Basic Biographical Details

Name: Thomas Smith Peace (senior)
Designation: Architect
Born: 24 August 1844
Died: 12 April 1934
Bio Notes: Thomas Smith Peace was born on 24 August 1844 in Shapinsay and apprenticed to his father, William Balfour Peace, who was a wood merchant and building contractor. His mother was Jane Smith. On completion of his apprenticeship he then went to Peterhead as clerk and draughtsman to the builder who had been contracted for King's College, Aberdeen. There he came to the attention of Robert Matheson, and joined him in the Edinburgh Office of the Office of Works, working on the Post Office alongside Charles Doyle. In the later 1860s he returned to Kirkwall to commence practice on his own account. He was a prominent Freemason and Commodore of the Orkney Sailing Club, building his own yacht, Njala.

In 1891 Peace's nephew of the same name, born in 1874, became an apprentice, remaining as assistant until 1898 when he sought wider experience with Hippolyte Jean Blanc, whom his uncle had probably known through the King's College works in Aberdeen. He returned to his uncle's practice in 1902, where he remained until called up during the First World War in which he attained the rank of Major. He was admitted LRIBA in the mass intake of 20 July 1911, his proposers being Blanc, David Robertson and John Bryce. The younger Peace died in 1933; the practice was continued by his eighty-nine-year-old uncle who died the following year, on 12 April 1834. His wife, Margaret Mount Anderson, had predeceased him. In addition to their known works, the Peaces undertook commissions for business premises such as bakers and drapers, none of which have been identified.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 1Junction Road, Kirkwall, Orkney, ScotlandPrivate/businessBefore 1891After 1911 

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 1H M Office of Works (later Ministry of Works, Department of the Environment and Property Services Agency) Before 1869AssistantIn Edinburgh office, working under Robert Matheson

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3Thomas Smith Peace (junior)18911898Apprentice 
Item 2 of 3Thomas Smith Peace (junior)c. 18961898Assistant 
Item 3 of 3Thomas Smith Peace (junior)19021933Assistant 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 29After 1859General Post Office  EdinburghScotlandWorking under Robert Matheson in H M Office of Works, Edinburgh
Item 2 of 291873Kirkwall Grammar SchoolKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 3 of 291874GraemeshallSt Mary's (near)MainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 4 of 291880Gospel Hall, Victoria StreetKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 5 of 291880Papdale MillKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotlandAlterations
Item 6 of 291881Orkney Combination PoorhouseKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 7 of 291883Kirkwall HarbourKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotlandEast pier rebuilt and light tower built
Item 8 of 291884Masonic HallKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 9 of 291884Town Hall and Municipal BuildingsKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 10 of 291886St Olaf's Episcopal ChurchKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 11 of 291887Lerwick Combination PoorhouseLerwickMainlandShetlandScotland 
Item 12 of 291888Balfour HospitalKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotlandNew fever hospital buliding, 20 High Street
Item 13 of 291888Drill HallStromnessMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 14 of 291888UP HallKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 15 of 291889Kirkwall HotelKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 16 of 291889Victoria HallKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 17 of 291891UP ChurchBrecksShapinsayOrkneyScotland 
Item 18 of 29After 1891Established Church Manse North RonaldsayOrkneyScotland 
Item 19 of 29After 1891Established Church Manse ShapinsayOrkneyScotland 
Item 20 of 29After 1891Kirkwall Grammar SchoolKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotlandTwo extensions, c.4,000 each
Item 21 of 29After 1891Old Parish ChurchEvieMainlandOrkneyScotlandRestoration and additions
Item 22 of 29After 1891Parish ChurchHolmMainlandOrkneyScotlandRestoration
Item 23 of 29After 1891Parish ChurchBirsayMainlandOrkneyScotlandRestoration
Item 24 of 29After 1891St Andrews Parish ChurchTankernessMainlandOrkneyScotlandRestoration
Item 25 of 291896Holodyke HouseDounby (near)MainlandOrkneyScotlandAlterations
Item 26 of 291905Holland House North RonaldsayOrkneyScotlandTower in re-entrant angle and other additions
Item 27 of 291906Free Church North RonaldsayOrkneyScotland 
Item 28 of 291920Carter's Park housing developmentKirkwall OrkneyScotlandWith his nephew, Thomas Smith Peace Junior
Item 29 of 291923Sea-Plane Station, ScapaKirkwallMainlandOrkneyScotlandConverted into hospital


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 1Burgher, Leslie1991Orkney: an illustrated architectural guide  p5

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Builder28 April 1933v144 p704 - obituary of the younger Peace
Item 2 of 2RIBA Journal13 May 1933v40London: Royal Institute of British Architectsp558 - obituary of the younger Peace

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1H M Register HouseDeath Register