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Basic Biographical Details

Name: Henry Vaughan Lanchester
Designation: Architect
Born: 9 August 1863
Died: 16 January 1953
Bio Notes: Henry Vaughan Lanchester was born in London on 9 August 1863 the son of Henry Jones Lanchester and was articled to his father in 1879. Thereafter he sought wider experience in the offices of Frederick James Eedle, Thomas William Cutler and George Campbell Sherrin, taking classes at the Royal Academy Schools and the Architectural Association, gaining the Aldwinckle Travelling Studentship and passing the qualifying examination in 1888, and winning the Owen Jones Studentship in 1889-90. He was admitted ARIBA on 18 November 1889, his proposers being Cutler, Stephen Salter and Aston Webb. In 1896 Lanchester formed a partnership with James S Stewart and Edwin Alfred Rickards. Stewart, born in 1866, had also been in Sherrin's office and had studied at the Royal Academy Schools and had an equally distinguished record winning the Academy's Gold and Silver Medals. Edwin Alfred Rickards, born in 1872, was first articled to Richard John Lovell, but like Lanchester, he moved to Frederick Jones Eedles and after a spell with Dunn & Watson, also to Sherrin's where he renewed contact with Lanchester and met Stewart; from there he went to Leonard Stokes's office until invited by Lanchester to join them in partnership. The firm came into immediate prominence by winning the third premium in the Edinburgh North British competition and then in the following year by winning the Cardiff City Hall and Law Courts competition.

Stewart never sought admission to the RIBA and died tragically early on 3 August 1904, the firm then becoming Lanchester & Rickards. In 1912 Lanchester went to India to report on a site for New Delhi and the replanning of Madras and other Indian cities and acquired a large practice there. Rickards, who had suffered from indifferent health since a near collapse from overwork in 1913 looked after the London office. He volunteered for military service in 1916 but was invalided out after three months. He became seriously ill in 1919 and died in Bournemouth on 29 August 1920. Because of Rickards' illness Lanchester took Thomas Geoffrey Lucas into partnership in 1919 and in 1923 Lucas's former partner Thomas Arthur Lodge.

Lanchester died on 16 January 1953 in London. Lodge continued the practice under the existing name of Lanchester & Lodge.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 613, Bedford Row, London, EnglandBusinessBefore 1889After 1894 
Item 2 of 61, Vernon Place, Bloomsbury, London, EnglandBusinessBefore 1898After 1906 
Item 3 of 6Obermead, Weybridge, Surrey, EnglandPrivate(?)1906 *  
Item 4 of 647, Bedford Square, London, EnglandBusiness1914 *  
Item 5 of 6Lucknow, IndiaBusinessBefore 1920After 1930 
Item 6 of 619, Bedford Square, London, EnglandBusinessBefore 1923After 1926 

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 8Lanchester, Lodge & Davis  Partner 
Item 2 of 8Thomas William CutlerAfter 1884Before 1887Assistant 
Item 3 of 8George Campbell SherrinAfter 1884Before 1887Assistant 
Item 4 of 8Frederick James Eedlec. 1884Before 1887Assistant 
Item 5 of 8Lanchester, Stewart & Rickards18963 August 1904Partner 
Item 6 of 8Lanchester & Rickards3 August 19041920Partner 
Item 7 of 8Lucas & Lanchester19191930Partner 
Item 8 of 8Lanchester & Lodge1930(?)1953Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2James David Robertsonc. 1891 Assistant 
Item 2 of 2Leslie Gordon LunanFebruary 1921   


RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 9John Alexander Ogg Allan1915for Fellowship
Item 2 of 9Donald Dex Harrisonc. September 1932For Associateship
Item 3 of 9William Frederick Howard16 February 1943for Fellowship
Item 4 of 9William Archibald Park Jack29 November 1949for Associateship
Item 5 of 9Alfred Hugh Mottram4 December 1911for Associateship
Item 6 of 9Harry Sinclair Stewart20 March 1911for Licentiateship
Item 7 of 9Harry Sinclair Stewart4 March 1912for Associateship
Item 8 of 9Thomas Smith TaitLate 1913 or early 1914for Associateship
Item 9 of 9William Hardy Wilson1 March 19091For Associateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 31896North Bridge  EdinburghScotlandCompetition design - placed third for buildings flanking approach (100 premium)
Item 2 of 31897Town Hall  CardiffWalesWon design competition
Item 3 of 31910Usher Hall  EdinburghScotlandCompetition design - not placed but influenced Stockdale Harrison's revised design


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 1British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914   


© All rights reserved.  National Portrait Gallery, London 

© All rights reserved. National Portrait Gallery, London