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Basic Biographical Details

Name: Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott
Designation: Architect
Born: 23 October 1865
Died: 10 February 1945
Bio Notes: Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott was born on 23 October 1865 at Beard's Hill, St Peter's, near Ramsgate in Kent, the second of the ten children of Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott Senior and his wife Martha Waters. His father was Scottish with extensive sheep farming interests in Australia and his mother was of Huguenot descent. The family subsequently moved to Worthing where Baillie Scott was sent to school with a view to going to Cambridge University, but in the event his father sent him to the Royal Agricultural College at Cirencester in October 1883 with the aim of sending him out to Australia to look after the family interests there. He graduated in December 1885 with honours in science and drawing, but during a spell in London arranging his passage he decided to become an architect rather than a farmer. He was articled to Major Charles E Davis of Bath from 1886 to 1889, in which year he married Florence Nash and made a wedding trip to the Isle of Man. There he found employment with a local surveyor Frederick Saunderson who was planning a large housing development at Onchan. This was never realised but from 1892 Baillie Scott established a significant domestic practice which received extensive coverage in 'The Studio' from 1895. These resulted in numerous commissions by mail from clients all over England and a significant number from continental clients.

He moved his practice to Fenlake Manor, Bedford, in 1901, the year in which he won the Haus eines Kunstfreundes ('House for an Art Lover') competition, giving him a still wider European reputation for highly sophisticated arts and crafts houses. In 1905 the volume of business caused him to take on as assistant Arthur Edgar Beresford, born in 1881 near Alderley Edge, Cheshire, who had been articled to Massey Thompson in that town in 1895 and had remained with them as an assistant: according to Beresford's own account he was selected from a number of applicants because of his experience in restoring old houses.

In 1906 Baillie Scott spread his fame still wider by publishing 'Houses and Gardens', in which he illustrated his best work and set out his ideas on house planning and design with a marked emphasis on function and materials: it was followed in 1910 by 'Garden Suburbs, Town Planning and Modern Architecture' with Raymond Unwin. The timing of the publications was fortunate as in 1911 all his practice records were destroyed in a fire at the Bedford office.

In 1919 Baillie Scott re-established his practice in London in partnership with Beresford. Although to some degree modernised, his later houses remained faithful to the arts and crafts ideals and were the subject of a completely new and much larger 'Houses and Gardens' volume published in 1933.

The London office of Baillie Scott and Beresford was destroyed in the Blitz in 1941, together with all the later practice records. Baillie Scott died at Brighton on 10 February 1945.

Information on Baillie Scott and his siblings (courtesy of descendant Mr Hamish Wilson)

Katherine Helen Scott born 19.12.1864, married 14.06.1900 to Michael J. Tighe, died 1949

Mackay Hugh Baillie Scott born 23.10.1865, married 16.02.1889 to Florence K.
Nash, died 10.02.1945

Annie Martha G. Scott born 24.04.1867, married 1905 to Major Pritchard

William Samuel Scott born 1868, died 21.03.1959

Roderick Mackenzie Scott, born 1870 married 17.01.1903 to Hellen Llewelyn, died 25.04.1954

Evelyn Jane Mackay Scott born 1872, married 1916 to Harold B. Richings, died 25.02.1954

Georgina Barbara Maud Scott born 1875, died 18.11.1957

Mary Sarah Caroline Scott born 00.09.1877, married to Arthur Bridges, died 30.10.1954

Martha Jessie Scott born 1879, died the same year.

Esme Margaret Agnes Scott born 28.03.1881, married 1916 to J. Gilbert Harvey, died 01.06.1964

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 2Red House, Douglas, Isle of Man, EnglandPrivate18921900Built for himself
Item 2 of 2Fenlake Manor, Bedford, Bedfordshire, EnglandPrivate/business19011904 

Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3Charles Edward Davis18861889Apprentice 
Item 2 of 3Frederick Saunderson1889(?)1892Assistant 
Item 3 of 3Baillie Scott & Beresford19191941Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 1Arthur Edgar Beresford19051919Assistant 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 91892Red House  DouglasIsle of Manfor himself
Item 2 of 91899The White HouseHelensburgh DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 3 of 91900House for an Art Lover  GlasgowScotlandCompetition designs - second prize
Item 4 of 91902Sandford CottageWormit FifeScotlandOriginal building, in brick and thatch
Item 5 of 91909 or 1910Sandford CottageWormit FifeScotlandAddition of west wing
Item 6 of 91912Sandford CottageWormit FifeScotlandComplete reconstruction following fire: house roughcast with red tile roof
Item 7 of 91928Country house, Valley DriveLeslie FifeScotland 
Item 8 of 9c. 1933Proposed houseTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 9 of 91936Sandford CottageWormit FifeScotlandConsultant for alterations (T L Gray as executant architect)

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 6Baillie Scott, Mackay Hugh1906Houses and Gardens (Second edition, Woodbridge: Antique Collectors' Club, 1933) 
Item 2 of 6British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914   
Item 3 of 6Haigh, Diane1995Baillie Scott: The Artistic House London: Academy Editions 
Item 4 of 6Kornwolf, James D1975M H Baillie Scott and the Arts and Crafts Movement Baltimore and London: John Hopkins PressThis states that Baillie Scott was the eldest of fourteen children but this is incorrect. The error has been repeated in other publications.
Item 5 of 6Slater, John Gregory1995Mackay H B Scott: an architectural history   
Item 6 of 6Unwin, Raymond and Baillie Scott, Mackay Hugh1910Garden Suburbs, Town Planning and Modern Architecture   

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 4Builder16 February 1945  Obituary
Item 2 of 4RIBA JournalMarch 1945 London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsObituary p143 (by A Edgar Beresford)
Item 3 of 4The Studio1938  Article by John Betjeman
Item 4 of 4The StudioJuly 1945  Obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2Census records onlineCensuses  
Item 2 of 2Courtesy of Mr Hamish C Wilson, descendant of Baillie ScottInformation sent via 'Contact Us' on website Sent 16 December 2015

Images

© All rights reserved. RIBA Library Photographs Collection 

© All rights reserved. RIBA Library Photographs Collection