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Basic Biographical Details

Name: (Sir) Giles Gilbert Scott
Designation: Architect
Born: 9 November 1880
Died: 8 February 1960
Bio Notes: Giles Gilbert Scott was born on 9 November 1880 at Church Row, Hampstead, the son of George Gilbert Scott II and his wife Ellen King Sampson. Because of his father's mental illness, and because he was sent as a boarder to Beaumont College, his acquaintance with his father was only slight. Along with his younger brother, Adrian Gilbert Scott, he was articled to his father's pupil and successor Temple Lushinton Moore, thereafter moving as assistant to the Catholic architect Thomas Garner prior to winning the Liverpool Anglican Cathedral Competition in 1903; because of his inexperience he worked initially in association with one of the assessors, Garner's former partner George Frederick Bodley. While their lady chapel, the first part built, was outstanding in every respect, relations with the more conservative Bodley became strained and were on the point of breakdown when Bodley died in 1907. Scott became sole architect thereafter, completely redesigning the scheme for the cathedral itself in 1910.

Scott's success at Liverpool brought many Roman Catholic and High Church Anglican commissions from 1905, two of which were in Scotland. From 1930 he was extensively commissioned to design university buildings in both Oxford and Cambridge, power stations and the architectural aspects of bridges; these showed Scandinavian classical modern influences.

Scott was admitted FRIBA in 1912, and elected ARA in 1918 and RA in 1922. He was knighted in 1924 and received the Royal Gold Medal in 1925 and the Order of Merit in 1944. He died in University College Hospital, London on 8 February 1960.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 27, Gray's Inn Square, London, EnglandBusiness(?)Before 1905After 1914 
Item 2 of 228, Tavistock Square, London, EnglandPrivate(?)1914 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2Temple Lushington Moorec. 1895c. 1900Apprentice 
Item 2 of 2Thomas Garnerc. 19001903Assistant 

RIBA

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 3Richard Edward Moira14 January 1935for Associateship
Item 2 of 3Alexander Robert Robertson26 February 1926for Fellowship
Item 3 of 3Antoine William Roques5 December 1927for Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 61854Episcopal ChurchSt Andrews (later, Buckhaven) FifeScotland 
Item 2 of 61903Liverpool Anglican Cathedral, second competition, second limited stage  LiverpoolEnglandWon competition to secure job; work guided by Bodley due to Scott's inexperience
Item 3 of 61929St Ninian's RC Church  EdinburghScotland 
Item 4 of 61930St Columba's RC CathedralOban ArgyllScotlandNew building
Item 5 of 61935Telephone box design    Won competition
Item 6 of 61947Forth Road BridgeFirth of Forth   As consultant architect and for design of administration block at S end

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 11British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914   
Item 2 of 11DNB Dictionary of National Biography   
Item 3 of 11Glendinning, Miles1997Rebuilding Scotland: The Postwar Vision, 1945-75  Tuckwell Press Ltdp26-7, p165, p168 Forth Road Bridge
Item 4 of 11Miles Glendinning, Diane Watters, David Whitham Docomomo Scotland Leaflet  p228 Image of Forth Road Bridge
Item 5 of 11Pike, W T London  p286 - portrait
Item 6 of 11Placzek, Adolf K (ed)1982Macmillan Encyclopedia of Architects New York: The Free Press/Macmillan Publishing Company 
Item 7 of 11Pride, Glen L1999The Kingdom of Fife2nd EditionThe Rutland Pressp7, p66
Item 8 of 11Reilly, C H1931Representative British Architects of the Present Day London: Batsford Ltdpp142-56
Item 9 of 11Stamp, Gavin1980Sir Gilbert Scott and the Scott Dynasty Londonpp48-53
Item 10 of 11Who's Who in Architecture1914    
Item 11 of 11Willis, Peter1977New architecture in Scotland  p6 Photograph of Forth Road Bridge

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 7Architect and Building News1960v217 pp511-16
Item 2 of 7Architectural Design1979v49, no10/11 pp72-83
Item 3 of 7Architectural Review1960v127 pp424-6
Item 4 of 7Builder24 May 1946  p498
Item 5 of 7Builder21 March 1947  p263 [perspective drawing]
Item 6 of 7Builder16 February 1960v198 p345
Item 7 of 7RIBA JournalApril 1960v67London: Royal Institute of British Architectspp193-4 & 221-2

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers F v21 no1468 (mostly missing)

Images

© All rights reserved.  National Portrait Gallery, London 

© All rights reserved. National Portrait Gallery, London