© All rights reserved. Graham at right with Loretto School Chapel behind.  © The Scotsman Publications Ltd. Licensor www.scran.ac.uk 

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Basic Biographical Details

Name: Kenneth Edward Graham
Designation: Architect
Born: 2 January 1926
Died: Late 2009 or early 2010
Bio Notes: Kenneth Edward Graham was born in Chester-le-Street on 2 January 1926. He undertook war service in India as a Captain in the Ghurkas, and subsequently studied for the diploma in architecture at the University of Durham at Newcastle. He was admitted ARIBA in 1953 and ARIAS in 1967.

Graham worked in Buckingham County Council, Peterlee and Norwich (under David Percival) before joining Robert Matthew Johnson-Marshall in May 1958, where he soon headed a separate RMJM Edinburgh branch office at 13 South Charlotte Street, with a distinct emphasis on social housing. By 1964 he had risen to partner status.

On joining Robert Matthew's practice in the 1950s Graham's designs showed a strong vernacular influence, with an emphasis on pitch-roofed housing. However by the 1960s he had developed a more abstract approach, with his designs demonstrating a judicious balance between modernity and tradition, such as the 1960s designs for Barshare housing at Cumnock – Phase 1 of Barshare was awarded a Saltire Housing Award.

Graham was committed to the general RMJM ethos of social building, and brought a bluff and folksy approach to his work. He was appreciated by Matthew for his judgement in personal and even emotional matters, rather than technical organisation: 'I travelled a lot with Robert, and we talked a lot, but I'm not a very technical sort of chap, and so it was hardly ever “shop” talk about building design. Instead, he'd tell me extraordinary things about people, and ask my advice, using me as a kind of sounding-board.' And once, during the 1960s, 'Robert unexpectedly rang me up in my room, asking me about one of the other people in the office – what was my instinct about them, did I trust them, and so forth? I found it rather extraordinary!'

A rugby fan, Graham was also an able artist. Never ostentatious, his acquisition of a Porsche late in life was, he argued, a demonstration of an architect’s eye for fine design.

He died in late 2009 or early 2010, survived by his wife Joan, their three daughters Nicola, Lesley and Elspeth and several grandchildren.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 5Nile Grove, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate   
Item 2 of 515, Hill Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness   
Item 3 of 510, Bell's Brae, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness   
Item 4 of 5115, Aylesbury Road, Bierton, Buckinghamshire, ScotlandPrivate1950s  
Item 5 of 512, South Charlotte Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusiness1970 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 6Peterlee Development Corporation Before 1958  
Item 2 of 6Buckingham County Architect's DepartmentAfter 1946Before 1958  
Item 3 of 6Norwich City Planning DepartmentAfter 1946Before 1958 working under David Percival
Item 4 of 6Robert Matthew Johnson-Marshall (RMJM)May 19581961Architect 
Item 5 of 6Robert Matthew, Johnson-Marshall & Partners (RMJM)19611964Architect 
Item 6 of 6Robert Matthew, Johnson-Marshall & Partners (RMJM)19641970sPartner 


RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 2Maurice Kenfield1969For Fellowship
Item 2 of 2Thomas ('Tom') Riddell Spaven17 July 1968For Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 35 Guitar FactoryMuir of Ord Ross & CromartyScotland 
Item 2 of 35 Housing, BarrhillCumnock AyrshireScotlandPartner in charge
Item 3 of 35 Ski Lodge for Cairngorm Chairlift CompanyAviemore Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 4 of 35October 1958Barshare Housing and comprehensive town planCumnock and Holmhead Burgh AyrshireScotland 
Item 5 of 351960s441 Corporation houses, Springburn CDA Area A Springburn GlasgowScotlandPartner in charge
Item 6 of 351962Loretto School ChapelMusselburgh MidlothianScotlandPartner in charge - enlargement which replaced work by Honeyman & Keppie and Matthew. Lorimer furnishings retained.
Item 7 of 351962Pilgrim Street development  Newcastle-upon-TyneEnglandPartner in charge
Item 8 of 351962Victoria Street housing developmentDunbar East LothianScotland 
Item 9 of 351964University of Edinburgh, George Square Theatre  EdinburghScotland 
Item 10 of 351964 or 1965Ninewells Hospital and Medical School  DundeeScotlandInitally in charge of working drawings, but not available to help enough, so it is unclear how significant his contribution was
Item 11 of 351965Aberdeen University Joint Agricultural Building  AberdeenScotland 
Item 12 of 351965British Home Stores, Princes Street  EdinburghScotlandPartner in charge
Item 13 of 3520 May 1966Midlothian County Council Buildings  EdinburghScotlandFor Robert Matthew, Johnson-Marshall & Partners.
Item 14 of 351967Hunterston B Nuclear Power Station  AyrshireScotland 
Item 15 of 351968Scotstoun Park housingSouth Queensferry West LothianScotlandPartner in charge
Item 16 of 35c. 1969Cumnock Senior ClubCumnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 17 of 351970sEdinburgh Royal Infirmary  EdinburghScotlandWorking on re-development - particularly the Outpatients Department
Item 18 of 351971British Home Stores  AberdeenScotlandRedevelopment - partner in charge
Item 19 of 351971Industrialised Building Project (IBP) housing projectGurgi Tripoli (near)Libya 
Item 20 of 351971Market, 8-10 Market Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 21 of 35197248 houses, Holmhead RoadCumnock Road AyrshireScotlandPartner in charge? - layout and design proposals
Item 22 of 351972Bottle ExchangeDean Village EdinburghScotlandConversion of derelict bottle works into office for practice.
Item 23 of 351972Glaisnock Railway ViaductCumnock AyrshireScotlandRestoration for pedestrian use - partner in charge?
Item 24 of 351972Glaisnock Shopping CentreCumnock AyrshireScotlandIn charge of team working on this project?
Item 25 of 351972Landscape planCumnock AyrshireScotlandPartner in charge? - landscape plan
Item 26 of 351972Opera House site  EdinburghScotlandScheme for pyramidal opera house. Graham in close collaboration with Richards headed up the design team for the opera house scheme
Item 27 of 351972Stables, Bell's Brae  EdinburghScotlandConversion to offices
Item 28 of 351975Wester Hailes Education CentreWester Hailes EdinburghScotlandPartner in charge
Item 29 of 351978British Home Stores, Princes Street  EdinburghScotlandAdditions and energy conservation measures - partner in charge
Item 30 of 351979Electronics Factory for Burroughs CorporationLivingston West LothianScotland 
Item 31 of 351979International Business Machines (IBM) FactoryGreenock RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 32 of 35Before 1979Housing for the Link Housing Association  EdinburghScotland 
Item 33 of 351981Distillers HouseMurrayfield EdinburghScotlandPartner in charge
Item 34 of 351984Office for architectural practice, Dean VillageDean Village EdinburghScotland 
Item 35 of 351984Stables, Bell's Brae  EdinburghScotlandExtension and upgrading of offices


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 5Bailey, Rebecca M1996Scottish architects' papers: a source book Edinburgh: The Rutland Pressp135
Item 2 of 5Glendinning, Miles1997Rebuilding Scotland: The Postwar Vision, 1945-75  Tuckwell Press Ltdp25 Midlothian County Buildings
p165-7 University of Edinburgh George Square Redevelopment
Item 3 of 5RIBA1954RIBA Kalendar 1953-54   
Item 4 of 5RIBA1964The RIBA Kalendar 1963-64   
Item 5 of 5RIBA1970RIBA Directory 1970   

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1RIAS Quarterly2010SpringRoyal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland (RIAS)p.111: obituary


© All rights reserved. Graham at right with Loretto School Chapel behind.  © The Scotsman Publications Ltd. Licensor www.scran.ac.uk 

© All rights reserved. Graham at right with Loretto School Chapel behind. © The Scotsman Publications Ltd. Licensor www.scran.ac.uk