Basic Biographical Details

Name: John Carrick Stuart Soutar
Designation: Architect
Born: 25 January 1881
Died: 27 February 1951
Bio Notes: John Carrick Stuart Soutar was born on 25 January 1881, the younger brother of Archibald Stuart Soutar who was also to become an architect and third son of James Soutar, draper, Arbroath. John was educated at Arbroath High School and was articled to Thomas Martin Cappon in July 1897, studying at Dundee University College and gaining the Queen's Prize. On completing his apprenticeship on 9 September 1901 he moved to London and joined his brother in the LCC Architects Department, working under William Edward Riley. The brothers collaborated on several successful competition designs and were admitted LRIBA together on 20 March 1911, their proposers being Riley and Arthur Alfred Carder and James Maxwell Scott, also of the LCC Architects Department.

The catalyst for the brothers commencing independent practice was their competition win for the layout of Ruislip Manor Estate owned by King’s College Cambridge, followed by their appointment as consulting architects to Ruislip Manor Ltd. The assessor was Raymond Unwin to whom they were probably indebted for commissions at Hampstead Garden Suburb in 1913-14. In December 1914 Unwin was appointed to the Local Government Board, his role as consultant architect at Hampstead being taken over by George Lister Sutcliffe. In January 1915 John Carrick Stuart Soutar was also appointed a consultant architect and, after Sutcliffe became seriously ill in the Spring of the same year and died on 12 September, Soutar became sole architect to the Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust, the practice now having a main office at King William Street Strand for general practice and another at The Wylde, Hampstead for Hampstead Garden Suburb business. The brothers were also architects for the Knebworth Garden Village development but it never generated commissions for actual houses on the same scale as Hampstead. Their architect was mainly in a late Stuart idiom, influenced by both Riley and Lutyens, the latter having a continuing role at Hampstead.

From 1920 until about 1928 the Soutars’ chief assistant was Paul Bradock who seems to have had a design role in some Hampstead developments and was allowed to have a small private practice of his own. About 1929 his role was taken over by William Powell who remained with the practice until at least 1939. John was elected FRIBA on 14 June 1926, his proposers being Raymond Unwin, Ralph Knott and Ernest Stone Collins.

Archibald retired c.1941, returning to his native Arbroath to live at Bracklinn, 12 Salisbury Place. He died in a Dundee nursing home on 26 December 1951, leaving estate of £8262 6s 2d; John had continued in practice and died earlier in the same year on 27 February at Fairport, Hampstead Garden Suburb, survived by his wife and son and two brothers (one of whom was Archibald) and two sisters in Arbroath.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 437, Westover Road, Wandsworth, London SW, EnglandPrivate1911 * With his brother, Archibald Stuart Soutar
Item 2 of 48, King William IV Street, The Strand, Strand, London WC, EnglandBusiness1912After 1926 
Item 3 of 4Wyldes, North End, Hampstead, London NW, EnglandBusiness1926 *  
Item 4 of 4Fairport/7, Turner Drive, Hampstead, London NW, EnglandPrivate1926 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 4Thomas Martin CapponJuly 18979 September 1901Apprentice 
Item 2 of 4London County Council Architects' Department (LCC Architects' Department)9 September 19011912AssistantWorking under William Edward Riley
Item 3 of 4William Edward Riley9 September 19011912AssistantIn LCC Architects Department
Item 4 of 4A & J Soutar1912c. 1941Partner 


RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 6Arthur Alfred Carder20 March 1911for Licentiateship
Item 2 of 6Ernest Stone Collins1 June 1926for Fellowship
Item 3 of 6Ralph Knott1 June 1926for Fellowship
Item 4 of 6William Edward Riley20 March 1911for Licentiateship
Item 5 of 6James Maxwell Scott20 March 1911for Licentiateship
Item 6 of 6Raymond Unwin1 June 1926for Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 391911Houses in Manor WayRuislip MiddlesexEngland 
Item 2 of 391911Ruislip Manor layoutRuislip MiddlesexEnglandWon competition
Item 3 of 391913Bishop's Court, Bishop's AvenueHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 4 of 391914Spaniards Field, Wildwood RiseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 5 of 391915Barnett HomesteadHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 6 of 3919201 HeathgateHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandWith Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 7 of 3919223 Turner DriveHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 8 of 39192270 Wildwood RoadHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 9 of 39192272-78 Wildwood RoadHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 10 of 391922Fairport, 7 Turner DriveHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandfor himself
Item 11 of 391922Houses and shops, 2-12 Market PlaceHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 12 of 391923Belmont SchoolMill Hill, Barnet LondonEnglandNew wing
Item 13 of 391923Bigwood Court, MiddlewayHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 14 of 391923Detached villa, 16 HeathgateHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandwith Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 15 of 391923Queen Mary Hall, south wing of The InstituteHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 16 of 391923Southwood, MiddlewayHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 17 of 391923Terraced housing, Heathgate (east side)Hampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 18 of 391923Villas, Raeburn CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 19 of 391924Belmont SchoolMill Hill, Barnet LondonEnglandChapel
Item 20 of 391924Detached villa, 4 HeathgateHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandwith Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 21 of 39192813-18 South SquareHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 22 of 391928Belmont SchoolMill Hill, Barnet LondonEnglandNew classroom wing and arcades
Item 23 of 39192924 Wildwood RoadHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 24 of 391929Houses, Grey CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandwith William Powell as job architect
Item 25 of 39Mid 1920s1 and 3 Turner CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandwith Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 26 of 39Mid 1920s12 and 14 Meadway CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 27 of 39Mid 1920s4 and 6 Meadway CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 28 of 39Mid 1920s4-14 Constable Close (even numbers)Hampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 29 of 39Mid 1920s5 Linnell DriveHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 30 of 39Mid 1920s7 and 9 Turner CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandwith Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 31 of 39Mid 1920s8 and 10 Meadway CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 32 of 39Mid 1920s8 Linnell DriveHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandwith Paul Badcock as job architect
Item 33 of 39Mid 1920s9 and 11 Constable CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 34 of 391935Green Close, MeadwayHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 35 of 391935Hampstead Garden Suburb Trust OfficeHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandwith William Powell as job architect
Item 36 of 391935Overall design and many individual houses, Ingram AvenueHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 
Item 37 of 391935Villa for David McKenna SoutarHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandSoutar designed house, Lutyens designed facade
Item 38 of 391936Houses, Kenwood CloseHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEnglandwith William Powell as job architect
Item 39 of 391936Overall design and many individual houses, Winnington RoadHampstead Garden Suburb LondonEngland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 3Miller, Mervyn2006Hampstead Garden Suburb: Arts and Crafts Utopia? Phillimore, Chichester 
Item 2 of 3Miller, Mervyn and Gray, A Stuart 1992Hampstead Garden Suburb Phillimore, Chichester 
Item 3 of 3Who's Who in Architecture1914    

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Arbroath Herald and Advertiser for the Montrose Bu2 March 1851  Obituary
Item 2 of 3Builder9 March 1951v180 p359 - obituary
Item 3 of 3RIBA JournalApril 1951v58London: Royal Institute of British Architectsp249 - obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2British Architectural Library, RIBARIBA Biographical Files  
Item 2 of 2RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L v14 no925; F no2405 (box 6)