© All rights reserved. Building News 21 March 1890 

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Basic Biographical Details

Name: Leonard Aloysius Scott Stokes
Designation: Architect
Born: 1858
Died: 25 December 1925
Bio Notes: Leonard Aloysius Scott Stokes was born at Southport, Lancashire in 1858, the son of a Roman Catholic barrister Scott Nasmyth Stokes who was chief inspector of schools. Stokes's eldest brother was a painter Adrian Scott Stokes RA, and his youngest was Sir Wilfred Stokes, inventor of the Stokes gun; his uncle was S N Stokes, a founder member of The Cambridge Camden Society, who had converted to Catholicism.

The Stokes family moved to London where Stokes was articled to the Roman Catholic church architect Samuel Joseph Nicholl of Kentish Town in 1874 for three years. In 1877 he moved to the office of James Gandy a London architect who was also Street's quantity surveyor, followed by a year as clerk-of-works at Christ Church Cathedral Dublin and a period in George Edmund Street's office as an assistant. Thereafter he entered the RA Schools in 1878 and was briefly in the offices of Piers St Aubyn, Thomas Edward Collcutt and Bodley & Garner before commencing independent practice at 13 Holland Street, Kensington in January 1850. In the same year he won the Pugin Studentship which enabled him to travel in Germany in 1881 and Italy with Walter Millard in 1882. He was admitted ARIBA on 9 January of the latter year his proposers being Street (who had died on 18 December) St Aubyn and Spiers.

The practice was very successful from 1883 onwards, mainly with Roman Catholic Church work, and moved to 31 Spring Gardens where it remained until 1901 when it moved to 2 Great Smith Street, Westminster. Stokes was President of the Architectural Association 1889-92 and was admitted FRIBA on 16 June 1890, his proposers being Collcutt, Alfred Waterhouse and Aston Webb whose outlook as an imaginative freestyle designer was similar to his own. In 1898 Stokes married Edith Gaine, daughter of the General Manager of the National Telephone Company and between 1898 and 1911 when the company was compulsorily acquired by the Post Office as a result of a legal judgement, Stokes built twenty telephone exchanges of which three were in Scotland, all highly original variations on English Renaissance themes.

Stokes was awarded the Medaille d'Argent at the Paris Exhibition of 1900 and was President of the RIBA 1910-12. In 1915 he was severely affected by paralysis. His practice was continued by George Drysdale. Born 1851, Drysdale had been articled to Stokes 1903-05, followed by six months with Sir Ernest George. Thereafter Drysdale had attended the Ecole des Beaux-Arts for fifteen months winning the Pugin studentship in 1906 and the Tite Prize and the Soane Medallion in 1908. He passed the qualifying exam in 1910 and was admitted ARIBA on 27 March 1911, his proposers being Stokes, James Sivewright Gibson and Henry Thomas Hare.

Stokes was Royal Gold Medallist in 1919. He died in London on 25 December 1925. The practice having passed out of his control before his son David was old enough, David became the Aberdeen partner of Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 513, Holland Street, Kensington, London, EnglandBusiness1880After 1890 
Item 2 of 531, Spring Gardens, London, EnglandPrivate(?)1883 *  
Item 3 of 53, Prince's Street, Storey's Gate, London, EnglandBusinessBefore 1892After 1900 
Item 4 of 52, Great Smith Street, Westminster, London, EnglandBusinessBefore 1901After 1914 
Item 5 of 517, Buckingham Street, London, EnglandBusiness1923 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 6Samuel Joseph Nicholl18741877Apprentice 
Item 2 of 6James Gandy1877 Assistant 
Item 3 of 6George Edmund Street1878 Assistant 
Item 4 of 6Bodley & GarnerAfter 1878 Assistant 
Item 5 of 6Thomas Edward CollcuttAfter 1878 Assistant 
Item 6 of 6James Piers St AubynAfter 1878 Assistant 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 9William Weir1889 Assistant 
Item 2 of 9Edwin Alfred RickardsAfter 18901896Assistant 
Item 3 of 9Thomas Geoffry Lucas (or Geoffry Lucas)After 1891Before 1899Assistant 
Item 4 of 9Thomas Arthur SladdinBefore 18961896Assistant 
Item 5 of 9James Hervey Rutherford19001901Assistant(?) 
Item 6 of 9David MilneAfter 1902Before 1908Assistant 
Item 7 of 9(Sir) Albert Edward Richardson19031904Assistant 
Item 8 of 9David SmithEarly 1903Late 1903Draughtsman 
Item 9 of 9Basil Ionides1904 or 1905Before 1908Assistant 


RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 6Thomas Edward Collcutt16 June 1890for Fellowship
Item 2 of 6Richard Phené Spiers9 January 1882for Associateship
Item 3 of 6James Piers St Aubyn9 January 1882for Associateship
Item 4 of 6George Edmund Street9 January 1882for Associateship
Item 5 of 6Alfred Waterhouse16 June 1890for Fellowship
Item 6 of 6Aston Webb16 June 1890for Fellowship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 16Detmar Jellings Blow3 December 1906for Fellowship
Item 2 of 16Alfred Cox5 June 1905for Fellowship
Item 3 of 16Hugh Alexander Dalrymple4 March 1907for Associateship
Item 4 of 16Charles Turnbull Ewing4 July 1910for Licentiateship
Item 5 of 16George McLean Ford21 November 1892for Associateship
Item 6 of 16James Glen Sivewright Gibson2 May 1902for Fellowship
Item 7 of 16Thomas Geoffry Lucas (or Geoffry Lucas)4 December 1899for Associateship
Item 8 of 16Thomas Geoffry Lucas (or Geoffry Lucas)27 March 1911for Fellowship
Item 9 of 16Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie3 March 1913for Fellowship
Item 10 of 16David Barclay Niven5 March 1900for Fellowship
Item 11 of 16Robert Robertson20 July 1911for Licentiateship
Item 12 of 16Francis William Troup4 December 1899for Fellowship
Item 13 of 16James Irving Tweedie4 March 1907for Associateship
Item 14 of 16William Weir20 March 1911for Licentiateship
Item 15 of 16Herbert Hardy Wigglesworth5 March 1900for Fellowship
Item 16 of 16Walter Henry Woodroffe1906for Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 31901Central Telephone Exchange  EdinburghScotland 
Item 2 of 31907Western Telephone ExchangeHillhead GlasgowScotlandDesign - but with Colin Menzies as executant architect
Item 3 of 31908Telephone exchange  AberdeenScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 1British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914  Lists other sources


© All rights reserved. Building News 21 March 1890 

© All rights reserved. Building News 21 March 1890