Basic Biographical Details

Name: John Campbell Turner Murray
Designation: Architect
Born: 1861
Died: January 1933
Bio Notes: John Campbell Turner Murray was born in Glasgow in 1861 and educated at the Albany Academy, Glasgow. He was articled to James Salmon & Son in 1874 and attended Glasgow School of Art. In 1878 he moved to Edinburgh as an assistant in the office of Robert Rowand Anderson and remained there until 1882 when he returned to Glasgow as assistant to McKissack & Rowan.

In 1884 he moved to London as assistant to Arthur Cawston and remained with him until he died in 1894, their main work being the hospital for incurables at Streatham. Murray then took over the practice with an office at 21 Old Queen Street, Westminster. He secured the appointment of architect to the Admiralty Works Team for about five years from 1896, designing the huge Royal Naval Hospital at Chatham in conjunction with the Navy's engineer in chief Colonel Sir Henry Pilkington KG. Murray was also responsible for the Royal Naval Hospitals at Portsmouth and Gibraltar. He was admitted FRIBA on 6 June 1904, his proposers being William Forrest Salmon, Anderson and Henry Hare.

Sometime after that date Murray was briefly in partnership with another London Scot, James Murray Minty. Minty was born in 1857 and articled to T Farquharson, resident architect and engineer on the Macduff Harbour Works, in 1872. In 1878 he moved to Edinburgh to work for the School Board architect Robert Wilson, taking classes at Heriot-Watt College, and in 1882 moved again, this time to London to attend Professor T Roger Smith's classes at University College London. Shortly afterwards he began assisting in Smith's office. He passed the qualifying exam in April 1885. Minty's movements over the ensuing years are unclear but he commenced practice on his own account at Gray's Inn Square in 1894. In 1896-7 he was associated with C E Mallows on the design of the Granard Memorial Church in Putney. This association appears to have contin ued until about 1900 and they shared an address at 21 Old Queen Street, Westminster at this time. He was admitted ARIBA in mid-1901, his proposers being Smith, Arthur Cates, and the hospital specialist Alfred Hessel Tiltman. The partnership of J C T Murray & J A Minty had ended by 1914 when Murray had his office at 35 Old Queen Street and Minty at 35 Craven Street, Charing Cross.

Murray specialised in churches and suburban houses, his major works in private practice being Presbyterian churches at Bromley (Kent), Dublin, Guernsey and Singapore. He died in January 1933.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 621, Old Queen Street, London, EnglandBusiness1894After 1904 
Item 2 of 620, Old Park Avenue, Nightingale Lane, Clapham?, London SW, EnglandPrivate1904 *  
Item 3 of 6Admiralty/47, Victoria Street, London, EnglandBusiness1904 *  
Item 4 of 635, Old Queen Street, London, EnglandBusiness1914 *  
Item 5 of 612, Steep Hill, Streatham, London, EnglandPrivate1914 *  
Item 6 of 6118, Cannon Street, London, EnglandBusiness1923 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 7James Salmon & Son18741878Apprentice 
Item 2 of 7(Sir) Robert Rowand Anderson18781881Assistant 
Item 3 of 7Anderson & Browne18811882Assistant 
Item 4 of 7McKissack & Rowan18821884Managing Assistant 
Item 5 of 7Arthur Cawston18841894Managing Assistant 
Item 6 of 7Admiralty Works Department (Victoria Street)1896c. 1901Architect 
Item 7 of 7J C T Murray & J A MintyAfter 1904Before 1914Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 1William Frederick Howard19261927Junior AssistantFRIBA nomination papers say 'John Murray' - thought to be John Campbell Turner Murray

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 3(Sir) Robert Rowand Anderson6 June 1904for Fellowship
Item 2 of 3Henry Thomas Hare6 June 1904for Fellowship
Item 3 of 3William Forrest Salmon6 June 1904for Fellowship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 7Andrew Whitford Anderson16 June 1922for Fellowship
Item 2 of 7Rhoderic (or Roderic/Roderick) Cameron29 November 1926for Fellowship
Item 3 of 7John Alexander Carfrae27 February 1911for Licentiateship
Item 4 of 7George McLean Ford1 June 1908for Fellowship
Item 5 of 7William Wallace FriskinEarly 1914for Associateship
Item 6 of 7William Shanks24 June 1912for Licentiateship
Item 7 of 7John Girtrig Young29 November 1909for Associateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 51877Central Station Hotel  GlasgowScotlandAs apprentice to Robert Rowand Anderson
Item 2 of 51897Granard Presbyterian ChurchPutney LondonEnglandDesign exhibited- with C E Mallows
Item 3 of 51898St Andrew's Presbyterian ChurchBlackrock County DublinEireJointly with 'Forrester' probably Alexander Cunningham Forrester, though job is credited to Murray in his obituary
Item 4 of 51905Royal Naval HospitalChatham KentEngland 
Item 5 of 51912William Wallace MonumentElderslie RenfrewshireScotlandWon competition to secure job

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 6Academy Architecture1897 part 2 p3 (Granard Memorial Church, Putney)
Item 2 of 6British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914   
Item 3 of 6Graves, Algernon1905The Royal Academy of Arts: a complete dictionary of exhibitors and their works…1905-6London: Graves and Bell1900
Item 4 of 6Gray, A Stuart1985Edwardian Architecture: A Biographical Dictionary  p270
Item 5 of 6Who's Who in Architecture1914    
Item 6 of 6Who's Who in Architecture1923    

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Architect28 June 1905  Reference for Naval Hospital at Chatham
Item 2 of 3Builder20 January 1933v144 p128 - obituary
Item 3 of 3RIBA Journal11 February 1933v40London: Royal Institute of British Architectsp286 - obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers F v15 p26 no951 (microfilm reel 11)