Basic Biographical Details

Name: William Gauldie
Designation: Architect
Born: 1875
Died: 4 October 1945
Bio Notes: William Gauldie was born in 1875 at Kinnell, Angus, and educated at Harris Academy, Dundee. He was articled to a Dundee architect, William Mitchell, who had very little business. When Mitchell gave up practice Gauldie continued his apprenticeship with Charles and Leslie Ower whose chief assistant William Gillespie Lamond influenced his work strongly until well into the 1920s. At the end of his apprenticeship he spent a year in the architectural department of the iron founders and mill engineers Robertson Orchar who then supplied buildings as well as textile machinery.

In 1898 Gauldie opened his own practice at 23 Panmure Street, Dundee his first job being the Physical Laboratory at Dundee High School, where he had taken over from McCulloch. This was followed by the first of a long series of alterations and extension in High Street and Commercial Street for D M Brown, gradually forming the buildings there into a very large department store. Much of his early work consisted of ship interiors. The practice moved to 26 Commercial Street in 1905 and in 1908 (W.S. Gauldie) or 1909 (Bailey), Gauldie's cousin Robert Leuchars Hardie was taken into partnership. Hardie had trained with an untraced uncle in North Berwick and subsequently in Edinburgh. William Careless (or Carless), an assistant to the City Architect's Department, assisted in the evenings when the practice was too busy until his departure for Canada in 1911 or 1912.

Hardie died in 1924 and David Sharpe was taken on first as assistant and then from 1927 as partner. Born in 1877, Sharpe had been articled to James Graham Fairley from 1892 to 1896 and had attended Heriot-Watt College, thereafter working as assistant to Peter Whitecross of Prestonpans from 1896 to 1898, and to Alexander Wood Macnaughtan in Edinburgh until Macnaughtan's death in 1911. In that year he moved to Dundee, working as an assistant in the office of Thomas Martin Cappon, perhaps with a view to partnership or commencing independent practice, as he was admitted LRIBA in 1912. He secured the appointment of Master of Works to Dundee Parish Council in 1920, remaining in that post until joining Gauldie.

Sharpe died in December 1933, having been responsible for the new block at Mayfield Hostel and for the Masonic Hall in Tay Street (he was a prominent freemason). Gauldie continued as sole partner under the existing name of Gauldie & Sharpe until c.1938 when he took Arthur Wright into partnership.

Gauldie died on 4 October 1945. His son William Sinclair Gauldie, born on 29 December 1918 and trained with Frank Thomson, then took over the practice. The elder Gauldie left estate of £2,307 4s 6d.

William Gauldie was described by his son as being at his best when the commission called for 'ingenuity and economy in planning and construction… his services were much in demand for alteration work'. Part of his success was based on his engaging personality, a client of fifty years' standing observing of him that 'to know him even in some slight degree was to love him'. In his earlier years the Stirling architect and furniture historian John W Small was a close friend and for a time a partnership was considered. The firm's domestic work was in a pleasant Voysey-inspired style, the more ambitious houses having Lorimer derived details. Most of these were in and around Invergowrie from 1913 onward.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 3The Ha'en, Station Road, Invergowrie, Perthshire/Angus, ScotlandPrivate   
Item 2 of 323, Panmure Street, Dundee, ScotlandBusiness18981905 
Item 3 of 326, Commercial Street, Dundee, ScotlandBusiness1905After 1939 

Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5William Mitchell1892Before 1897Apprentice 
Item 2 of 5C & L OwerAfter 18921897Apprentice 
Item 3 of 5Robertson & Orchar18971898AssistantYear in Architectural department
Item 4 of 5Gauldie & Hardie1908 or 19091924Partner 
Item 5 of 5Gauldie Hardie & Sharpe19271945PartnerAs sole partner but retaining the name Gauldie Hardie & Sharpe

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 1David Sharpe19241927First Assistant 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 331898Physics Laboratory, Dundee High School  DundeeScotland 
Item 2 of 331899D M Brown's Department Store  DundeeScotlandMajor extensions and alterations
Item 3 of 331899Dundee High School  DundeeScotlandProposal for observatory dome 9 feet in diameter on school roof - not executed
Item 4 of 331902Market CrossCulross FifeScotlandNew shaft and head, and restoration of base - executant architect (J W Small was the designer)
Item 5 of 33190419 Lammerton Terrace  DundeeScotland 
Item 6 of 331907HouseLetchworth HerefordshireEngland 
Item 7 of 331908Rossleigh's premises  DundeeScotland 
Item 8 of 331908St Andrew's Hall  DundeeScotlandRemodelling of earlier building
Item 9 of 331909Interior fittings of SS Ardmore     
Item 10 of 331910Tannadice Park  DundeeScotlandpavilion
Item 11 of 33191112-14 Murraygate  DundeeScotlandReconstruction from eighteenth century house
Item 12 of 331911AuchoyleBarnhill DundeeScotland 
Item 13 of 331912Station CrescentInvergowrie Perthshire/AngusScotlandNos 7-13
Item 14 of 331914Office for Robertson Orchar, Brown Constable Street  DundeeScotland 
Item 15 of 331920Red Court, house, coachhouse, stable, lodge and laundryWest Ferry DundeeScotlandBilliard room wing
Item 16 of 331923Easter Mylnefield Estate  PerthshireScotlandLayout for feuing and several houses
Item 17 of 33192416 Station RoadInvergowrie PerthshireScotland 
Item 18 of 331924Station CrescentInvergowrie Perthshire/AngusScotlandNos 2-6 and 16
Item 19 of 331924Villa, 365 Blackness Road  DundeeScotland 
Item 20 of 33c. 1924Houses on Carbet Castle site, Camphill RoadBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 21 of 33192712 and 14 Station RoadInvergowrie PerthshireScotland 
Item 22 of 331927Terrace of villas, Norrie Street  DundeeScotland 
Item 23 of 331929Housing for Perth County Council, InvergowrieInvergowrie Perthshire/AngusScotland 
Item 24 of 331929Housing for Perth County Council, KilspindieKilspindie PerthshireScotland 
Item 25 of 331929Housing for Perth County Council, LongforganLongforgan PerthshireScotland 
Item 26 of 331929Housing for Perth County Council, PitroddiePitroddie PerthshireScotland 
Item 27 of 331930Hostel for Teachers' Training  DundeeScotland 
Item 28 of 331930Semi-detached villas, 47 & 49, 51 & 53 Monifieth RoadBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 29 of 33After 1930Carselea, Easter MylnefieldInvergowrie PerthshireScotlandAlterations
Item 30 of 331932Mayfield  DundeeScotlandNew block
Item 31 of 33c. 1932Old Bank Restaurant  DundeeScotland 
Item 32 of 331935D M Brown's Department Store  DundeeScotlandMajor extensions and alterations
Item 33 of 331938St Ninian's Episcopal Mission ChurchMid Craigie DundeeScotlandOn his own by this date though apparently still using the firm name

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Bailey, Rebecca M1996Scottish architects' papers: a source book Edinburgh: The Rutland Press 

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Builder17 October 1924  Obituary of Hardy
Item 2 of 3Dundee Advertiser21 December 1933  Obituary of Sharpe
Item 3 of 3RIBA Journal27 January 1934v41London: Royal Institute of British Architectsp316 - obituary of Sharpe

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Information from manuscript notes by William S Gauldie, made c.1954, and other recollections communicated verbally