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Basic Biographical Details

Name: William Jardine
Designation: Architect
Born: 16 April 1920
Died: 24 May 2005
Bio Notes: William Jardine was born at Clarenceton, Dunscore, on 16 April 1920, the youngest of the five children of William Jardine, dry stone dyker, and his wife Elizabeth Scott. He attended Dunscore Primary School and Wallacehall Academy at Closeburn. His older brothers Charles and James had followed their father into dry stone dyking but both subsequently became gardeners, James becoming junior gardener on the Craigdarroch estate. After leaving school William was articled in the Barbour & Bowie practice from 1935 to 1940.

During the Second World War William enlisted with the Royal Infantry, receiving his basic training at Redford Barracks. He was moved to Kent prior to sailing to Durban in South Africa. He subsequently saw active service in Egypt, Palestine and Syria and later in Sicily and the Italian mainland. In June 1944 he was given compassionate leave to return home as his mother had finally succumbed to the arthritis from which she had suffered for a number of years.

As he prepared to rejoin his regiment he was offered a civilian job, planning war housing in Stirling in preparation for the troops returning home. This he accepted and spent 6 months in this job. He then applied for and was accepted to a junior position with Wylie Shanks & Wylie. He married Margaret, daughter of the head gardener at Craigdarroch, on 21 September 1950. They initially set up home in Killermont but soon moved to a bungalow in the Garscube Estate, Bearsden.

Whilst working with Wylie Shanks & Wylie, Jardine continued to study through a correspondence course and sat the Special Final exam in Edinburgh in late 1952, being elected ARIBA in January 1953. The following year he was invited to become a partner in the practice. By that date Walter Underwood had also been taken into partnership, although the practice title did not change to Wylie Shanks & Underwood until sometime between October 1956 and April 1957. When Underwood withdrew in 1960, the firm name was changed to Wylie Shanks & Partners.

Jardine was particularly involved with the design and construction of factories and industrial estates. He became the chief consultant to the Scottish Industrial Estates Corporation (SIEC), a position he held for many years. Other clients included Glasgow University and the Glasgow Health Board. He became senior partner in the practice after the retirement of George Shanks 1963 and of Frederick Wylie in 1969. He was elected FRIAS in 1962 and FRIBA on 26 June 1963, his proposers being Frederick Wylie, George Shanks and William McCrea.

During the 1970s the practice expanded and was able to offer engineering as well as architectural services to their clients. About this time Jardine became a member of the Merchant’s House of Glasgow and of the Royal Automobile Club. Outwith his professional life he enjoyed fishing which he did in the company of a number of friends including Joseph Henderson, who had a joinery business in Bishopbriggs and whom he had first met when they were working on the renovation of the High School in Glasgow.

He retired in April 1982. The family moved back to Dumfriesshire where he designed their house and where he was known locally as a ‘quiet smart and courteous gentleman, his younger looks and agile mental ability belying his age’.

He died aged 84 on 24 May 2005 following a short illness. His wife, Margaret Walker Galloway, retired bank clerk, of whom he had been a full-time carer for some time as she suffered from Parkinsons Disease died sixteen days later. They were survived by their son Scott.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 4Clairmont, Corstorphine Road, Thornhill, Dumfriesshire, ScotlandPrivate 2004 
Item 2 of 415, Inveroran Drive, Bearsden, Dunbartonshire, ScotlandPrivate1953 *  
Item 3 of 4Inverairn/52, Ballater Drive, Bearsden, Glasgow, ScotlandPrivate1962 *1963 
Item 4 of 412/13, Clairmont Gardens, Glasgow, ScotlandBusinessBefore 1963 *After 1981Address of Wylie Shanks

