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Basic Biographical Details

Name: George Edmund Street
Designation: Architect
Born: 20 June 1824
Died: 18 December 1881
Bio Notes: George Edmund Street was born at Woodford, Essex on 20 June 1824, the son of Thomas Street, a London solicitor and his second wife Mary Anne Millington. He was educated at Mitchan and at Camberwell Collegiate School, but in 1839 his father retired taking the family to Crediton, Devon. Early in 1840 he was sent to London to train as a solicitor but in May his father died and he returned to live with his mother first at Crediton and then at Exeter. He took lessons in drawing and painting from an uncle by marriage, Thomas Haseler, in Taunton, and studied the medieval architecture of Devon. In the spring of 1841 he was articled to Haseler's cousin Owen Carter for two years only followed by a further year as an assistant. In 1844 Street's mother went to live at Lee with her eldest son Thomas Henry, a solicitor in the family firm, enabling Street to seek experience with George Gilbert Scott and his partner William Bonython Moffat. While with Scott and Moffat, Street and his brother Thomas travelled and sketched extensively in Sussex, Lincolnshire, Northamptonshire, Yorkshire and Cumbria. In 1845 he joined the Ecclesiological Society to which he was to contribute papers from 1848 until 1863.

In 1847 while still an employee of Scott's Street was commissioned to design a new church at Biscovey in Cornwall. This was followed by other Cornwall commissions enabling him to set up his own office in London in 1849, but in 1850 through the influence of a client the Rev William Butler, the Vicar of Wantage, he was appointed architect to the Diocese of Oxford and moved office first to Wantage and then Oxford where in May 1852 he married Mariquita Proctor and took Edmund Sedding as assistant. The appointment of Philip Webb followed two years later in 1854.

In 1850 Street travelled in France the first of many visits to the Continent; and in the following year and again in 1854 he toured northern Germany and published in 'The Ecclesiologist'; and in 1855 he published the hugely influential 'Brick and Marble in the Middle Ages: Notes of a Tour in the North of Italy', based on his extensive tour there in 1853. In 1855-56 he entered the international competition for the new cathedral at Lille, coming second to Henry Clutton and William Burges, the executed building being an amalgam of the two designs concocted by a previously unsuccessful competitor based in Lille.

In 1856 Street returned to London and was appointed architect for the Crimea church in Constantinople, as the winning design by Burges could not be made to fit the site. His practice was essentially an ecclesiastical and collegiate one with commissions for churches as far afield as Paris, Vevey, Lausanne, Genoa and Rome until he was appointed architect for the London Law Courts in 1868 following an unsatisfactory competition in which he had been invited to take part. Street had particularly good connections in Yorkshire through the patronage of the Sykes family and in Aberdeenshire, initially through the Earl of Crawford & Balcarres's additions to Dunecht begun in 1867, although the Rev Frederick George Lee may have obtained a sketch design from him for St Mary's Carden Place, Aberdeen some years earlier. In the limited competition for St Mary's Episcopal Cathedral Edinburgh in 1872 his design was recommended by the assessor, Euan Christian, but the actual appointment went to George Gilbert Scott.

In 1861- 63 Street made a series of study tours of Spain which resulted in his major book 'Some account of Gothic architecture in Spain', published in 1865, but from about 1870 onwards the sources of his architecture were more English than continental and at Marlborough College he even experimented with 'Queen Anne' in deference to the original buildings there. Street was elected ARA in 1866 and a full Academician in 1871, becoming the Academy's Professor of Architecture in 1880. He was Royal Gold Medallist in 1874 and was appointed a Chevalier of the Legion d'Honneur in 1878. His last two years were, however, clouded by personal tragedy and official harassment from the First Commissioner of Works, Acton Smee Ayrton. His first wife died following a tour of France and Switzerland in October 1874; in January 1876 he married Jessie Holland, but the marriage only lasted eight weeks as she died of a fever during a study tour in Rome.

Street commenced his RA lectures in the Spring of 1881 but in the summer he began to suffer from severe headaches. He died of a stroke on 18 December of that year. The practice was continued by his son Arthur Edmund Street who published his lectures as an appendix to his Memoir.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 233, Montague Place, London, EnglandBusiness18561863 
Item 2 of 25, Russell Square, London, EnglandBusiness1863After 1870 

Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3Owen Browne Carter1841c. 1843Apprentice 
Item 2 of 3Owen Browne Carterc. 18431844Assistant 
Item 3 of 3George Gilbert Scott and William Bonython Moffatt1844 Assistant 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 16James Gandy  Clerk of Works 
Item 2 of 16John Dando SeddingAfter 1853Before 1874Apprentice 
Item 3 of 16Philip Speakman Webb1854 Assistant 
Item 4 of 16Edward Pearson Peterson18631865Improver 
Item 5 of 16Frank Darling1869Before 1872Assistant 
Item 6 of 16Edward Eldon DeaneAfter 18701878Assistant 
Item 7 of 16John Malcolmc. 18721874Assistant 
Item 8 of 16Frederick George Knight18731878Draughtsman 
Item 9 of 16Hew Maitland Wardrop (later Hew Montgomerie Wardrop)1874c. 1882Assistant(?) 
Item 10 of 16Edward John Dodgshunc. 1874c. 1874Assistant 
Item 11 of 16Walter John Nash Millard18751881Chief Assistant 
Item 12 of 16Leonard Aloysius Scott Stokes1878 Assistant 
Item 13 of 16Arthur Edmund Street18781881Apprentice 
Item 14 of 16Maitland Dalrymple Wardrop1879(?)1881(?)AssistantDates are definite but it is not certain whether it was Street's office in which Wardrop gained experience
Item 15 of 16George Arthur Hamilton Dickson18791881Apprentice 
Item 16 of 16Fredric Berkeley-Miller18811881Assistant 

RIBA

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 4Charles Buckeridge4 March 1861for Associateship
Item 2 of 4John Honeyman14 December 1874for Fellowship
Item 3 of 4John Oldrid Scott2 December 1878for Fellowship
Item 4 of 4Leonard Aloysius Scott Stokes9 January 1882for Associateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 71866Royal Courts of JusticeWestminster LondonEnglandWon competition to secure job
Item 2 of 71870St John the Evangelist Episcopal ChurchNew Pitsligo AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 3 of 71870St Mary on the Rock Episcopal Church and rectoryEllon AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 4 of 71872St Mary's Episcopal Cathedral  EdinburghScotlandRecommended in competition by assessor, Ewan Christian
Item 5 of 71876Haddo HouseHaddo/Methlick AberdeenshireScotlandChapel (including some fittings such as altar and candleabra)
Item 6 of 71877Dunecht House (including chapel)Echt AberdeenshireScotlandEnlarged and altered, including chapel
Item 7 of 71880St Andrew's Episcopal Church  AberdeenScotlandAddition of chancel

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 4British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914   
Item 2 of 4Brownlee, David B1984G E Street and the Royal Courts of Justice   
Item 3 of 4King, Georgiana Goddard1916Unpublished notes and reprinted papers Hispanic Society of America, no 100 
Item 4 of 4Street, A E1888Memoir of George Edmund Street, RA   

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 4Builder31 December 1881  Report of funeral (not obituary)
Item 2 of 4RIBA Journal11 November 1916 London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsBy Walter J N Millard pp13, pp17-24
Item 3 of 4RIBA JournalFebruary 1918 London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsBy Walter J N Millard p97
Item 4 of 4RIBA Transactionsbetween 1883 and 4  By A J Beresford Hope

Images

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