Basic Biographical Details

Name: Whyte & Galloway
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1906
Ended: c. 1937
Bio Notes: James Balderston Whyte was born on 5 April 1882, probably in Paisley, the son of Robert Alexander Whyte, builder and Anna Clark Balderston. He was articled to Macwhannell & Rogerson of Glasgow in 1898, studying at Paisley School of Design, Glasgow & West of Scotland Technical College and Glasgow School of Art (1898-99, as James Whyte). On completion of his apprenticeship in 1904, by which time he had made study visits to England and mainland Europe, he was placed in charge of Macwhannell & Rogerson's branch office in Barrhead, from where he carried out Renfrewshire Combination Poorhouse, Neilston Parish School and made competition designs for Dalziel Parish Combination Poorhouse. In 1906 he set up practice at 121 Bath Street, Glasgow in partnership with William Gordon Galloway (born 7 May 1880, the son of James Jack Galloway, civil engineer and his wife Mary Gilmour), who had likewise been articled to Macwhannell & Rogerson and had studied at Glasgow School of Art and Technical College but had commenced his training two years later than Whyte, which gave him the benefit of studying under Eugène Bourdon. By this time Galloway had visited the principal towns in France and Italy.

Whyte and Galloway were both admitted LRIBA in March 1911, their proposers being Macwhannell, Rogerson and Andrew Graham Henderson, also from Macwhannell and Rogerson's office, who had passed the qualifying exam in 1909. Whyte & Galloway were architects to the episcopal diocese of Glasgow from about 1922 and were responsible for their suburban extension programme in the 1920s and 1930s. The earlier churches were in a modernist red sandstone lancet style, the later ones brick romanesque. Their commercial buildings were quite bold Art Deco, those for Claud Alexander - their main client - having faience facades.

Around 1937 an assistant, William Nicol, became a partner, the practice title changing to Whyte Galloway & Nicol, and shortly thereafter to Whyte & Nicol after Galloway withdrew.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 2121, Bath Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1906After 1932 
Item 2 of 231, North Frederick Street, Glasgow, Scotland 1948 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3James Balderston Whyte1906c. 1937Partner 
Item 2 of 3William Gordon Galloway1906c. 1937Partner 
Item 3 of 3William NicolBefore 1931c. 1937Assistant 

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 44After 1906ClaremontPaisley RenfrewshireScotlandAdditions
Item 2 of 44After 1906Clock TowerMillportGreat CumbraeButeScotland 
Item 3 of 44After 1906CottagesClarkston GlasgowScotland 
Item 4 of 44After 1906CottagesDalmuir DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 5 of 44After 1906Dwellings for workmenDalmuir DunbartonshireScotland 
Item 6 of 44After 1906Glasgow and West of Scotland Garden City  Glasgow?ScotlandCommended design
Item 7 of 44After 1906HazelbankMillportGreat CumbraeButeScotlandAdditions
Item 8 of 44After 1906HousePaisley RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 9 of 44After 1906Lanfine  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 10 of 44After 1906London WorksRenfrew RenfrewshireScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 11 of 44After 1906Offices for Messrs Crow, Harvey & Co  GlasgowScotlandReconstruction
Item 12 of 44After 1906Paisley Convalescent HomeWest Kilbride AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 13 of 44After 1906Paisley Industrial SchoolPaisley RenfrewshireScotlandSecond premiated design
Item 14 of 44After 1906Premises for Messrs R B Lindsay & Co  GlasgowScotland 
Item 15 of 44After 1906Thread Street UF ChurchPaisley RenfrewshireScotlandAdditions
Item 16 of 44After 1906Viewfield  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 17 of 441907Laighpark WorksPaisley RenfrewshireScotlandAddition
Item 18 of 441907Offices and stores  GlasgowScotland 
Item 19 of 441908Motherwell Parish Council OfficesMotherwell LanarkshireScotlandSecond premiated design
Item 20 of 441909Kibble InstitutionPaisley RenfrewshireScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 21 of 441910The Nineteenth Hole Public Bar with tenementRenfrew RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 22 of 441911DunardDarvel AyrshireScotland 
Item 23 of 441912Clydesdale Engineering Works  GlasgowScotlandAdditions
Item 24 of 441913Laighpark WorksPaisley RenfrewshireScotlandAdditions
Item 25 of 441913Picture Palace, Main StreetNewmilns AyrshireScotland 
Item 26 of 441922St Margaret's Episcopal ChurchNewlands GlasgowScotlandCompletion of chancel to Chalmers' design
Item 27 of 441923CapellePaisley RenfrewshireScotland 
Item 28 of 441924St Aidan's ChurchClarkston GlasgowScotland 
Item 29 of 441926Holy Trinity Episcopal Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 30 of 441929Georgic Restaurant  GlasgowScotlandComplete rebuilding
Item 31 of 441929Stow CollegeCowcaddens GlasgowScotland 
Item 32 of 441930Garnethill School  GlasgowScotland 
Item 33 of 441930St Oswald's Episcopal ChurchKing's Park GlasgowScotland 
Item 34 of 441931Picture HouseAuchinleck AyrshireScotland 
Item 35 of 441932SyplandWhitecraigs GlasgowScotland 
Item 36 of 441933Episcopal ChurchShettleston GlasgowScotland 
Item 37 of 441933Shawbridge Ham FactoryPollokshaws GlasgowScotland 
Item 38 of 441934Cinema officesShettleston GlasgowScotland 
Item 39 of 441934St Margaret's Episcopal ChurchNewlands GlasgowScotlandCompletion of tower omitting Chalmers' spire
Item 40 of 441934St Serf's Episcopal Church  GlasgowScotland 
Item 41 of 44Before 1935St Barnabas Episcopal ChurchDennistoun GlasgowScotland 
Item 42 of 44c. 1935Claud Alexander Building  DundeeScotland 
Item 43 of 441937Warehouse for Sloan & Co LtdKirkcaldy FifeScotland 
Item 44 of 441948(?)Factory, Murray Street  GlasgowScotland 

References

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architectural practice:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Builder2 January 1948  p24