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5Barbour & Bowie19351940Apprentice 
Item 2 of 5Wylie, Shanks & Wylie19461953Assistant 
Item 3 of 5Wylie, Shanks & Wylie1954Between October 1956 and April 1957Partner 
Item 4 of 5Wylie, Shanks & UnderwoodBetween October 1956 and April 19571960Partner 
Item 5 of 5Wylie Shanks & Partners19601982Partner 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 3William McCrea26 June 1963for Fellowship
Item 2 of 3George Ferguson Smellie Shanks26 June 1963for Fellowship
Item 3 of 3Frederick Robert Wylie26 June 1963for Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 491951Rolls Royce FactoryEast Kilbride LanarkshireScotlandAs assistant in practice
Item 2 of 491954Glasgow Maternity Hospital  GlasgowScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 3 of 491954Killearn HospitalKillearn StirlingshireScotlandAlterations and extension to wards, labs and X-ray and operating theatres
Item 4 of 491954Royal College of Science and Technology Students Union  GlasgowScotlandResponsible for original design
Item 5 of 491957Glasgow Royal Infirmary, Pathology Department  GlasgowScotlandExtension and alterations
Item 6 of 491957Royal College of Science and Technology, James Weir Engineering Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 7 of 491957Scottish Industrial Estate, Euclid (Great Britain) Ltd, plant at NewhouseNewhouse LanarkshireScotland 
Item 8 of 49Late 1950sGlasgow Western Infirmary, Radiotherapy Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 9 of 491960sFactory for National Cash RegistersWester Gourdie AngusScotland 
Item 10 of 491960sFactory for Wrangler  GlasgowScotland 
Item 11 of 491960Stow College of Building and Printing and Stow College of Commerce and Distributive Trades  GlasgowScotland 
Item 12 of 491961Factory for National Cash Registers  DundeeScotlandPartner in charge with ron Wilson
Item 13 of 491962Office block for ColvillesMotherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 14 of 491962Warehouse for William Collins Sons & Co, Publishers  GlasgowScotlandPartner in charge with Ed Hanlon
Item 15 of 491964Computer installations, NCR Ltd, Honeywell  LanarkshireScotland 
Item 16 of 491964Scottish Industries Exhibition 1964  GlasgowScotlandOverall design
Item 17 of 491965Glasgow Dental Hospital and School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 18 of 491965Motherwell and Wishaw Civic CentreMotherwell LanarkshireScotlandCompetition design - won competition to secure job
Item 19 of 491965Norwich Union Office Building  GlasgowScotland 
Item 20 of 49After 1966Factory for Holo-Krome Ltd., Kingsway West  DundeeScotland 
Item 21 of 491967Central Depot, Upper Clyde Water Board  GlasgowScotland 
Item 22 of 491967Scottish Industrial Estate, Euclid (Great Britain) Ltd, plant at NewhouseNewhouse LanarkshireScotlandExtension - partner in charge with Ed Hanlon
Item 23 of 491968Miss Cranston's Tea Rooms, Buchanan Street  GlasgowScotlandNew banking hall inserted - partner in charge with Peter Williams
Item 24 of 491960s or 1970sAdvance factory for SIECKirkconnel DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 25 of 491970sAdvance factory for SIECWick CaithnessScotland 
Item 26 of 491970sIndustrial development  EdinburghScotland 
Item 27 of 491970sWestern Infirmary, Oncology Unit   Glasgow Extension
Item 28 of 491970General Motors FactoryMotherwell LanarkshireScotland 
Item 29 of 491970General Motors FactoryPeterhead AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 30 of 491970Glasgow Dental Hospital and School  GlasgowScotlandTeaching block
Item 31 of 491970Rolls Royce FactoryHillington GlasgowScotlandNew factory
Item 32 of 491970Water Department Headquarters  GlasgowScotlandWith W T Deveney, engineer.
Item 33 of 49After 1970Elliott Brothers Marconi Developments premises   ScotlandNew build? Extensions?
Item 34 of 49After 1970Factory block for Industrial Estates Managment Corporation for Scotland  Dundee, AngusScotlandExtensions
Item 35 of 49After 1970Filtrona Factory  DundeeScotland 
Item 36 of 49After 1970Industrial development for General Motors   Luxembourg 
Item 37 of 49After 1970Trane Heating and Airconditioning FactoryDonibristle FifeScotland 
Item 38 of 49After 1970Veeder Root Factory  DundeeScotlandExtensions or new build?
Item 39 of 491972Offices for Rolls Royce  GlasgowScotland 
Item 40 of 491973Drewsteighton SchoolBearsden GlasgowScotland 
Item 41 of 49Before 1973Clydesdale Bank, overseas branchHillington GlasgowScotland 
Item 42 of 49c. 1973Carnegie LibraryAirdrie LanarkshireScotlandConversion? Further work?
Item 43 of 491975St Jude's Episcopal Church  GlasgowScotlandInterior subdivision as offices
Item 44 of 491975William Collins Publishers LtdBishopbriggs GlasgowScotlandAs senior partner
Item 45 of 491977Factory for Levi Strauss UK Ltd  DundeeScotlandPartner in charge with Wilson
Item 46 of 491977Sales Centre, Factory and offices for Caithness GlassPerth PerthshireScotland 
Item 47 of 491980sCaithness Glass factory and officesWick CaithnessScotland 
Item 48 of 491980sCaithness Glass Visitor CentreWick CaithnessScotland 
Item 49 of 491980sCaithness Glass Visitor CentrePerth PerthshireScotland 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 4Bailey, Rebecca M1996Scottish architects' papers: a source book Edinburgh: The Rutland Pressp151 (incorrectly states that he was a partner in the Wylie firm from 1946)
Item 2 of 4RIBA1964The RIBA Kalendar 1963-64   
Item 3 of 4RIBA1979Directory of members   
Item 4 of 4Wylie Shanks Architects2012Wylie Shanks Architects: a centenary retrospective 1912-2012   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 4H M Register HouseDeath Register  
Item 2 of 4RIAS, Rutland SquareRecords of membership  
Item 3 of 4RIAS, Rutland SquareRecords of membership Obituary by Scott Jardine.
Item 4 of 4RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers F no5623 (combined box 91)

Images

© All rights reserved. © and courtesy of Wylie Shanks 

© All rights reserved. © and courtesy of Wylie Shanks