© All rights reserved. Courtesy of Miss Anne Duff, sent November 2016 

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Basic Biographical Details

Name: (Miss) Anne Duff
Designation: Architect
Born: 2 May 1931
Bio Notes: Anne B Duff was born in Burnside, Glasgow on 2 May 1931, the daughter of Walter Duff, mechanic and garage manager and his wife Anne Bella Milne who was a nanny and milliner before her marriage. She was educated at Burnside Primary School (1936-40) and Rutherglen Academy (1940-48). In the latter year she enrolled at Glasgow School of Architecture and was awarded the diploma in architecture in 1954. During the vacations she gained office experience with T Harold Hughes and D S R Waugh where she worked on technical laboratories and universities. After graduation between 1955 and 1956 she had a post with Fairbrother Hall & Hedges in Edinburgh, moving in the latter year to Cairns & Ford. She was largely working on schools in both these practices. She was elected ARIBA in 1956 (and ARIAS in 1977).

In 1957 she moved to Cleveland, Ohio to a post with the practice Robert A Little & George F Dalton & Associates where she worked on private houses, housing layouts, schools, churches and student housing. As the office expanded it undertook larger projects and much of her time was spent on the design and detailing of hospital buildings. She undertook planning studies leading to working and equipment drawings for a suite of operating and emergency rooms as well as a research perinatal unit involving the use of electronic equipment and monitoring devices, all at Cleveland Memorial Hospital.

She and remained with the practice until 1966 when she took a position with William A Gould & Associates, a firm of city planners, also in Ohio. She had the opportunity to work on long range planning projects, involving site planning, lighting and traffic layouts and model making. She worked on a 5-level parking garage with plaza and other buildings above and a university research centre as well as commercial offices. William A Gould & Associates employed individuals with related skills such as economists and sociologists who formed part of the team. One project of note was a search for a site to locate a multi-storey centre for the use of small businesses which shared facilities and economic ties within the commercial area of Cleveland. She also worked on population statistics for the State of Ohio for use in planning.

Anne Duff entered a number of competitions during her career: the University of California Arts Center, Los Angeles (1965), the St Louis Mall, St Louis, Missouri (1967) and later (1973) a River Clyde Study and Ideas competition.

However she returned to Scotland in 1968 and the following year began working for Cumbernauld New Town Development Corporation as Assistant Principal Architect in charge of the Abronhill area of the town. She headed a team with six assistants. Her job as co-ordinator also involved all stages in the design process including project administration and site supervision, programming using critical path method and bar charts. As well as a number of neighbourhood shops she designed the nursery school. In consultation with the Planning Department she developed the road layout and housing concept for the town extension, worked out for the first area of housing, Westfield, and formed the basis for further areas. She remained in Cumbernauld until 1972.

From 1973 until 1974 she was self-employed undertaking a project which involved the ownership of buildings and the co-ownership of land on a communal basis for a group of elderly people. She designed and built five private houses.

In 1975 with the discovery of North Sea oil, Aberdeen commenced a large building programme and she joined the practice A McInnes Gardner & Partners as partner in charge of the Aberdeen office. The main client was Shell UK Expro Ltd. She undertook the design of various buildings for Shell and supervised the construction of an additional office building.

From 1979 until 1999 she again was self-employed with summer assistance from a student. She concentrated on ‘Design and Management’ of small scale projects with an emphasis on interior space design. In her practice she stressed the need for close liaison between the building trade and designers. She undertook numerous extension to private houses (more than 30), interior design work and refurbishment and extensions to workshop premises.

Anne Duff has a range to teaching experience. She volunteered from 1987-88 in the programme ‘Architects in Schools’ win which architects worked with teachers in local schools a project run jointly by the Aberdeen Society of Architects and Aberdeen City Education Department (with the cooperation of the Aberdeen Chapter of the RIAS, the Aberdeen Environmental Education Centre, the Scott Sutherland School of Architecture and Scottish Enterprise). From 1991-2000 she was a part-time studio tutor at the Scott Sutherland School of Architecture, Robert Gordon’s university, teaching 1st and 2nd year BSc architecture and interior architecture courses. For ten years from 1988 to 1998 she managed the RIAS CPD programme in Aberdeen. She instigated a Music of Form course which studied the influence of the architectural orders and music and in particular the study of colour in design. From 2001-2003 she also ran further education courses on the appreciation of architecture at Cults Community Centre and Culter Library. She formed ‘The Architecture Club’ to foster an interest in buildings.

