Basic Biographical Details

Name: Sutherland & George
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1907
Ended: May 1931
Bio Notes: George Sutherland was born in 1861 and was articled to Pirie & Clyne of Aberdeen in 1878 but transferred to Ellis & Wilson before completing his apprenticeship. He then moved to Glasgow where he served as draughtsman to an unspecified firm before commencing practice on his own account in Banff in 1884. By 1890 he had moved to 51 High Street, Elgin, where he was elected to the School Board and designed the towered H H Richardson-Romanesque Victoria School of Science and Art, evidently only one of several commissions as Honeyman had seen 'some creditable buildings' designed by him prior to 1894. At that date he had also received a commission for a mission hall in Aberdeen. Sutherland sat the qualifying exam in Glasgow in March 1894 and immediately sought admission as ARIBA, his proposers being John Honeyman, Arthur Cates and Lacy William Ridge. In his application he acknowledged his lack of travel abroad but stated that he had spent a good deal of time measuring Elgin Cathedral, Pluscarden Priory, 'some old Scotch castles' and 'old buildings in Aberdeen': He was admitted on 11 June of the same year. He entered into partnership with Louis Harper of Aberdeen at the beginning of 1896, and when in partnership with Harper, his one major commission was a large block in Bridge Street, the remainder being speculative housing, some of it for himself. About 1899 or 1900 Harper withdrew from the partnership and Sutherland continued as sole practitioner through 1900 and 1901 but at the beginning of 1902 he entered into partnership with James M Pirie. Pirie's relationship, if any, with John Bridgeford Pirie and his son Bridgeford MacDougall Pirie is unknown but he had commenced practice c.1899/1900, and had designed a couple of substantial houses by the time of the partnership.

The partnership with Pirie ended in 1907 when Sutherland went into partnership with Clement George. George had been born on 21 July 1879, the son of Provost George of Macduff, and had been educated at Macduff Public School. He had arrived in Aberdeen as a young man and served his apprenticeship with Alexander Marshall Mackenzie, attending Robert Gordon's College and Aberdeen Art School. He had remained with the Mackenzies as assistant thereafter (perhaps spending some time in the Mackenzies' London office as he and Mackenzie's son Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie became close friends), until joining Sutherland in partnership.

George was a specialist in cinema design. He planned housing schemes at Aberdeen, Buckie, Macduff, Kintore and other towns in the north of Scotland. He was also responsible for work for the Northern Co-operative Society, shops in Aberdeen and planned many auction marts between Aberdeen and Dingwall.

Sutherland died in 1927, and George carried on the practice on his own account until May 1931 when he became a partner in the firm of A Marshall Mackenzie Son & George. He was elected FRIBA in 1925, was Fellow of the RIAS, and a President of the Aberdeen Society of Architects from 1927 to 1929.

George died suddenly on 23 February 1932, survived by his widow and daughter.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 326, Crown Street, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusinessBefore 1911 *After 1926 
Item 2 of 312, East Church Street, Buckie, Banffshire, ScotlandBusinessc. 1916 *  
Item 3 of 337, Dee Street, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusinessBefore 1929After 1930 

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 8George Sutherland19071927Partner 
Item 2 of 8Clement George1907May 1931Partner 
Item 3 of 8John Gibb Marr1 June 19071 June 1912Apprentice 
Item 4 of 8Robert Horn Morrison19161918Apprentice 
Item 5 of 8William Sherriffs Joss16 April 19191924Apprentice 
Item 6 of 8John Yeats21 October 1919After 1921Assistant 
Item 7 of 8Horace Athelstone Woulfe KnightJune 1923May 1926Apprentice 
Item 8 of 8Ian Hastings McLarenJanuary 19241926Apprentice 

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 40 Prudential Assurance Company building  AberdeenScotlandActing as superintending architects according to Building News
Item 2 of 40After 1907Anderson'sBallater AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions
Item 3 of 40After 1907Banchory Post OfficeBanchory Aberdeenshire/KincardineshireScotland 
Item 4 of 40After 1907Bannochie House  AberdeenScotland 
Item 5 of 40After 1907Insch Public SchoolInsch AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions
Item 6 of 40After 1907Macduff Public SchoolMacduff BanffshireScotlandAdditions
Item 7 of 40After 1907Yarrows HouseBallater AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 8 of 401908Villa, 57 Rubislaw Den South  AberdeenScotland 
Item 9 of 401909Duff House (proposed hotel scheme)  BanffshireScotland 
Item 10 of 401909Roller Skating Rink  AberdeenScotland 
Item 11 of 401909Villa, Queen's Road  AberdeenScotlandRear wing extension
Item 12 of 401910Bracoden Public SchoolBracoden BanffshireScotlandAdditions
Item 13 of 401910Infant SchoolGardenstown BanffshireScotland 
Item 14 of 401910Old Deer Public SchoolOld Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 15 of 401912Portessie Hall for Rathven ChurchBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 16 of 401914La Scala Cinema  AberdeenScotland 
Item 17 of 401914Post officeBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 18 of 401916The Casino  AberdeenScotland 
Item 19 of 401918Columbus Offices Commercial Quay  AberdeenScotland 
Item 20 of 401920The Picture HouseFraserburgh AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 21 of 40Before 1923Aberdeen Picture Playhouse  AberdeenScotland 
Item 22 of 40Before 1923Insurance offices, 220 Union Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 23 of 40Before 1923The Picture HouseBanff BanffshireScotland 
Item 24 of 40Before 1923Torry Picture HouseTorry AberdeenScotland 
Item 25 of 401925Bungalow for J Corbett, Whitehall Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 26 of 401925Bungalow for W Ferrier, Anderson Drive  AberdeenScotland 
Item 27 of 401925Dunrobin, Rubislaw Den South  AberdeenScotland 
Item 28 of 401925James Shepherd and Son Warehouse  AberdeenScotland 
Item 29 of 401925Royal Bank of ScotlandKeith BanffshireScotland 
Item 30 of 401926Elgin Picture HouseElgin MorayshireScotland 
Item 31 of 401926Torry Picture HouseTorry AberdeenScotlandReconstruction
Item 32 of 401927Villa, Rubislaw Den North  AberdeenScotland 
Item 33 of 40Before 1927(?)Housing scheme, Aberdeen  AberdeenScotlandExact date unknown; unclear whether by Clement George alone or in partnership
Item 34 of 40Before 1929Royal Bank of Scotland  AberdeenScotland 
Item 35 of 40Before 1929Wales Street Picture House  AberdeenScotland 
Item 36 of 40Before 1932Auction MartDingwall Ross and CromartyScotland 
Item 37 of 40Before 1932Housing Scheme, BuckieBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 38 of 40Before 1932Housing scheme, KintoreKintore AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 39 of 40Before 1932Housing Scheme, MacduffMacduff BanffshireScotland 
Item 40 of 40Before 1932Northern Co-operative Society Buildings  AberdeenScotland 

References

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architectural practice:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 4Banffshire Advertiser8 April 1915   
Item 2 of 4Banffshire Advertiser16 March 1916  p6
Item 3 of 4Builder18 February 1927  Obituary of Sutherland
Item 4 of 4RIBA Journal20 April 1932 London: Royal Institute of British ArchitectsObituary of George