Basic Biographical Details

Name: James Crane Cruickshank
Designation: Architect
Born: 3 July 1882
Died: 6 December 1962
Bio Notes: James Crane Cruickshank was born on 3 July 1882, the son of John Tennant Cruickshank, commercial traveller and his wife, Caroline Sangster Crane. He was articled to Walker & Duncan, civil engineers and architects of Aberdeen, in 1898, remaining with them as assistant until 1906. He then spent a year carrying out drainage constructional work with London contractors S Pearson & Son before returning to Walker & Duncan as Principal Assistant, having charge of about fifteen assistants and pupils and three Inspectors of Works. He was taken into partnership in c.1913 but relinquished his position prior to joining the Army in 1917 to serve in Aberdeen and Kincardine.

In 1920 he was appointed a Temporary District Surveyor with the Department of Agriculture for Scotland, where he was in charge of ten assistants and oversaw all the technical work taking place in the Northern Area - an area which covered a third of Scotland, from Kincardineshire to Shetland. In the event the position was far from temporary as he still held it at the time of his election to LRIBA on 10 October 1930, his proposers being James Brown Nicol, William Edgar Gauld and Alexander Marshall Mackenzie. By this time he had experience in a wide range of building types including mansion and smaller houses, banks, territorial drill halls, hospitals, schools, research institutes, factories and agricultural buildings, as well as feuing plans, road work and water supply and drainage. He was an Associate Member of the Institute of Water Engineers, and a Member of the Royal Sanitary Institute.

Cruickshank died on 6 December 1962 at his home in Craiglea Drive, Edinburgh. At that time he was described as a civil engineer and surveyor. He was survived by his wife Alice Bow and at least one son.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 194, Craiglea Drive, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate1930 *1962 

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 4Walker & Duncan18981902 or 1903Apprentice 
Item 2 of 4Walker & Duncan1902 or 19031906Assistant 
Item 3 of 4Walker & Duncan1907c. 1913Principal Assistant 
Item 4 of 4Walker & Duncanc. 19131917Partner 


RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 3William Edgar Gauld10 October 1930for Licentiateship
Item 2 of 3Alexander Marshall Mackenzie10 October 1930for Licentiateship
Item 3 of 3James Brown Nicol10 October 1930for Licentiateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 81913Altries House  KincardineshireScotlandAlterations and additions - possibly involved
Item 2 of 81913Tarland SchoolTarland AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations and additions - possibly involved
Item 3 of 81913Torphins Auction MarketTorphins AberdeenshireScotlandPossibly involved
Item 4 of 8c. 1913Netherley EstateNetherley Aberdeenshire/KincardineshireScotland'Work on estate' (carried out by Walker & Duncan, 1907-23)
Item 5 of 81914Innes HouseElgin MorayshireScotlandNorth forecourt rearranged - Tennants transferred entrance to north.
Item 6 of 81914Mains of CraibstoneCraibstone AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations
Item 7 of 81916Innes HouseElgin MorayshireScotlandGarden layout
Item 8 of 81925Bungalow for J Craig, Broomhill Road  AberdeenScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 1RIBA1950The RIBA Kalendar 1950-1951 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2H M Register HouseDeath Register  
Item 2 of 2RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L no3348 (box 9)