Basic Biographical Details

Name: Richard Park
Designation: Architect
Born: 1842
Died: 10 May 1906
Bio Notes: Richard Park was born in Melrose on 4 October 1842, the son of John Park, builder, and his wife Rachel Hall who had been born in Galashiels or Lilliesleaf (Census records vary). John Park worked as a builder in Galashiels. His wife was a member of the Hall family (sister of John Hall and Robert Hall) who were builders and architects in Galashiels and who dominated the architectural and building scene in Galashiels through most of the 19th century.

It has been suggested that Richard Park may have been articled to Brown & Wardrop c.1858 as he superintended the alterations at Craichlaw House and supervised the building of Penninghame House in 1864-66. However in the Census of 1861 he is described as a mason and his father is a foreman mason and was possibly working for the Halls in Galashiels. In the mid-1860s Park married Euphemia Kinnell who was born in Melrose and who he probably met while he was in the Borders. When his eldest son John was born at 43 Carrubbers Close, Edinburgh in 1865 he was described as a clerk of works, and again as such in 1867 when his daughter was born. He does not appear in the 'Architect's, Engineer's and Building Trades' Directory' of 1868 but was described as 'Architect' in the 1871 census when he was living in Creebridge.

In 1873 he began the reconstruction of the Old Place of Mochrum for the 3rd Marquess of Bute. By 1876 he was sufficiently prosperous to build a house for himself in Albert Street (subsequently Albert Terrace), Newton Stewart and by 1880 he had taken what was probably a larger house at 25 Victoria Street (his father John Park who died on 18 October 1880 lived with his son latterly). The 1881 census shows seven surviving children, a housemaid and a cook.

Park died at Lynnwood, Newton Stewart, a house he had built for himself, on 1 May 1906 at the age of 64. He was described in his obituaries as a freemason and a 'staunch Conservative' whose 'services [were] in demand for building the best class of private residences'. He was buried at Minnigaff Parish Church where his memorial is still extant. His personal life seems to have been much affected by tragedy: one son died aged 20 months in 1872, an infant daughter in 1877, and another son, Stephen, was drowned in the River Cree in 1885 while using a temporary wire bridge for the workmen at Machermore Castle which his father was reconstructing.

The practice was continued by his son, Dave (David) K Park, born in Trinity, Edinburgh c.1865, whose announcement in the Galloway Advertiser & Wigtownshire Free Press on 10 May 1906 refers to his having experience in America (he left for New York on 6 August 1891 and described himself as a 'joiner' at that date), Ayr, Edinburgh and latterly in Newton Stewart as assistant to his father. No work by the son is known. He died early at Lynwood in August 1908, only two years after his father.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 3Lynnwood, Corvisel Road, Newton Stewart, Wigtownshire, ScotlandBusiness   
Item 2 of 3Albert Street (later Albert Terrace), Newton Stewart, Wigtownshire, ScotlandPrivate/business(?)1876 *  
Item 3 of 325, Victoria Street, Newton Stewart, Wigtownshire, ScotlandPrivate/business(?)1880 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 1David ('Dave') K Park)After 18801906Assistant 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 251873National Bank of Scotland, Newton Stewart BranchNewton Stewart WigtownshireScotlandPossibly Clerk of Works/executant architect for David MacGibbon, then architect to the Bank (Minutes unclear). Graham M Thomson, the bank's clerk of works also involved.
Item 2 of 251873Old Place of Mochrum  WigtownshireScotlandReconstruction from ruins. Also designed boathouse.
Item 3 of 251875Monument to the Earl of GallowayNewton Stewart WigtownshireScotland 
Item 4 of 251875SchoolPort William WigtownshireScotland 
Item 5 of 251876House, Albert TerraceNewton Stewart WigtownshireScotland 
Item 6 of 251876Penninghame SchoolNewton Stewart WigtownshireScotland 
Item 7 of 251877UP ChurchNewton Stewart WigtownshireScotland 
Item 8 of 251878Machermore Castle  WigtownshireScotlandRemodelling
Item 9 of 251878Monreith House  WigtownshireScotlandWest wing added
Item 10 of 251878Public HallGlenluce WigtownshireScotland 
Item 11 of 251878Reformed Presbyterian ChurchNewton Stewart WigtownshireScotland 
Item 12 of 251882Lochnaw Castle  WigtownshireScotlandProposed alteratins
Item 13 of 251884LynnwoodNewton Stewart WigtownshireScotlandFor himself
Item 14 of 251885The McMillan HallNewton Stewart WigtownshireScotland 
Item 15 of 251886Free ChurchPortpatrick WigtownshireScotland 
Item 16 of 251886Parish MansePortpatrick WigtownshireScotlandAlterations
Item 17 of 251888UP ChurchGlenluce WigtownshireScotlandUnsuccessful competition design
Item 18 of 251889Penninghame HouseNewton Stewart WigtownshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 19 of 251889Stoneykirk Free Church ManseSandhead, Gruesey WigtownshireScotland 
Item 20 of 251891Port William Free ChurchPort William WigtownshireScotlandRemodelling
Item 21 of 251892Corwar  AyrshireScotlandWing added
Item 22 of 251897Castle Douglas Cottage HospitalCastle Douglas KirkcudbrightshireScotland 
Item 23 of 251897Garrick HospitalStranraer WigtownshireScotland 
Item 24 of 251899Lochnaw Castle  WigtownshireScotlandAdditions
Item 25 of 251899National BankWigtown WigtownshireScotlandReported on purchase of premises and probably alterations

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Scotlands People Website Wills & Testaments  Wigtown Sheriff Court SC19/41/16 (will of Park's father)

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Galloway Advertiser and Wigtownshire Free Press3 May 1906  Obituary
Item 2 of 2Galloway Gazette5 May 1906  Obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 3Census records onlineCensuses  
Item 2 of 3H M Register HouseDeath Register  
Item 3 of 3Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Research by Annette Carruthers