Basic Biographical Details

Name: Thomas Rutherford
Designation: Architect
Born: 7 February 1882
Died: 30 November 1958
Bio Notes: Thomas Rutherford was born on 7 February 1882 in Cleish, Kinross-shire, the son of Thomas Rutherford, master joiner and his wife, Janet Reilly. He commenced his articles at the early age of fourteen in the office of T Hyslop Ure of Dunfermline, and remained for a year as assistant after completing his apprenticeship. He then spent a year 'at competition work in Glasgow & Edinburgh' before returning to Dunfermline to join Andrew Muirhead as assistant in 1904. Muirhead died in 1908 and Rutherford, by then his principal assistant, inherited the practice, continuing as sole partner under the new title of Muirhead & Rutherford as a token of respect for his former employer.

He was admitted LRIBA in late 1931, his proposers being George Donaldson Macniven, John Wilson and James Lochhead, and was elevated to Fellow at the end of the following year, proposed by Wilson, Robert Stirling Reid and Alexander Lorne Campbell. By that time he had carried out numerous housing schemes for county and burgh councils in Fife and Kinross-shire amounting to some 1000 houses in total, as well as villas, bungalows, cottages, tenements, schools and commercial premises.

Rutherford died from chronic bronchitis and heart failure on 30 November 1958.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 292, Victoria Terrace, Dunfermline, Fife, ScotlandPrivate1931 *  
Item 2 of 25, East Port, Dunfermline, Fife, ScotlandBusiness1931 *After 1950 

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5Thomas Hyslop Ure18961901 or 1902Apprentice 
Item 2 of 5Thomas Hyslop Ure1901 or 19021902 or 1903Assistant 
Item 3 of 5Andrew Muirhead1904Before 1908Assistant 
Item 4 of 5Andrew MuirheadAfter 19041908Chief Assistant 
Item 5 of 5Muirhead & Rutherford1908After 1937PartnerSole partner

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 6Alexander Lorne CampbellLate 1932for Fellowship
Item 2 of 6James LochheadLate 1931for Licentiateship
Item 3 of 6George Donaldson MacnivenLate 1931for Licentiateship
Item 4 of 6Robert Stirling ReidLate 1932for Fellowship
Item 5 of 6John WilsonLate 1931for Licentiateship
Item 6 of 6John WilsonLate 1932for Fellowship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 5William Black19 July 1937for Licentiateship
Item 2 of 5John Alexander Thornton Dickson16 May 1944for Licentiateship
Item 3 of 5Duncan Livingstone4 December 1933for Associateship
Item 4 of 5Jane Anderson Rutherford (née Welsh)21 October 1941For Associateship
Item 5 of 5Alexander Anderson Watson19 January 1943for Licentiateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 481905Northern HospitalDunfermline FifeScotlandExtended the original poorhouse building - as chief assistant to Andrew Muirhead and after Muirhead's illness/death was in charge of the job
Item 2 of 481905Shops and houses, Bridge StreetDunfermline FifeScotlandAs assistant
Item 3 of 481907CemeteryDunfermline FifeScotlandGate lodge and entrance lodge at new portion of cemetery
Item 4 of 481907Kelty Infant SchoolKelty FifeScotlandAdditions
Item 5 of 481908Burnside InnKinglassie FifeScotlandAlterations
Item 6 of 481908Houses for Mrs DickLochgelly FifeScotland 
Item 7 of 481908Property of Ex-Provost Laing, High StreetCowdenbeath FifeScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 8 of 48After 1908Bakery for Cowdenbeath Co-operative SocietyCowdenbeath FifeScotland 
Item 9 of 48After 1908Bruce's Bakery and Tea RoomsDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 10 of 48After 1908City Arms HotelDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 11 of 48After 1908Four housing schemes for Dunfermline District Committee  FifeScotland 
Item 12 of 48After 1908HotelHill of Beath FifeScotlandAlterations
Item 13 of 48After 1908Housing scheme for Cowdenbeath Burgh CouncilCowdenbeath FifeScotland 
Item 14 of 48After 1908Housing scheme for Dunfermline Burgh CouncilDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 15 of 48After 1908Housing scheme for Kinross County Council  Kinross-shireScotland 
Item 16 of 48After 1908Housing scheme for Kinross Town CouncilKinross Kinross-shireScotland 
Item 17 of 48After 1908Kelty Public SchoolKelty FifeScotland 
Item 18 of 48After 1908Kinross Public SchoolKinross Kinross-shireScotlandProbably completed in partnership
Item 19 of 48After 1908Shops for Cowdenbeath Co-operative SocietyCowdenbeath FifeScotland 
Item 20 of 48After 1908Shops for Mr W HodgeCowdenbeath FifeScotland 
Item 21 of 48After 1908Six Miners' Welfare Institutes  Fife?Scotland 
Item 22 of 481909Crown Tavern BuildingsLochgelly FifeScotland 
Item 23 of 481909House and Shop, Townhill RoadDundfermline FifeScotlandSole partner, Andrew Muirhead having died
Item 24 of 481909Shop and dwelling house, Townhill RoadDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 25 of 481911Licensed premises for H H PorterDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 26 of 481912Commercial buildings, 6-12 New RowDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 27 of 481912Gas offices and showroomsDunfermline FifeScotlandWon competition to secure job
Item 28 of 481912Parish Council Offices, MaygateDunfermline FifeScotlandWon competition to secure job
Item 29 of 481912Shops and houses, Bridge StreetDunfermline FifeScotlandRemodelled including new shopfront
Item 30 of 481913Warehouse for Fraser & CarmichaelDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 31 of 481915Kinema Picture HouseDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 32 of 481919Brucefield Housing SchemeDunfermline FifeScotlandTo design 30 three- apartment houses and 20 four-apartment houses
Item 33 of 48After 1919Post-War Housing Competition designs    Premiated competition design (but not winning design)
Item 34 of 481921Dunfermline AbbeyDunfermline FifeScotlandRepairs to roof of tower
Item 35 of 481922Local Authority Housing Scheme, Stenhouse StreetCowdenbeath FifeScotland16 houses
Item 36 of 481923Cowdenbeath Co-operative Society Premises, Broad StreetCowdenbeath FifeScotlandReconstruction
Item 37 of 481925Miners' Welfare InstituteLumphinnans FifeScotland 
Item 38 of 481928Dunfermline Cottage HospitalDunfermline FifeScotlandLarge new wing at rear of Priory House (built 1835) fronting New Row
Item 39 of 481928Pittencrieff Park, South East GatewayDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 40 of 481929British Linen BankSt Andrews FifeScotland 
Item 41 of 481931Forty houses for Fife County CouncilKelty FifeScotland 
Item 42 of 481932Dunfermline Cottage HospitalDunfermline FifeScotlandInfectious diseases wing (fever hospital)
Item 43 of 481932Housing scheme for Fife County CouncilCrossgates FifeScotland 
Item 44 of 481932Miners' Welfare InstituteAuchterderran FifeScotland 
Item 45 of 481932Miners' Welfare Institute, BowhillDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 46 of 481933Carnegie HallDunfermline FifeScotlandLinked to Music Institute which was adapted from house called Benachie.
Item 47 of 481934Dunfermline Maternity Hospital, St Leonards HillDunfermline FifeScotland 
Item 48 of 481937Queen's HallCharlestown FifeScotlandReconstruction

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2RIBA1939The RIBA Kalendar 1939-1940 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 
Item 2 of 2RIBA1950The RIBA Kalendar 1950-1951 London: Royal Institute of British Architects 

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2H M Register HouseDeath Register  
Item 2 of 2RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L no4001 (box 19); F no3064 (box 16)