Basic Biographical Details

Name: John Middleton
Designation: Architect
Born: 1820
Died: 1885
Bio Notes: John Middleton was born in York in 1820 and was articled to James Pigott Pritchett of York. He commenced practice in Darlington, but c.1854 he handed over the work in hand to Pritchett's son, James Pigott Pritchett Junior, who was his brother-in-law, and settled in Italy. In 1860 he returned to Britain and recommenced practice in Cheltenham, where he built Westholme, Overton Road, for himself in 1865. (A room from this house has been saved and reconstructed in the Bowes Museum). Middleton designed the Ladies' College there in 1876 and was admitted FRIBA on 3 January of the same year, his proposers being George Gilbert Scott, Edward Middleton Barry, and the younger Pritchett. He died in 1885.

In his later Cheltenham years, Middleton was assisted by his son, John Henry Middleton, who was probably responsible for the Glasgow work. Born in 1846 in York and educated at Cheltenham College and Exeter College, Oxford, the younger Middleton was first articled to his father then sent for experience to George Gilbert Scott's. He was admitted ARIBA on 1 March 1875, his proposers being Scott, Frederick Pepys Cockerell, and Pritchett. After his father's death he was appointed Slade Professor of Fine Art at Cambridge, 1886-1895, and in parallel appointed Art Director of the Victoria and Albert Museum, 1893, but died at 2 Museum Residences on 10 June 1896 as a result of an overdose of morphia.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 3Darlington, County Durham, EnglandBusinessBefore 1854c. 1854 
Item 2 of 3ItalyPrivatec. 18541860 
Item 3 of 3Westholme, Overton, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, EnglandPrivate1865  

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 1James Pigott Pritchett  Apprentice 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 4Robert James Johnsonc. 1847(?)1849Apprentice 
Item 2 of 4Francis Robert Newton Haswell18491854Apprentice 
Item 3 of 4Francis Robert Newton Haswell1854Before 1856Managing Clerk 
Item 4 of 4John Henry MiddletonAfter 1861c. 1866ApprenticeReturned to assist until 1885

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 1 4 Great Western Terrace  GlasgowScotlandGothic interior work


Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 6American Architect11 July 1896  J H Middleton
Item 2 of 6Builder20 June 1896  J H Middleton's obituary
Item 3 of 6Building News13 February 1890  Portrait of J H Middleton
Item 4 of 6Proceedings of the Soc. of Antiquaries of Scotland1897vol 16 pp360-161 (J H Middleton)
Item 5 of 6RIBA Transactions*  New series, p11
Item 6 of 6The Times15 June 1896  J H Middleton's obituary