Basic Biographical Details
|Name: ||(Miss) Margaret Justin Blanco White |
|Designation: ||Architect |
|Born: ||11 December 1911 |
|Died: ||1 November 2001 |
|Bio Notes: ||(Miss) Margaret Justin Blanco White was born on 11 December 1911. She came from an intellectually distinguished family. Her father, George Rivers Blanco White, was a lawyer who defended suffragettes and 'Irish conspirators'. He was called to the Bar in 1936. Her mother was the writer Amber Pember Reeves who had connections with New Zealand. |
From September 1929 she studied at the Architectural Association in London. In 1931 she was awarded a travelling scholarship by the AA with which she visited Austria. In 1932 she travelled in Russia and Germany and the following year, 1933, she was Henry Jarvis Student and she made a study tour of France. She sat the RIBA final examination in July 1934. It is not yet clear where she worked from 1934-38 but in 1936 she married Conrad Hal Waddington. He was a lecturer in Genetics and Fellow at Christs College Cambridge. The couple had two daughters. In the period 1938-39 she worked in an office in the United States. She was elected ARIBA in 1939, her proposers being Howard Robertson, E Maxwell Fry and C Dudley Harbron. At the time of her application she was working in an office in Hull. Her home address (perhaps she worked from there as well?) was Morton Hall, near Liberton.
In the late 1940s (?) Margaret took post with the Civil Service post in Edinburgh. She was elected FRIAS in 1964.
In the Queen's Birthday Honours in June 1973 she was awarded the OBE for her work as superintending architect of the Scottish Office. She pioneered development work in standards for low-cost housing and contributed to the design of houses for old people. She wrote what was to become a definitive work on the design of hospital casualty and out-patient departments, a book later used all over the United Kingdom.
By 1987 she had retired and moved to Italy. She died on 1 November 2001 in Cambridge. Her husband had died in 1975. She was survived by her daughters, Dame Caroline Humphrey, an anthropologist and Professor Margaret Dusa Waddington McDuff, a mathematician, both of whom are highly distinguished in their fields.
Ekistics: Special issue. Delos 3: report of the third symposium, July 12-19. October 1965
Article by C. A. Doxiadis, R. Buckminster Fuller, S. Giedion, P. Johnson-Marshall, R. Matthew, M. Mead, C. H. Waddington and M. J. Blanco White
Citation: 1965 Oct.
The casualty department.
Article by M. J. Blanco-White and P. C. Rendle
Architects' Journal 1960 July 7, p. 39-44.
The school looks around : a book for teachers about local surveys / by Elizabeth Layton and Justin Blanco White ; (Association for Education in Citizenship)
London : Longmans, Green : Association for Education in Citizenship, 1948.
System of construction for a house of steel : scheme for 3-bedroom house alternative designs.
Article by Max Lock and Miss Blanco White
Architects' Journal 1945 Oct. 4, p. 245-258
Manchester [District] planning scheme, by R. Nicholas.
Article by J. Blanco White
1945 Sept. 6, p. 169-172.
Housing standards: the requirements of good housing.
Article by J. Blanco White
Keystone 1937 June, p. 11
Industrial housing in wartime : results of a competition organised by the Royal Institute of British Architects.
London : R.I.B.A., .
29 p. : plans ; 26 cm.
Illustrates competition entries from: R.G. Brocklehurst, Rodney Thomas, Mary Crowley, Justin Blanco White, Erno Goldfinger, J.G. Ledeboer George Fairweather, R.A. Horsman, Forbes MacLennan & Partners, Frederick Gibberd, Halliday & Agate, Stella Scott, Ewart Redfern, Alec Bellamy and others.
The design of huts.
Article by Justin Blanco-White
Keystone 1942 Feb., p. 11-13.
Illustrations: Includes sketches
Housing forum. 3, Number on rural housing.
Articles by Edric Neel and J. Blanco-White and by B. S. Townroe
Architectural Design & Construction March 1943
Ministry of Health emergency agricultural programme -- Local authority housing. iii -- Cottage flats in Wales
Physical planning supplement: Manchester and district planning proposals.
Article by Justin Blanco White
Architects' Journal vol. 102, 1945 Sept. 6, p. 169-171.
Contents: Proposals prepared by R. Nicholas, City Surveyor and Engineer
Private and Business Addresses
|The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:|
| ||Address||Type||Date from||Date to||Notes|
|44, Downshire Hill, Hampstead, London, England||Private||Before 1937 *||After 1940|| |
|29, Grove Street, Beverly Road, Hull, England||Business||1939 *|| || |
|8, The Park, Hull, England||Business||1939|| || |
|Morton Hall, Liberton, Edinburgh, Scotland||Private||1947||1952|| |
|10, Dundonald Street, Edinburgh||Business||November 1957(?)|| ||along with Rachel Wilson and Albert Abbott, per Builder 31 January 1958 p214|
|15, Blacket Place, Edinburgh, Scotland||Private||1964|| || |
|Newington Cottage/15, Blacket Place, Edinburgh, Scotland||Business||c. 1964 *||After 1970|| |
|Villa Gelli/57022, Castagneto-Carducci, Livorno, Italy||Private||1987 *|| || |
* earliest date known from documented sources.
|This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):|
| ||Name||Date proposed||Notes|
|Robert Mather Godfrey||7 February 1968||for Fellowship|
|Thomas Ronald Wilson||7 February 1968||for Fellowship|
Buildings and Designs
|The following books contain references to this architect:|
|RIBA||1950||The RIBA Kalendar 1950-1951|| ||London: Royal Institute of British Architects|| |
|RIBA||1964||The RIBA Kalendar 1963-64|| || || |
|RIBA||1970||RIBA Directory 1970|| || || |
|RIBA||1979||Directory of members|| || || |
|The following periodicals contain references to this architect:|
| ||Periodical Name||Date||Edition||Publisher||Notes|
|Builder||31 January 1958|| || ||'Housing Development, Leith Fort, Edinburgh,' pp214, 221-223, includes site plan, plans and elevations|
|Glasgow Herald||2 June 1975|| || ||p5|
|The Times||12 January 1907|| || ||p11 Father's Law exams|
|The Times||18 February 1936|| || ||p4 Father called to Bar as KC|
|The Times||14 August 1936|| || ||p1 Marriage|
|The Times||22 October 1945|| || ||p1 Birth of daughter|
|The Times||29 March 1966|| || ||p12 Death of her father (gives mother's name)|
|The Times||29 September 1975|| || ||p 14 Death of husband|
|The following archives hold material relating to this architect:|
| ||Source||Archive Name||Source Catalogue No.||Notes|
|RIAS, Rutland Square||Records of membership|| || |
|RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert Museum||RIBA MSS Collection|| || |
|RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert Museum||RIBA Nomination Papers|| ||A no7285 (Combined Box 182)|