Basic Biographical Details

Name: Stuart Russell Matthew
Designation: Architect
Born: 27 June 1912
Died: 13 May 1996
Bio Notes: Stuart Russell Matthew was born on 27 June 1912, the youngest son of architect John Fraser Matthew and his wife Annie Broadfoot Hogg, at 30 Mayfield Terrace in Edinburgh. He was educated at the Edinburgh Institution, his schooldays being marred by pneumonia, diphtheria and a golfing accident, all of which permanently damaged his health. He attended Edinburgh College of Art (from October 1930 to 1937) and, according to his obituary, the Royal College of Art in London. He assisted in his father's practice of Lorimer & Matthew in 1934-35 and continued to assist there after passing the qualifying exam in June 1937. During these early years he travelled in northern Italy (September 1931 for three weeks) and in England, including Yorkshire, Lincolnshire, Cambridge, Oxford, Wells, Bath and the Cotswolds. He was admitted ARIBA on 4 April 1938, his proposers being Frank Charles Mears, John Wilson and Leslie Grahame-Thomson.

Stuart Russell Matthew shared his father's interest in fine craftsmanship; much of his practice was concerned with small-scale armorial work. He became his partner in January 1946.

While working together in 1950, both Stuart and his father suffered nervous breakdowns. For John Fraser Matthew, this was his second breakdown (the first being in 1926 as a result of the stresses of the Scottish National War Memorial project), and it sent him into semi-retirement. While working on a stressful project for a hotel at Bridge of Lochay in 1949-50, Stuart, in turn, had his own Ďcollapseí, leaving Robert and Douglas (without any arch training) to try to help their father keep the firm afloat. Stuartís partnership with his father was dissolved shortly thereafter, when John Fraser Matthew, having taken over the design work Stuart had done on the Thistle Foundationís housing for severely disabled ex-servicemen, insisted on changing Stuartís design. Stuart subsequently merged his practice with that of David Carr, the office being within Stuart Matthew's house at 14 Lynedoch Place. For about a year his father practised independently, finally retiring completely in 1952 when Stuart Matthew again took over his practice and completed such work as was still in hand. Matthew was elected FRIAS in 1958.

The partnership of Carr & Matthew was not an unqualified success because of Stuart Matthew's deteriorating health and was closed in 1959 when David Carr set up his own practice at 43 Manor Place. With his own practice ebbing away, Stuart Matthew took in work farmed out by his elder brother, Robert Hogg Matthew (born 1906), who had founded his own practice in 1953. After failing to make an effective contribution on larger projects, including development plans for Dundee University and Glasgow Royal College (later Strathclyde University), Robert provided Stuart with less urgent, small-scale or family-related projects, including work on Robertís office and flat at 31 Regent Terrace and the modest job of designing a modern front elevation for a rebuilding scheme for the Army and Navy Club at St James Square, Westminster.

In August 1963, Stuart suffered his most devastating nervous breakdown while working with Robert on the design for the reconstruction of Loretto School Chapel. This was followed by a period of voluntary confinement and electric-shock treatment in the Crichton Royal Hospital, Dumfries in 1963. After 1963, Robert effectively took over Stuartís office and most of his staff, and thereafter kept Stuart supplied with a succession of small jobs.

