Basic Biographical Details

Name: Charles Edward Tweedie (junior)
Designation: Architect
Born: 6 June 1891
Died: 11 February 1947
Bio Notes: Charles Edward Tweedie Junior was born on 6 June 1891 and educated at Daniel Stewart's College, Edinburgh. Although he was the son of architect Charles Edward Tweedie Senior, he did not train with him as he was not then in independent practice. His RIBA nomination papers contain conflicting information as to the locations and dates of his training and early career, but it seems that he commenced his articles in 1907 in H M Office of Works in Edinburgh and transferred a year-and-a-half later to the office of Hippolyte Jean Blanc, where he spent four years. From 1908 onwards he was also studying at Edinburgh College of Art and Heriot-Watt College. He served in the Great War and on his return continued to attend classes at the College of Art and Heriot-Watt for a further year-and-a-half, seemingly having rejoined the Office of Works as a draughtsman under John Wilson Paterson in the Ancient Monuments Department. He then served as an assistant and subsequently principal draughtsman to Francis William Deas before commencing practice on his own account in his father's firm in 1921 (according to his LRIBA papers), 1923 (according to his obituary) or 1924 (according to his FRIBA papers): it may be that he became a partner in 1921 and that he took responsibility for the practice from 1923 or 1924, as the practice title of Charles E Tweedie & Son appears in press reports from at least 1922. From 1927 until at least 1938 he taught Hygiene and Building Construction at Heriot-Watt, and for four years he was oral examiner in Hygiene for the RIBA final examinations held in Edinburgh.

Tweedie was admitted LRIBA on 6 February 1939, his proposers being Charles Geddes Soutar, William Brown Whitie and Arthur Forman Balfour Paul, and was elevated to Fellow on 9 January the following year, this time with John Ross McKay, Leslie Grahame-Thomson old colleagues of his father's in Lorimer's office and James Inch Morrison as proposers.

Tweedie was active in professional matters and served as President of the Edinburgh Architectural Association and a member of Council of the RIBA.

Tweedie was an office-bearer of the Lothian & Border Regimental Association, and during the Second World War commanded 2188 Company No 2 Scottish Motor Transport Column, Home Guard. He died in Edinburgh on 11 February 1947. He was survived by his wife and two sons, both of whom were training as architects with the intention of taking over the practice when they qualified; as an interim measure, it was to be continued by J D Cairns & Ford at 63 George Street, but in the event Cairns & Ford took it over completely without any reversion to his sons.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 248, Saughtonhall Drive, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivatec. 1921After 1942 
Item 2 of 254, Frederick Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandBusinessBefore 19221939 or after 1930 

Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5Hippolyte Jean Blanc19071908Apprentice 
Item 2 of 5H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)19081912Apprentice 
Item 3 of 5Francis William DeasAfter 1918Before 1921AssistantLatterly Principal Draughtsman
Item 4 of 5H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency)After 1918Before 1921AssistantIn Edinburgh office, working under John Wilson Paterson
Item 5 of 5Charles E Tweedie & Son1921 or 1922 or 1923 or 19241947Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 1William John Braes French1945 or 19461947Assistant 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 6John Ross McKay9 January 1940for Fellowship
Item 2 of 6James Inch Morrison9 January 1940for Fellowship
Item 3 of 6Arthur Forman Balfour Paul6 February 1939for Licentiateship
Item 4 of 6Charles Geddes Soutar6 February 1939for Licentiateship
Item 5 of 6Leslie Grahame Thomson (or Leslie Grahame-Thomson; later Leslie Grahame MacDougall)9 January 1940for Fellowship
Item 6 of 6William Brown Whitie6 February 1939for Licentiateship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 8William Collyer12 December 1944for Associateship
Item 2 of 8Thomas William Leslie Dorrance11 March 1947for Licentiateship
Item 3 of 8William John Braes French10 December 1946For Associateship
Item 4 of 8Alexander Stewart Kinnear28 September 1943for Licentiateship
Item 5 of 8Arthur Bain ('Tim') Morrison6 May 1947For Licentiateship
Item 6 of 8William Henry Sayers14 April 1942for Licentiateship
Item 7 of 8James Alexander Steedman17 November 1942for Licentiateship
Item 8 of 8Robert Edward Thomas Stockdale18 November 1941for Licentiateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 171921Rothesay War MemorialRothesayButeButeScotland 
Item 2 of 17After 1921107-108 Princes Street  EdinburghScotlandNew front and internal alterations
Item 3 of 17After 1921Edinburgh Murrayfield Indoor Sports BuildingMurrayfield EdinburghScotland 
Item 4 of 17After 1921Fountain Brewery for William McEwan & Co  EdinburghScotland 
Item 5 of 17After 1921Housing schemes  EdinburghScotland 
Item 6 of 17After 1921New brewery for William Younger & Co  EdinburghScotland 
Item 7 of 171925Three semi-detached housesSaughtonhall EdinburghScotland 
Item 8 of 171928George Watson's College  EdinburghScotlandCompetition design - not selected, but awarded 100-guinea premium
Item 9 of 171932Shops, Willowbrae Road  EdinburghScotland 
Item 10 of 171934Boys' Brigade HallCanonmills EdinburghScotland 
Item 11 of 171934Daniel Stewart's College, ante chapel (later war memorial)  EdinburghScotlandRestoration, including Gothic panelling
Item 12 of 171935Victoria Shipyard, offices for Henry Robb LtdLeith EdinburghScotland 
Item 13 of 171936Holyrood Brewery  EdinburghScotlandGabled addition
Item 14 of 171936Rothesay PavilionRothesayBute ScotlandSecond premiated competition designs (100 premium)
Item 15 of 171938Garage, stores, shops, laundry with offices for Mackay Ltd  EdinburghScotland 
Item 16 of 17Before 1939Daniel Stewart's College, Primary School  EdinburghScotlandJob interrupted by World War 2
Item 17 of 17c. 1939Watt Institution and School of Arts  EdinburghScotlandUnexecuted plans for further extension (proposals abandoned due to outbreak of war)

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Post Office Directories     

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2RIBA JournalApril 1947v54London: Royal Institute of British Architectsp344 - obituary
Item 2 of 2Scotsman13 February 1947  Obituary p3

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L no4733 (combined box 32); F no3754 (box 28)