In a voluntary capacity Anne Duff was involved with the Young Enterprise Scheme, with Grampian Enterprise from 187-88, with Zonta from 1985 and with Culter and District Community Association from 1981-1993. She served as Education Convenor with the Aberdeen Society of Architects from 1997-2002 and was instigator and member of a management group which ran the ‘Designing for the Future’ programme for children in primary schools with Grampian Enterprise and the Aberdeen Society of Architects from 1995-1999. She was also served on the Aberdeen Doors Open Day Committee and initiated a drawing competition for children.

Outwith her profession Anne Duff is interested in veteran cars, architectural photography, music, drama, golf and hillwalking. She enjoys travel and has travelled widely in the United States and Europe.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 1069, St Ronan's Drive, Burnside, Rutherglen, Lanarkshire, ScotlandPrivate1931 *1955 
Item 2 of 10Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate19551957 
Item 3 of 10Cleveland, Ohio, United States of AmericaPrivate19571968 
Item 4 of 105380, Highland Road, Highland Heights, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of AmericaPrivatec. 1960  
Item 5 of 10138, McGregor Road, Cumbernauld, Lanarkshire, ScotlandPrivate19691975 
Item 6 of 103, Irvine Place, Aberdeen, ScotlandPrivate19751979 
Item 7 of 103, Irvine Place, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusiness19791981 
Item 8 of 10293, North Deeside Road, Peterculter, Aberdeenshire, ScotlandBusiness19811999 
Item 9 of 10293, North Deeside Road, Peterculter, Aberdeenshire, ScotlandPrivate19992011 
Item 10 of 1024, Busby Road, Carmunnock, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivate2012  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5T Harold Hughes & D S R Waugh1950s AssistantVacation employment while a student
Item 2 of 5Fairbrother, Hall & Hedges19551956Assistant 
Item 3 of 5J D Cairns & Ford19561957Architect 
Item 4 of 5Robert A Little & George F Dalton & Associates19571966Architect 
Item 5 of 5Cumbernauld New Town Development Corporation19691972ArchitectAssistant Principal Architect

