Basic Biographical Details

Name: William Henderson & Son
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: Before 1853
Ended: 1899
Bio Notes: William Henderson, architect, wood merchant and valuer, was the elder brother of James Henderson and was educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen. Their father died in 1826, obliging James to discontinue his studies. For a time James was William's assistant and briefly his partner. The partnership had been dissolved by the time of the Disruption in 1843, whereafter they shared the patronage of the newly-founded Free Church between them, William designing approximately one hundred churches and manses, not all of which have been identified.

By 1853 his son William Low Henderson (born 1828 or 1829) had been taken into partnership, the practice becoming William Henderson & Son. Under this title, the firm carried out a large number of architisctural and building contracts from premises in Loch Street, Aberdeen. In later years the firm moved to Union Street, at which time the timber merchant's part of the business was discontinued and the practice more strictly confined to architectural and valuation work

From 1857 onwards the Hendersons were architects to the Union Bank in the north-east: the Union Bank had taken over the Aberdeen Bank in 1849 but that bank remained semi-autonomous within the Union Bank and retained a management in Aberdeen. The banks they built for the Union were nearly all in a very simple standard Georgian survival manner. About the time of the passing of the Education Act the firm were architects for a large number of schools in the north of Scotland, particularly in Orkney and Shetland. In the 1870's (and partly while Alexander Mavor was a partner is the business) the firm were architects for numerous buildings of a more public character, including the Morningfield Hospital, and Newhills Cottage Hospital. The firm were also architects for the Aberdeenshire County Council, and built a number of police-stations throughout the county. The Edinburgh Gazette (no.10322) of Tuesday 5th January 1892, p17, reveals that prior to 31st December 1891 there were two partners in William Henderson & Son, architects, Aberdeen: William Low Henderson and Alexander Mavor. Mavor left the partnership at that date, and began to trade on his own account from 211 Union Street, Aberdeen, while William Low Henderson continued as sole partner in William Henderson & Son, from 124 Union Street, Aberdeen.

William Henderson Senior died on 12 August 1872. From some time before 1892 there was an Arthur C Bruce in the firm. William Low Henderson died in June 1899. The practice continued under the name of William Henderson & Son after his death.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 2Loch Street, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusiness   
Item 2 of 2Union Street, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusiness   

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 4William HendersonBefore 18531872Partner 
Item 2 of 4William Low HendersonBefore 18531899PartnerPartner by 1857
Item 3 of 4Alexander Mavor1870s(?) AssistantLater partner
Item 4 of 4Arthur C BruceBefore 1892 AssistantLater partner?

