John Baxter was born about 1700-1710, probably in Edinburgh. He was a successful and highly esteemed master mason. An important patron was Sir John Clerk of Penicuik and through his influence Baxter built a number of large country houses in Scotland in the 1730s and 1740s. He was a fine draughtsman and he understood the plain Palladian style which was preferred by Sir John Clerk.
Mavisbank House was his earliest recorded contract which he began in 1723 ‘according to a design concocted between me [Clerk] and Mr [William] Adams’. Haddo House followed in 1732-5 again designed by William Adam and under Clerk’s direction and built by Baxter. A series of significant commissions followed in Renfrewshire, Wigtownshire and the Lothians.
By 1769 Baxter was in poor health and had more or less retired. His son, also John Baxter, wrote that his father ‘has given up business to me, ever since my return from Italy’. The date of his death is not certain but it must have been about 1770.
Buildings and Designs
This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):