Basic Biographical Details

Name: Haxton & Walker
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1907
Ended: c. 1914
Bio Notes: Andrew David Haxton was born on 10 April 1878 in St Andrews and came of a family of grocers. In November 1893 he was articled to Gillespie & Scott in St Andrews, remaining with them for one-and-a-half years as an assistant after completing his apprenticeship. During that time he took art classes with the painter and teacher Robert Smeaton Douglas, then based at Madras College in St Andrews, and won prizes for measured drawing from the Dundee Institute of Architects. He moved to Harrogate as assistant to Thomas Edward Marshall in 1900, and later in the same year moved to Glasgow as assistant to Thomson & Sandilands, studying at the Royal Technical College. In the following year he returned to Gillespie & Scott's office in St Andrews as chief assistant, and he remained there until he commenced practice on his own account in 1907, in partnership with a younger friend and colleague in Gillespie & Scott's office, William Walker.

William Walker was born in 1881, the son of a wine merchant of the same name in Cupar, where he was educated at the Bell Baxter School, but his family originally came from Longforgan in Perthshire. He was articled to Gillespie & Scott in St Andrews in 1898 and remained as assistant until 1906 when he joined Swanston & Syme in Kirkcaldy. During that period he sketched extensively in Scotland and England and made at least one study tour in France, working in Normandy and the area around Paris. Walker and his two sisters were very musical, William being secretary of the St Andrews Musical Association.

The partnership of Haxton & Walker was based in Leven at 3 High Street, Walker having won the competition for a commercial block there. Both partners were admitted LRIBA on 24 June 1912, proposed by William Fleming Wilkie and the Dundee Institute of Architects.

Walker enlisted at the beginning of the First World War and was commissioned in the Highland Cyclists Battalion, initially stationed at his native Cupar and at Lundin Links. Having risen to the rank of Captain he was posted to India but was invalided home. He was know as Captain Walker thereafter.

Walker was not well enough to resume the Leven partnership, but he married Jenny Reid McCririck of St Andrews and continued to practise from their home at 81 North Street, St Andrews whilst being cared for by her. He was elected FRIBA in January 1921, his proposers being William Williamson, William Fleming Wilkie and John Wilson. His nomination papers state that he was architect to the Commissioners of the Burghs of Pittenweem and Crail and the District Committee of Cupar, and that he had acted as expert adviser to Fife County Council on the erection of a sanatorium, although it is unclear to which sanatorium this applies. He died at home in February 1923. His widow then asked William Fleming Wilkie, then living at Graigower, St Andrews, to take over the practice and complete the work in hand.

Haxton continued to practise alone in Leven, subsequently taking Adam Elliot Watson (born 1908) into partnership.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 13, High Street, Leven, Fife, ScotlandBusiness   

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 4Andrew David Haxton1907c. 1914Partner 
Item 2 of 4William Walker19071923(?)Partner 
Item 3 of 4Lawrence Anderson Rolland19081913Apprentice 
Item 4 of 4Lawrence Anderson Rolland1913October 1914Draughtsman 

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 321907(?)Leven Infant SchoolLeven FifeScotland 
Item 2 of 321907Methil Co-operative Society Premises, Harbour WyndMethil FifeScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 3 of 32After 1907Church HallsElie FifeScotland 
Item 4 of 32After 1907Golf ClubhouseElie FifeScotland 
Item 5 of 32After 1907House for Mr F T WallaceLeven FifeScotland 
Item 6 of 32After 1907House for Mrs BuntireLeven FifeScotland 
Item 7 of 32After 1907Leven Town HallLeven FifeScotlandDecoration
Item 8 of 32After 1907Markinch Parish OfficesMarkinch FifeScotland 
Item 9 of 32After 1907Methil Co-operative Society PremisesMethil FifeScotland 
Item 10 of 32After 1907Pittenweem Town HallPittenweem FifeScotland 
Item 11 of 32After 1907Public HouseWindygates FifeScotland 
Item 12 of 321908(?)GothenburgDenbeath FifeScotland 
Item 13 of 321908Leven Public SchoolLeven FifeScotlandReconstruction
Item 14 of 321908Methil Co-operative Society Premises, Wellesley RoadMethil FifeScotlandExtension
Item 15 of 321908Parkhill Public SchoolLeven FifeScotland 
Item 16 of 321909Methil Co-operative Society Premises, Wellesley RoadMethil FifeScotlandShop and workshops
Item 17 of 321909Shepherds Hall and housesWindygates FifeScotlandPlans dated (the distinct roles of George Charles Campbell and A D Haxton/Haxton & Walker on these building are unclear - perhaps the Haxton plans were a competition design?).
Item 18 of 32c. 1909Methil Co-operative Society PremisesWemyss FifeScotland 
Item 19 of 321910Leven Public SchoolLeven FifeScotlandAdditions
Item 20 of 321910Lundin Mill Primary SchoolLundin Links FifeScotland 
Item 21 of 32c. 1910Buckhaven Co-operative Society premisesBuckhaven FifeScotland 
Item 22 of 32c. 1910Dairsie SchoolDairsie FifeScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 23 of 32c. 1910Mr McRuvie's house and chemist's shopDenbeath FifeScotland 
Item 24 of 32c. 1910SchoolLower Largo FifeScotland 
Item 25 of 32c. 1910St David's Church HallLower Largo FifeScotlandInternal work - several different phases?
Item 26 of 32191150-52 Hepburn GardensSt Andrews FifeScotland 
Item 27 of 32c. 1911Public Elementary SchoolPittenweem FifeScotlandPlans dated - east extension (to existing school?) and new school
Item 28 of 321913Social housingRosyth FifeScotland 
Item 29 of 32c. 1913St Monance SchoolSt Monans/St Monance FifeScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 30 of 321914Picture HouseBuckhaven FifeScotland 
Item 31 of 321914 or 1915Globe Electric TheatreBuckhaven FifeScotland 
Item 32 of 321915Proposed cemeterySt Monans/St Monance FifeScotlandSite plans and section showing ground levels.

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Measurers\' Companion1911The Scottish Architects' and Measurers' Companion  Indicates at 3 High Street, Leven in this.

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architectural practice:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSHaxton & Watson Collection Plans and drawings.
Item 2 of 2Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Personal information from Glen L Pride