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 421949Glasgow University, Inorganic Chemistry Block  GlasgowScotlandAs assistant to Hughes & Waugh
Item 2 of 421949Glasgow University, new surgical building  GlasgowScotlandAs assistant with Hughes & Waugh
Item 3 of 421955St Cuthbert's Primary School  EdinburghScotland 
Item 4 of 421956Trafalgar Bar  EdinburghScotlandDesign studies, working drawings and supervision of project
Item 5 of 421957Housing for US Air ForceCleveland OhioUnited States of America 
Item 6 of 421958Bedford Board of Education BuildingCleveland OhioUnited States of America 
Item 7 of 421958Mount Sinai Hospital, laboratoriesCleveland OhioUnited States of America 
Item 8 of 421959Brown HouseCleveland OhioUnited States of America 
Item 9 of 421959Clevite Electrical Components FactoryCleveland OhioUnited States of America 
Item 10 of 421959Curtis 1000 FactoryCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaWorking drawings and colour scheme design (based on safety colour codes)
Item 11 of 421959MusicarnivalPalm Beach FloridaUnited States of AmericaWorking drawings
Item 12 of 421959Nelson HouseCleveland OhioUnited States of America 
Item 13 of 421959Westinghouse housesCleveland OhioUnited States of America 
Item 14 of 421960Crile HouseCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaAddition
Item 15 of 421960Moody Junior High SchoolCleveland OhioUnited States of America 
Item 16 of 421960Noble and Greenough SchoolCleveland OhioUnited States of America 
Item 17 of 421960Polyclinic HospitalCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaLaboratories and obstetric unit
Item 18 of 421961Cleveland Trust BankChagrin Falls Cuyahoga County, OhioUnited States of AmericaCabinet detailing to users' requirements
Item 19 of 421961Highland View HospitalCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaAnimal research laboratories
Item 20 of 421961Highland View HospitalCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaFamily housing
Item 21 of 421961Stone HouseCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaRemodelling
Item 22 of 421961Wickliffe Presbyterian ChurchCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaPlanning studies, model making and working drawings
Item 23 of 421962Akron City HospitalCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaEmergency, X-Ray, OR and Patient rooms
Item 24 of 421962Cleveland Metropolitan General HospitalCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaEmergency and operating rooms, physical medicine and rehabilitation unit, obstetrics unit and perinatal unit. Her role involved obtaining the brief (accommodation and equipment), drawing up the master plan (and preparing presentation drawings), undertaking preliminary planning studies, preparing working drawings and equipment drawings and drawing up the decoration and furnishing design
Item 25 of 421962Laurel School Primary BuildingCleveland OhioUnited States of America 
Item 26 of 421963Cleveland Health FoundationCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaDecoration and furnishing design
Item 27 of 421963US Department of Defence HousingCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaSite development drawings, working drawings and decoration and furnishing design
Item 28 of 421964Student Housing for Case Institute of TechnologyCleveland OhioUnited States of America 
Item 29 of 421966Akron Municipal Parking GarageCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaControl of all phases of the project and their unification.
Item 30 of 421967Akron Municipal Parking GarageCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaBank vestibule addition, addition to parking and landscaping of plaza, restaurant and bridge.

Planning studies of parking requirements, air rights presentation drawings, development drawings and working drawings
Item 31 of 421967Norton HouseCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaAdditions and remodelling - obtaining clients' brief, specification writing, working drawings, cabinet detailing to users' requirements, supervision of construction
Item 32 of 421967University Circle Research CentreCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaSite planning, traffic patterns, lighting layout, landscaping, topography, road layout, bridge design, model making and development drawings
Item 33 of 421968Bnai Brith Hillel FoundationCleveland OhioUnited States of AmericaPlanning studies, presentation drawings, working drawings, cabinet detailing to users' requirements, decoration and furnishing design.
Item 34 of 421969Abronhill Development PlanCumbernauld LanarkshireScotlandWorked on site analysis, site development planning, report writing, project administration, development of metric house shells.
Item 35 of 421972Nursery School, AbronhillCumbernauld LanarkshireScotland 
Item 36 of 421974Five private houses for group of elderly people   ScotlandWorking on her own account.
Item 37 of 421975Shell's Exploration and Production office complexAltens AberdeenshireScotlandWarehouse and office for Shell UK Expro - as partner in charge of the Aberdeen office, which included site supervision.
Item 38 of 421976Shell's Exploration and Production office complexAltens AberdeenshireScotlandAdditional office and boiler house. Supervision of construction of office and design and working drawings for boiler house
Item 39 of 421977Shell's Exploration and Production office complexAltens AberdeenshireScotlandFurniture carpet and curtain selection as well as colour choice for the Reception and Restaurant.
Item 40 of 421978Shell's Exploration and Production office complexAltens AberdeenshireScotlandTraining centre with lecture rooms and short stay single bedrooms and study rooms. Interior design for this project and refurbishment of existing mansion on site. Also tennis courts and squash courts.
Item 41 of 421985Village HallPeterculter AberdeenshireScotlandExtension and alterations, design, costing, grant application, working drawings and supervision
Item 42 of 421986Five private houses   Scotland 


Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2Courtesy of Anne DuffInformation sent via 'Contact Us' on website Sent October 2016
Item 2 of 2Courtesy of Mary SpaethInformation sent to Yvonne Hillyard Sent April 2011


© All rights reserved. Courtesy of Miss Anne Duff, sent November 2016 

© All rights reserved. Courtesy of Miss Anne Duff, sent November 2016