VStirling StirlingshireScotlandAlterations
Item 7 of 181690sPanmure House and ancillary estate buildingsCarnoustie AngusScotlandAlterations
Item 8 of 18c. 1690Old CrossAlloa ClackmannanshireScotlandBuilt and probably designed the cross.
Item 9 of 181692Hamilton PalaceHamilton LanarkshireScotlandWas recommended to the 3rd Duke of Hamilton but James Smith was given the job.
Item 10 of 181696Cortachy CastleKirriemuir AngusScotlandAlterations
Item 11 of 181697Kinloch HouseMeigle PerthshireScotlandEnlargement of house.
Item 12 of 181698Hopetoun HouseAbercorn West LothianScotland 
Item 13 of 18c. 1698Church of the Holy Rude, Graveyard, Monument to Provost J McCullochStirling StirlingshireScotland 
Item 14 of 181699CraigiehallCramond EdinburghScotland 
Item 15 of 181702Mansion for Sir John ShawGreenock RenfrewshireScotlandDrew up plan with intention of rebuilding the house, but Bachop died before this could be executed.
Item 16 of 181703Mertoun HouseMertoun BerwickshireScotland 
Item 17 of 181705Town Hall and SteepleDumfries DumfriesshireScotlandJohn Moffat of Liverpool had supplied 'a modall' but declined to execute it. The committee therefore 'resolved to send for one Tobias Bachup, a master builder now at Abercorn...who is said to be of good skill'. He is referred to as 'our architect' and as 'architect and builder of the steeple and council house'. He also claimed to have spent six week making drawings and moulds for the building. Hiowever the building was actually executed to John Moffat's designs which were based on the steeple of the College of Glasgow.
Item 18 of 181708Duke of Montrose's House  GlasgowScotlandGave advice to the Duke


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this mason:
Item 1 of 4Colvin, Howard2008A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects 1600-1840 London: YUP. 4th edition 
Item 2 of 4Crawfurd, J1874Memorials of the Parish of Alloa   
Item 3 of 4MacGibbon and Ross Castellated and Domestic Architecture of Scotland  volume v, pp127-8
Item 4 of 4Scottish History Society1893Masterton Papers  p483