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Basic Biographical Details

Name: John Turnbull Maclaren
Designation: Architect
Born: 19 April 1863
Died: 20 March 1948
Bio Notes: John Turnbull Maclaren was born in Monifieth, Angus on 19 April 1863 (incorrectly given in some sources as 1864), the son of James Maclaren, architect, Dundee, and Jemima Margaret Miller. He was sent to unspecified offices in the United States in Boston and Philadelphia to gain experience, returning to Dundee on his father's death in 1893 to continue the family firm with his brother, George Gordon Maclaren.

After George Gordon Maclaren's death on 31 June 1899, John Turnbull Maclaren continued the practice as sole practitioner into the early years to the twentieth century but his American experience was not significantly reflected in the firm's buildings. The more ambitious designs of the later 1890s and early 1900s were known to be the work of Andrew Graham Patrick, born in Perth in 1864. He had been recruited as leading draughtsman from David Smart's office in Perth in 1894. He had attracted the Maclarens' notice by winning an open competition at Port Townsend, USA, but his fiancée had declined to emigrate with him. In 1908 Maclaren took Charles Geddes Soutar, born 1878, into partnership as Maclaren Sons & Soutar, a move which took the practice back into the premier league, the office now being at 10 Reform Street. With his white or cream suits and stylish boating hats Soutar brought a breath of fresh air to the practice, which had remained somewhat staid despite the recruitment of Patrick: a staff photograph of that time, now in the RCAHMS, well illustrates the difference between the partners, Maclaren being a portly figure in a sombre city suit.

In 1909 MacLaren was President of the Dundee Institute of Architects.

In 1920 the practice merged with J & F Salmond, a firm of civil engineers, land surveyors and architects based at 6 High Street, the firm now becoming Maclaren Soutar Salmond with John Turnbull Maclaren, Charles Geddes Soutar and William Salmond as partners. In 1921 Maclaren retired and Patrick was taken into partnership, but the name of the firm remained unchanged, the merged firms now moving to 15 South Tay Street.

Maclaren enjoyed a very long retirement, dying at the house he had built for himself, Whinsby, Abercromby Street, Barnhill on 20 March 1948. Although described in his RIAS obituary as 'always easily approachable,' in later years at least he was remembered by the Patrick family as somewhat humourless. He left the then very substantial sum of £75,123, and endowed an RIAS student scholarship.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 4ScotlandPrivate   
Item 2 of 410, Bank Street, Dundee, ScotlandBusiness Before 1908 
Item 3 of 410, Reform Street, Dundee, ScotlandBusiness1908 *1921 
Item 4 of 4Whinsby, Abercromby Street, Barnhill, Dundee, ScotlandPrivate1920  

