Basic Biographical Details

Name: A & J Soutar
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1912
Ended: c. 1941
Bio Notes: Archibald Stuart Soutar was born on 25 May 1879 and educated at Arbroath High School. He was articled to John Murray Robertson in Dundee for four years from May 1895, remaining with Robertson's successor James Findlay as assistant after the former's sudden death in January 1901. During that period he took classes at University College and Dundee Technical College, the latter under Patrick Hill Thoms, and won the Queen's Prize. He left Findlay's office in September 1901 and moved to London where he joined the LCC Architects Department, working under William Edward Riley. He was admitted LRIBA on 20 March 1911, along with his younger brother John Carrick Stuart Soutar (born 1881), who had joined the LCC Architects Department with him in 1901 straight from an apprenticeship with Thomas Martin Cappon, and who had worked with him on several successful competition designs. Riley and Arthur Alfred Carder and James Maxwell Scott, also of the LCC Architects Department, acted as proposers for both brothers.

The catalyst for the brothers commencing independent practice was their competition win for the layout of Ruislip Manor Estate owned by King’s College Cambridge, followed by their appointment as consulting architects to Ruislip Manor Ltd. The assessor was Raymond Unwin to whom they were probably indebted for commissions at Hampstead Garden Suburb in 1913-14. In December 1914 Unwin was appointed to the Local Government Board, his role as consultant architect at Hampstead being taken over by George Lister Sutcliffe. In January 1915 John Carrick Stuart Soutar was also appointed a consultant architect and, after Sutcliffe became seriously ill in the Spring of the same year and died on 12 September, Soutar became sole architect to the Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust, the practice now having a main office at King William Street Strand for general practice and another at The Wylde, Hampstead for Hampstead Garden Suburb business. The brothers were also architects for the Knebworth Garden Village development but it never generated commissions for actual houses on the same scale as Hampstead. Their architecture was mainly in a late Stuart idiom, influenced by both Riley and Lutyens, the latter having a continuing role at Hampstead.

From 1920 until about 1928 the Soutars’ chief assistant was Paul Bradock who seems to have had a design role in some Hampstead developments and was allowed to have a small private practice of his own. About 1929 his role was taken over by William Powell who remained with the practice until at least 1939.


Archibald retired c.1941, returning to his native Arbroath to live at Bracklinn, 12 Salisbury Place. He died in a Dundee nursing home on 26 December 1951, leaving estate of £8262 6s 2d; John had died earlier in the same year on 27 February at Fairport, Hampstead Garden Suburb. .

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 18, William IV Street, Strand, London WC, EnglandBusiness1912After 1926 

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2Archibald Stuart Soutar1912c. 1941Partner 
Item 2 of 2John Carrick Stuart Soutar1912c. 1941Partner 

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 421911Houses in Manor WayRuislip MiddlesexEngland 
Item 2 of 421911Ruislip Manor layoutRuislip MiddlesexEnglandWon competition
Item 3 of 42c. 1911Cottages, Fitzneal Street and Du Cane RoadShepherd's Bush LondonEnglandA S Soutar responsible
Item 4 of 421913Bishop's Court, Bishop's AvenueHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 5 of 421914Spaniards Field, Wildwood RiseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 6 of 421915Barnett HomesteadHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 7 of 421919202 cottages for London Borough of KensingtonKensington LondonEnglandA S Soutar responsible
Item 8 of 4219201 HeathgateHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible, with Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 9 of 4219223 Turner DriveHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 10 of 42192270 Wildwood RoadHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 11 of 42192272-78 Wildwood RoadHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 12 of 421922Fairport, 7 Turner DriveHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible (for himself)
Item 13 of 421922Houses and shops, 2-12 Market PlaceHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 14 of 421923Belmont SchoolMill Hill, Barnet LondonEnglandNew wing - J C S Soutar responsible
Item 15 of 421923Bigwood Court, MiddlewayHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 16 of 421923Detached villa, 16 HeathgateHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible, with Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 17 of 421923Queen Mary Hall, south wing of The InstituteHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 18 of 421923Southwood, MiddlewayHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 19 of 421923Terraced housing, Heathgate (east side)Hampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 20 of 421923Villas, Raeburn CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 21 of 421924Belmont SchoolMill Hill, Barnet LondonEnglandChapel - J C S Soutar responsible
Item 22 of 421924Detached villa, 4 HeathgateHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible, with Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 23 of 42192813-18 South SquareHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 24 of 421928Belmont SchoolMill Hill, Barnet LondonEnglandNew classroom wing and arcades - J C S Soutar responsible
Item 25 of 42192924 Wildwood RoadHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 26 of 421929Houses, Grey CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible, with William Powell as job architect
Item 27 of 42Mid 1920s1 and 3 Turner CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible, with Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 28 of 42Mid 1920s12 and 14 Meadway CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 29 of 42Mid 1920s4 and 6 Meadway CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 30 of 42Mid 1920s4-14 Constable Close (even numbers)Hampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 31 of 42Mid 1920s5 Linnell DriveHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 32 of 42Mid 1920s7 and 9 Turner CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible, with Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 33 of 42Mid 1920s8 and 10 Meadway CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 34 of 42Mid 1920s8 Linnell DriveHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible, with Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 35 of 42Mid 1920s9 and 11 Constable CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 36 of 421930Yiewsley Town HallYiewsley, West Drayton MiddlesexEnglandA S Soutar responsible
Item 37 of 421935Green Close, MeadwayHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 38 of 421935Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust OfficeHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible, with William Powell as job architect
Item 39 of 421935Overall design and many individual houses, Ingram AvenueHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible
Item 40 of 421935Villa for David McKenna SoutarHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible, with the facade design provided by E L Lutyens
Item 41 of 421936Houses, Kenwood CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible, with William Powell as job architect
Item 42 of 421936Overall design and many individual houses, Winnington RoadHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandJ C S Soutar responsible

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Miller, Mervyn2006Hampstead Garden Suburb: Arts and Crafts Utopia? Phillimore, Chichester 
Item 2 of 2Miller, Mervyn and Gray, A Stuart 1992Hampstead Garden Suburb Phillimore, Chichester 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architectural practice:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1RIBA JournalJune 1952 London: Royal Institute of British Architectsp306 Obituary of Archibald Stuart