Basic Biographical Details

Name: Herbert William Cruickshank (or Herbert William Cruikshank)
Designation: Architect
Born: 29 January 1886
Died: 1935
Bio Notes: Herbert William Cruickshank (who sometimes signed his name 'Cruikshank') was born on 29 January 1886 and articled to Alexander Marshall Mackenzie of Aberdeen in 1902, attending classes at the School of Art and Technical College there. On completing his apprenticeship in 1907 he moved to Marshall Mackenzie's London office, leaving after four years to join Niven & Wigglesworth. He returned to Marshall Mackenzie's London office two years later and remained there until he was engaged on military service in the Artists' Rifles in 1915. He was subsequently seconded to the Royal Engineers, where he made the acquaintance of H T Seward.

At the end of the war, in 1919, Cruickshank and Seward commenced independent practice together in Manchester. The practice incorporated hospital, industrial, commercial and domestic work. Cruickshank was admitted ARIBA in mid-1920, his proposers being Alexander Marshall Mackenzie, David Barclay Niven and Herbert Hardy Wigglesworth; and was elevated to FRIBA in early 1931, his proposers this time being Francis Jones, Percy Scott Worthington and John Hubert Worthington, all of Manchester. He was a member of the Council of the Manchester Society of Architects, and was acting as honorary secretary to the House Committee at the time of his death in 1935. H T Seward continued the practice under the existing name of Cruickshank & Seward thereafter.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 4The Nook, Trafford Road, Alderley Edge, Cheshire, EnglandPrivate1920 *  
Item 2 of 425 Examiner Buildings, Strutt Street, Manchester, ScotlandBusiness1920 *  
Item 3 of 418, Booth Street, Manchester, EnglandBusiness1931 *  
Item 4 of 432, Elmfield Road, Stockport, Cheshire, EnglandPrivate1931 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 6A Marshall Mackenzie & Son19021904 or 1905Apprentice 
Item 2 of 6A Marshall Mackenzie & Son1904 or 19051907Apprentice 
Item 3 of 6A Marshall Mackenzie & Son19071912AssistantIn London office
Item 4 of 6Niven & Wigglesworth19121914Assistant 
Item 5 of 6A Marshall Mackenzie & Son19141915AssistantIn London office
Item 6 of 6Cruickshank & Seward (or Cruikshank & Seward)19191935Partner 


RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 6Francis JonesEarly 1931for Fellowship
Item 2 of 6Alexander Marshall MackenzieMid 1920for Associateship
Item 3 of 6David Barclay NivenMid 1920for Associateship
Item 4 of 6Herbert Hardy WigglesworthMid 1920for Associateship
Item 5 of 6John Hubert WorthingtonEarly 1931for Fellowship
Item 6 of 6(Sir) Percy Scott WorthingtonEarly 1931for Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 121902Aberdeen University, Marischal College  AberdeenScotlandFront and Broad Street front - as apprentice to A Marshall Mackenzie
Item 2 of 12c. 1903Waldorf Hotel  LondonEnglandAs apprentice to A Marshall Mackenzie
Item 3 of 121911Ottershaw Park  SurreyEnglandAs assistant to Niven & Wigglesworth
Item 4 of 121913Australia HouseAldwych LondonEnglandAs assistant to A Marshall Mackenzie & Son
Item 5 of 121919Glasgow Housing competition, tenements at Coplawhill, layout and plans  GlasgowScotlandAwarded first premium of 150
Item 6 of 12After 1919Bootle Housing SchemeBootle LancashireEnglandFirst premiated competition design
Item 7 of 12After 1919County Mental HospitalPrestwich LancashireEnglandExtensions
Item 8 of 12After 1919Manchester Babies' Hospital  ManchesterEngland 
Item 9 of 12After 1919Mid-Wales Counties Mental Hospital   Wales 
Item 10 of 12After 1919Southport Technical CollegeSouthport LancashireEnglandWon competition to secure job
Item 11 of 12After 1919Swindon Municipal BuildingsSwindon WiltshireEnglandSecond premiated competition design
Item 12 of 12After 1919William Deacon's Bank   England 


Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Journal23 November 1935v43London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsObituary, p104

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers A no2958 (microfilm reel 24); F no2890 (box 13)