Basic Biographical Details

Name: John Herdman Reid
Designation: Architect
Born: 24 June 1926
Died: 2 August 2004
Bio Notes: John Herdman Reid was born on 24 June 1926, the son of David Sinclair Reid, a local government officer and his wife, Wilhelmina Davie, a book keeper. He studied at the School of Architecture, Edinburgh College of Art. His architectural training was interrupted by military service in the Royal Signals. He spent the vacations during his student days as a trainee archaeologist at Jarlshof in Shetland. He was elected ARIBA in 1951 and ARIAS in 1952. In that year he was awarded a Gertrude Bell Fellowship and studied for the next three years at the Institute of Archaeology, London University and in Bagdad. His field work was mainly in Nimrud in northern Iraq.

He assisted Ian Lindsay from 1954 McKean in the Scotsman gives 1952), becoming a partner in 1958. During Lindsay’s last illness Reid ran the practice, driving out to Houston House in the evenings to discuss the practice. After Lindsay’s death in 1966 he ran the practice from Slateford House in Lanark Road where ‘you would be quite likely to meet a kenspeckle group broaching the threshold, confirming Reid’s breadth of interest. After Reid became architectural adviser to the Civic Trust, Maurice Lindsay was a frequent visitor. In 1968 he was elected FRIAS and FRIBA, his proposers for the latter being Robert Matthew, Alan Reiach and James Dunbar-Nasmith. Robert Matthew remarked in his reference that Reid 'has established a good reputation' carrying on the practice since Ian Lindsay's death, which was 'pre-eminent in the field of conservation'.

In the late 1960s Reid became involved in the drive to save the New Town of Edinburgh. In the wake of John Paterson’s Festival exhibition ‘200 Summers In a City’, Reid, as President of the Edinburgh Architectural Association and thus Vice President of the RIAS motivated and masterminded, together with Robert Matthew and Colin McWilliam, a detailed street by street condition survey of the New Town. This brought the parlous condition of the New Town to the attention of the public in a focussed way. The impact of this study was immense. In 1970 Reid was awarded Edinburgh Citizen of the Year – see image below, taken at this time. This initiative led to a conference in 1972, the influential Edinburgh New Town Conference and the setting up of the Edinburgh New Town Conservation Committee which in its turn led to the foundation of the Edinburgh World Heritage Trust.

In 1984 the practice split into Crichton Lang, Willis & Galloway and John Reid Architect. From this time Reid was principally involved with two projects: the consolidation of Tulliallan House and the restoration of a small tower in the Borders. Both exemplified his Arts & Crafts approach.

In 2003 he is health was poor. He died at home on 2 August 2004 survived by his wife, Margot Fawns Scott, a retired medical technician, their son and their two daughters.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 537, Mansionhouse Road, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate/business 2004 
Item 2 of 51, Huchison Grove, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate1950After 1955 
Item 3 of 517, Great Stuart Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness1954  
Item 4 of 529, Mansionhouse Road, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate1960s  
Item 5 of 5Slateford House, Lanark Road, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessLate 1960s  

Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2Ian Gordon Lindsay1954 Assistant 
Item 2 of 2Ian G Lindsay & Partners1958After 1975Partner 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 3(Professor Sir) James Duncan Dunbar-Nasmith17 July 1968For Fellowship
Item 2 of 3Robert Hogg Matthew17 July 1968For Fellowship
Item 3 of 3Alan Reiach17 July 1968For Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 50After 1954Free High Church and Free Church College  EdinburghScotlandRestoration. Acted as Consultant. Nomination Paper records that Reid was responsible for this job.
Item 2 of 50195515 High StreetDunkeld PerthshireScotlandRestoration
Item 3 of 501957Culross Town HallCulross FifeScotlandRefurbishment
Item 4 of 501958Druminnor Castle  AberdeenshireScotlandRestoration
Item 5 of 501958Inveraray TownInveraray ArgyllScotlandRestoration and new houses. Particular responsibility
Item 6 of 501959Bemersyde HouseBemersyde BerwickshireScotlandWest wing reduced in height again
Item 7 of 501959Cottage, SmyrtonGlenapp AyrshireScotland 
Item 8 of 501960sAlexander Hall's Office  EdinburghScotland 
Item 9 of 501960sHousingNewhaven EdinburghScotland 
Item 10 of 501960sOrmiston HallOrmiston East LothianScotlandRestoration
Item 11 of 501960sTankerness HallKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotlandRestoration/alterations?
Item 12 of 501960sThe Mound/Lawnmarket area  EdinburghScotlandDevelopment plan. Reid acted as Consultant (RIBA Paper)
Item 13 of 501960sWhitehillRosewell MidlothianScotlandResidential and teaching block added
Item 14 of 501960Duart CastleCraignure (near)MullArgyllScotlandMinor works
Item 15 of 501960Houses, Dean Path  EdinburghScotlandRestoration of old buildings and some new insertions
Item 16 of 501960Inveraray CastleInveraray ArgyllScotlandMinor restoration work
Item 17 of 501960Little housesCulross FifeScotlandRestoration
Item 18 of 501960Newhaven Core Development AreaNewhaven EdinburghScotlandRestoration and redevelopment, including flats to south of Main Street. Nomination Paper records that Reid was responsible for this job.
Item 19 of 501961Loch Gair Power StationLoch Gair ArgyllScotland 
Item 20 of 501962Fourteen (14) houses and a hall, 70-80 Canongate  Edinburgh, MidlothianScotlandNomination Paper records that Reid was responsible for this job.
Item 21 of 501962Huntly House  EdinburghScotlandRestoration of adjacent 17C. tenement and incorporation of it in Museum. Nomination Paper records that Reid was responsible for this job.
Item 22 of 501964New Lanark villageNew Lanark LanarkshireScotlandRestoration. Particular responsibility?
Item 23 of 501965Carberry TowerInveresk, Musselburgh MidlothianScotlandChapel
Item 24 of 501965St Machar's CathedralOld Aberdeen AberdeenScotlandConservation and re-ordering
Item 25 of 501965University of Edinburgh, Old College  EdinburghScotlandInterior alterations. Acted as Consultant. Nomination Paper records that Reid was responsible for this.
Item 26 of 501966Milne's (Mylne's) Court  EdinburghScotlandRestoration. Nomination Paper records that Reid was responsible for this job.
Item 27 of 501966Old ChurchPeterhead AberdeenshireScotlandRestoration - and oak pulpit
Item 28 of 501966St Cecilia's Hall  EdinburghScotlandRebuilding. Nomination Paper records that Reid was responsible for this job.
Item 29 of 501968Oban Episcopal Cathedral of St John the DivineOban ArgyllScotlandWorked with Harley Haddow - consolidation of foundations, raising of nave floor level, new narthex screenand rooflights along S edge of nave above new screen.
Item 30 of 501970sGlebelandLivingston West LothianScotland 
Item 31 of 501970sHotel  ShetlandScotland 
Item 32 of 501970sHouse type design and layout for Walker Homes   Scotland 
Item 33 of 501970sKirkwall Grammar SchoolKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotlandConversion to Local Authority offices
Item 34 of 501970sOffice accommodation for Crown Estate Commissioners  EdinburghScotland 
Item 35 of 501970sOffice block for Aberdeen Service Co (North Sea) Ltd  AberdeenScotland 
Item 36 of 501970sOffices for the Faculty of Advocates  EdinburghScotland 
Item 37 of 501970sSheltered housing for Royal British Legion  EdinburghScotland 
Item 38 of 501970sState Guest Palace  DubaiUnited Arab Emirates 
Item 39 of 501970sSurgeons' Hall  EdinburghScotlandRestoration? additions?
Item 40 of 501970sUniversity of Edinburgh, Old College  EdinburghScotlandConservation
Item 41 of 501970Makerston (or Makerstoun) HouseKelso RoxburghshireScotlandRestoration after fire - as senior partner
Item 42 of 501971Barscobe Castle  KirkcudbrightshireScotlandRestoration
Item 43 of 501971Block of buildings, Chambers Street  EdinburghScotland 
Item 44 of 501971Villa, 14 Kevock RoadLasswade MidlothianScotland 
Item 45 of 501972Great YewOrmiston East LothianScotland 
Item 46 of 501975Inveraray CastleInveraray ArgyllScotlandRestoration after fire
Item 47 of 501976Isaac S Mackie housingElie FifeScotland 
Item 48 of 501977Tenements, Mound Place  EdinburghScotlandRestoration
Item 49 of 501978David Marshall Lodge and IndicatorAberfoyle PerthshireScotlandAdditions to N
Item 50 of 50After 1984Tulliallan Castle, gardens and lodgeKincardine-on-Forth FifeScotlandRestoration - in independence practice.

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Glendinning, M, MacInnes, R and MacKechnie, A1996A History of Scottish Architecture  p578
Item 2 of 2RIBA1970RIBA Directory 1970   

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Prospect1948Spring, no19  
Item 2 of 3RIAS Chartered Architect2005  Winter issue. Obituary p6
Item 3 of 3Scotsman19 January 2005   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2RIAS, Rutland SquareRecords of membership  
Item 2 of 2RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers F no6267 (Combined Box 129)

Images

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