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Basic Biographical Details
|Name: ||(Sir) Leslie Patrick Abercrombie (or Patrick Abercrombie) |
|Designation: ||Architect, Town Planner |
|Born: ||6 June 1879 |
|Died: ||23 March 1957 |
|Bio Notes: ||Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie (often known simply as Patrick Abercrombie) was an influential figure in national UK planning debates and garden-city initiatives. Influenced by Geddes and the cultured Liberal tradition of his time, he disagreed with extreme state dominated solutions to planning, such as land nationalization, and believed that ‘to the concept of sociologist and the discourses of the scientist must be added the imagination of the technician-artist, if we are to construct the environment in which the human organism may rightly function.’ |
His distinguished planning career began in 1914 when he won an important planning competition for Dublin, and in 1915 he took over from Stanley Davenport Adshead as Lever Professor of Civic Design at the University of Liverpool.
Patrick Abercrombie was involved in the Barlow Committee’s Report (1940) and played a lead role in a large number of important regional and city plans, including the Sheffield Plan (1923), the Clyde Valley Regional Plan (for which he was made the lead consultant due to his extensive planning experience, 1943-46), the County of London Plan (in collaboration with J H Forshaw, 1943) and the Greater London Plan (1944). In March 1946 he took on a planning consultancy in Addis Ababa (he completed a master plan for the city in 1956), and he was made the first president of the newly established International Union of Architects in 1948.
In March 1957, Sir Leslie Patrick Abercrombie died suddenly at his home in Aston Tirrald, Berkshire. A memorial service was held at St. Martin-in-the-Fields in May 1957 with a speech given by Clough Williams-Ellis. Mr. Williams-Ellis also gave a radio appreciation of Abercrombie entitled 'The Genial Wizard', in the BBC Home Service on 25 July 1957 at 9:15pm.
Private and Business Addresses
|The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect, town planner:|
| ||Address||Type||Date from||Date to||Notes|
|Liberty Buildings, School Lane, Liverpool, England||Business||Before 1914||After 1922|| |
Employment and Training
Employees or Pupils
|The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect, town planner (click on an item to view details):|
| ||Name||Date from||Date to||Position||Notes|
|Peter Dunbar Lawson||1945||1947||Assistant|| |
Buildings and Designs
|The following books contain references to this architect, town planner:|
|British Architectural Library, RIBA||2001||Directory of British Architects 1834-1914|| || || |
|Glendinning, Miles||1997||Rebuilding Scotland: The Postwar Vision, 1945-75 || ||Tuckwell Press Ltd||p13 Clyde Valley Regional Plan|
|Glendinning, Miles||2008||Modern architect: the life and times of Robert Matthew|| ||RIBA Publishing||p68-72,81-2,126,178,195,264-5|
|RCAHMS||1999||Homebuilders: Mactaggart & Mickel and the Scottish housebuilding industry|| ||RCAHMS||p 85-86|
|Who's Who in Architecture||1914|| || || || |
|The following periodicals contain references to this architect, town planner:|
| ||Periodical Name||Date||Edition||Publisher||Notes|
|Builder||3 May 1957|| || ||p802|
|Builder||19 July 1957|| || ||'News of the Week: Sir Patrick Abercrombie', p111|
|Builder||3 April 1959|| || ||p664|
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