Alongside architectural odd-jobs, Stuart maintained a wide variety of interests. In 1963, he and Robert founded Keith Ingram Furniture, for which Stuart designed the shop in Rose Street, and with Robert, was initially responsible for designing ranges of prototype objects. In his later years, Stuart's interests became more varied, aiding in the establishment of St Maryís Music School, and by the late 1960s, setting up his own pop group and running a large antique shop from a property he owned in Belford Road, for a time in partnership with Nigel Coates. His last important undertaking was a book, 'The Knights and the Chapel of the Thistle', published in 1988. He died on 13 May 1996, survived by his wife Joan, leaving an estate of £1,743 5s 9d; his brother Robert had died much earlier, on 21 June 1975.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 343, Minto Street, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate1938 *  
Item 2 of 314, Lynedoch Place, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate/businessBefore 1950After 1964 
Item 3 of 33, Randolph Cliff, Edinburgh, ScotlandPrivate1958 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3Lorimer & Matthew19341935Assistant(?) 
Item 2 of 3Lorimer & Matthewc. 1937c. 1950Assistant 
Item 3 of 3Carr & Matthew19501959Partner 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 3(Sir) Frank Charles Mears4 April 1938for Fellowship
Item 2 of 3Leslie Grahame Thomson (or Leslie Grahame-Thomson; later Leslie Grahame MacDougall)4 April 1938for Fellowship
Item 3 of 3John Wilson4 April 1938for Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 311930sUniversity of Edinburgh, King's Buildings, Students' Union  EdinburghScotlandAs assistant in family firm
Item 2 of 311931Earl Haig Memorial HomesSaughton EdinburghScotlandOriginal buildings and later alterations - as assistant in firm
Item 3 of 311933The WheatsheafSaughton EdinburghScotlandWorking in family firm - as assistant in firm
Item 4 of 311937Kirkcaldy Town HallKirkcaldy FifeScotlandCompetiton design - placed 2nd
Item 5 of 311937University of Edinburgh, Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons  EdinburghScotlandAdditions (including alterations to Hope Park UF Church for Dick Vet ) - as assistant
Item 6 of 311938Falkirk Royal Infirmary Nurses' HomeFalkirk StirlingshireScotlandCompetition design - placed second
Item 7 of 311945Thistle Foundation scheme with houses, hostel and medical centre  EdinburghScotlandWon the competition independently of his father in November 1945 with the assistance of his brother Robert
Item 8 of 311948Linburn House Estate, Housing for the BlindWilkieston MidlothianScotlandJob continued by Carr & Matthew
Item 9 of 311949Braille Printing Works, Craigmillar Park  EdinburghScotland 
Item 10 of 311950(?)Pinkie HouseMusselburgh MidlothianScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 11 of 311950Strathyre CottageCallander PerthshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 12 of 311951Broomridge SSHA housingStirling StirlingshireScotland 
Item 13 of 31After 1951Hopetoun cottages, Hopetoun estate  West LothianScotlandRefurbishment?
Item 14 of 31After 1951Hopetoun HouseAbercorn West LothianScotlandAlterations?
Item 15 of 31After 1951Hopetoun Mausoleum  West LothianScotlandRepairs?
Item 16 of 31After 1951Kirkcaldy Town HallKirkcaldy FifeScotlandFurther work?
Item 17 of 31After 1951Linburn House and other buildings on siteWilkieston MidlothianScotlandFurther work - job taken over from his father
Item 18 of 31After 1951R W Forsyth Ltd Department Store  EdinburghScotlandAlterations
Item 19 of 31After 1951Thistle Foundation, Robin Chapel  EdinburghScotlandJob continued by Carr & Matthew
Item 20 of 3119525 Western Terrace, Corstorphine Road  EdinburghScotlandPlans for conversion into two and three separate flats
Item 21 of 311952Meadowfield Housing Estate  EdinburghScotland 
Item 22 of 311953Astley Ainslie Hospital  EdinburghScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 23 of 311954Duddingston Primary SchoolDuddingston EdinburghScotland 
Item 24 of 311954University of St Andrews ObservatorySt Andrews FifeScotlandNew Observatory?
Item 25 of 311956Warriston Crematorium  EdinburghScotland[Glendinning, 2008]
Item 26 of 311957Astley Ainslie Hospital School  EdinburghScotlandAlso alterations to St Roque and Tyne Lodges
Item 27 of 311959Nairn Street and Boquhanran Road HousingClydebank DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 28 of 31Early 1950sCrawford's Restaurant  EdinburghScotlandConversion
Item 29 of 31Early 1950sFarm cottagesWinchburgh West LothianScotland 
Item 30 of 311960Army and Navy Club House  London Consultant
Item 31 of 311962Loretto School ChapelMusselburgh MidlothianScotlandStuart Matthew began the designs for the new enlargement, working with Robert Matthew, however due Stuart's poor health the project was taken over by RMJM in 1963.

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Glendinning, Miles2008Modern architect: the life and times of Robert Matthew RIBA Publishing 
Item 2 of 2Municipal Annual1964Scottish Municipal Annual1964-1965  

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Scotsman25 May 1996  Obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2RIAS, Rutland SquareRecords of membership  
Item 2 of 2RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers A no6730 (combined box 156)