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3James Maclaren & Sons18931908Partner 
Item 2 of 3Maclaren Sons & Soutar19081920Partner 
Item 3 of 3Maclaren Soutar Salmond19201921Partner 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 581893Balgay Industrial SchoolsBalgay DundeeScotlandDesigned by Patrick
Item 2 of 581893Gagie HouseGagie AngusScotlandInternal reconstruction and external embellishments following a fire
Item 3 of 581893House for Findlay on Seafield RoadBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 4 of 581894Cottage for James Gowans, SeafieldBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 5 of 581895Tenement on Gray StreetBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 6 of 581895The VineryBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 7 of 58c. 1895Ashley  DundeeScotland 
Item 8 of 58c. 1895Invermark  DundeeScotland 
Item 9 of 58c. 1895Redmyre  DundeeScotland 
Item 10 of 58c. 1895St Margaret's  DundeeScotland 
Item 11 of 581896Grove AcademyBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandSecond phase
Item 12 of 581896Houses on Whinnybrae and Queen Street CornerBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 13 of 581896Oakley PlaceBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 14 of 581896Tenement, Fisher Street and Gray StreetBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 15 of 581897Norma TerraceBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 16 of 581897One AshBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 17 of 581897Villa, 20 Camphill RoadBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 18 of 581898Dunblane Hydropathic InstitutionDunblane PerthshireScotlandNorth Wing
Item 19 of 581898Joint Free and UP ChurchWormit FifeScotland 
Item 20 of 581898Wormit Free ChurchNewport-on-Tay FifeScotland 
Item 21 of 581899West Free Church hallBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 22 of 581900Baldovan Institution  DundeeScotlandFurther complex of buildings to north
Item 23 of 581900Mission ChurchCarnoustie AngusScotland 
Item 24 of 581900St Bride's ChapelPanbride AngusScotland 
Item 25 of 58c. 1900WhinsbyBarnhill, Broughty Ferry DundeeScotlandFor himself
Item 26 of 581901Barnhill CemeteryNernhill DundeeScotlandBuildings and walls
Item 27 of 581902Villa at ForthillBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 28 of 581903Red RoofsBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 29 of 58190511 Tally Street  DundeeScotlandDesigned by Patrick
Item 30 of 581907Villa for John Whytock  DundeeScotland 
Item 31 of 581908Caxton House Printing Premises  DundeeScotland 
Item 32 of 581909South Church HallsMonifieth Angus  
Item 33 of 581909Terrace with shops, Gray StreetBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandShopfront and attic added
Item 34 of 581909TighnamuirinMonifieth AngusScotlandMotor House
Item 35 of 581909Tillyloss  DundeeScotland 
Item 36 of 581910CraigiebarnsWest Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 37 of 581910Grove AcademyBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandAddition
Item 38 of 581910Kinloch HouseMeigle PerthshireScotlandAlterations - new wing, new stairhall within service court, new entrance, general remodelling of interior- also probably lodge
Item 39 of 581911Murroes and Tealing Parish Church Hall and LibraryTealing AngusScotland 
Item 40 of 581911The KnollWest Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 41 of 581911Wester KinlochAmulree PerthshireScotlandDesign for dining room panelling
Item 42 of 581912BenholmForfar AngusScotlandAdditions
Item 43 of 581912School for Physically and Mentally Defective ChildrenDownfield DundeeScotlandCompetition design
Item 44 of 581912St Margaret's ManseBarnhill DundeeScotland 
Item 45 of 581912White ThornsWest Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 46 of 581913Broadcroft  DundeeScotland 
Item 47 of 581913East UF Church HallBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 48 of 581913Fairmuir Special SchoolFairmuir DundeeScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 49 of 581913Noranside SanatoriumNoranside AngusScotland 
Item 50 of 581914Offices, Hillside Works  DundeeScotlandReconstruction
Item 51 of 581915St Joseph's RC School  DundeeScotlandWon competition and secured job
Item 52 of 581919ChellwoodMonifieth AngusScotlandAddition of billiard room
Item 53 of 581919Logie Housing Scheme  DundeeScotlandDesigned some areas within Logie.
Item 54 of 581919Royal Insurance Company offices  DundeeScotland 
Item 55 of 581919Royalty Cinema  DundeeScotland 
Item 56 of 581920Fairmuir Special SchoolFairmuir DundeeScotlandAdditions
Item 57 of 581920Meigle Cottage HospitalMeigle PerthshireScotland 
Item 58 of 581929Francis Stevenson and Sons Limited Premises  DundeeScotlandAlterations

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Dundee Yearbook1893   James Maclaren obituary
Item 2 of 2www.familysearch.org www.familysearch.org Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-Day Saints: Website 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Builder2 April 1948  Obituary p399
Item 2 of 3RIAS QuarterlyAugust 1948no 73Royal Incorporation of Architects in Scotland (RIAS)Obituary
Item 3 of 3Scotsman22 March 1948  obituary p3

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 3National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNMRS Manuscripts Family tree
Item 2 of 3National Monuments Record of Scotland/NMRS, RCAHMSNMRS Photographic Archive Photograph with staff Acc No 1998/132 (D21000)
Item 3 of 3Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Personal information from William Salmond, William Patrick, James McIntosh Patrick, Ann Patrick, Stuart O Barron, Peter Young and Ian Gordon Lindsay

Images

© All rights reserved. The Builders'> 

© All rights reserved. The Builders' Journal & Architectural Engineer [London], Vol. 30, 31 December 1909, page 618.