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 1261847Ellon Free Church ManseEllon AberdeenshireScotlandMay have been responsible
Item 2 of 1261853Old Machar PoorhouseOld Machar AberdeenScotland 
Item 3 of 1261853Pitmedden HouseDyce AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 4 of 1261853Rubislaw Estate feuingRubislaw AberdeenScotlandTook over the construction of Albert Street from Matthews & Mackenzie
Item 5 of 1261854Corn Exchange  AberdeenScotland 
Item 6 of 1261854Corn Exchange, warehouse  AberdeenScotland 
Item 7 of 1261854Greyfriars Free Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 8 of 1261854Stockethill House and officesStockethill AberdeenScotland 
Item 9 of 1261854Warehouse for Northern Agricultural Company, Waterloo Quarry  AberdeenScotland 
Item 10 of 1261855Ellon Free ChurchEllon AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 11 of 1261855Loch Street soapworks  AberdeenScotland 
Item 12 of 1261855St Matthew's ChurchOld Meldrum / Oldmeldrum AberdeenshireScotlandNew chancel added
Item 13 of 1261856House at railway station, Bucksburn  AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 14 of 1261857Cairnfield Girls SchoolCairnfield AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 15 of 1261857Cruden ParsonageCruden AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 16 of 1261857Newhills ManseNewhills AberdeenshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 17 of 1261857Shed for Aberdeen Lime CompanyAlford AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 18 of 1261857Union BankCullen BanffshireScotland 
Item 19 of 1261857Union Bank of ScotlandInverurie AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 20 of 1261859Cults HouseCults AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 21 of 1261859Torry Free ChurchTorry AberdeenScotland 
Item 22 of 1261860Gallowgate Free ChurchGallowgate AberdeenScotland 
Item 23 of 1261860Kemnay SchoolKemnay AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 24 of 126c. 1860Union BankFochabers MorayshireScotlandHS attribution
Item 25 of 1261862Crathie Free ChurchCrathie AberdeenshireScotlandNew church
Item 26 of 1261862Kingswells Free ManseKingswells AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 27 of 1261862Mains of Clackriach, Old DeerOld Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 28 of 1261863Free Church Infant schoolsInverurie AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 29 of 1261863Greyfriars Parish Schools  AberdeenScotland 
Item 30 of 1261863Laurencekirk Parish ChurchLaurencekirk KincardineshireScotlandAlterations and repairs
Item 31 of 1261863Union BankBanchory KincardineshireScotland 
Item 32 of 1261863Union BankHuntly AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 33 of 1261864Free Church and Teacher's HouseStrathdon AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 34 of 1261864Kitchen Hill HouseOld Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 35 of 1261865Garvock School  AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 36 of 1261865Kincardineshire Combination PoorhouseStonehaven KincardineshireScotland 
Item 37 of 1261865Villafield Girls' School   Scotland 
Item 38 of 1261866Garvock ManseGarvock AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 39 of 1261866Glenbogie Cottage, AuchindoirAuchindoir AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 40 of 1261866New Maud PoorhouseMaud AberdeenshireScotlandSubmitted plans - rejected
Item 41 of 1261866Newhills Parish Church and Session HouseNewhills AberdeenshireScotlandSession house
Item 42 of 1261867Lumphanan Free ManseLumphanan AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 43 of 1261867Peterhead Police StationPeterhead AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 44 of 1261867Riddlehead SteadingRiddlehead, Warthill AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 45 of 1261867Upper Kirkhill SteadingOld Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 46 of 1261868Rutherford Free Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 47 of 1261869Lumphanan Free ChurchLumphanan AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 48 of 1261869Union BankBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 49 of 12618705 and 6 Carden Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 50 of 1261870House of Glenmuick with East lodgeBallater AberdeenshireScotlandHandled job for Peto
Item 51 of 1261870Union BankBallater AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 52 of 1261871Old Meldrum Police StationOld Meldrum / Oldmeldrum AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 53 of 1261871Union Bank of ScotlandLerwickMainlandShetlandScotland 
Item 54 of 1261872Houses at CulterCulter AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 55 of 1261873Schools in Gallowgate  AberdeenScotland 
Item 56 of 1261874Denmore School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 57 of 1261874Kintore SchoolKintore AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 58 of 1261874Old Aberdeen School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 59 of 1261874Rubislaw School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 60 of 1261874Woodside School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 61 of 1261875Ferryhill SchoolFerryhill AberdeenScotland 
Item 62 of 1261875Fraserburgh PrisonFraserburgh AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations
Item 63 of 1261875Huntly Police Office PrisonHuntly AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations
Item 64 of 1261875Loch Street Co-operative  AberdeenScotland 
Item 65 of 1261875Newhills Central SchoolNewhills AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 66 of 1261875Peterhead PrisonPeterhead AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations
Item 67 of 1261875Ruthrieston and Whitestripes School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 68 of 1261875Woodside School  AberdeenScotlandAlterations? Completion?
Item 69 of 1261876Auchleven SchoolAuchleven AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 70 of 1261876Cockmuir SchoolCockmuir AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 71 of 1261876Newbridge Distillery     
Item 72 of 1261877Bankhead (Stoneywood) Established ChurchBankhead/Stoneywood AberdeenScotland 
Item 73 of 1261877Paper Mill officeCulter AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 74 of 1261877Torry School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 75 of 1261878Union BankStromnessMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 76 of 1261878Westhill SchoolWesthill AberdeenScotland 
Item 77 of 1261880Mission Hall, Hardgate  AberdeenScotland 
Item 78 of 1261880Northern Co-operative MillMillbank AberdeenScotland 
Item 79 of 1261881Aberdeen and Northern Friendly Society  AberdeenScotland 
Item 80 of 1261881Granaries, Virginia Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 81 of 1261881Heathcot House lodge  AberdeenScotland 
Item 82 of 1261881Premises Bridge Street, College Street and Windmill Brae  AberdeenScotland 
Item 83 of 1261881Premises, King Street and Urquhart Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 84 of 1261882Drill Hall, North Silver Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 85 of 1261882House, Fonthill Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 86 of 1261882Morningfield Hospital for Incurables  AberdeenScotland 
Item 87 of 1261882Newhills Cottage HospitalNewhills AberdeenScotland 
Item 88 of 1261882Ogston's Warehouse  AberdeenScotland 
Item 89 of 1261884Bakery and flour stores for Northern Co-operative  AberdeenScotland 
Item 90 of 1261884Offices and store, Regent Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 91 of 1261885Imperial Hotel  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 92 of 1261886Houses and shops, George Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 93 of 1261886Ogston's Warehouse, Loch Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 94 of 1261886Premises, Holburn Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 95 of 1261887G Howie's premises, Allan Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 96 of 1261887House and shops, King Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 97 of 1261888Union BankPeterhead AberdeenshireScotlandAddition
Item 98 of 1261890House, Forbesfield Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 99 of 1261890House, Great Western Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 100 of 1261891Shop and warehouse, Bridge Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 101 of 1261892Four houses, Mid Stocket  AberdeenScotland 
Item 102 of 1261892Granary on Blaikie's Quay  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 103 of 1261894House, University Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 104 of 1261896Corporation Lodging House, East North Street  AberdeenScotlandFirst premiated competition design (50 guineas) - Arthur C Bruce responsible
Item 105 of 1261897Eight houses, Mid Stocket  AberdeenScotland 
Item 106 of 1261897Peterhead Police StationPeterhead AberdeenshireScotlandNew police station
Item 107 of 1261898House, King's Gate  AberdeenScotland 
Item 108 of 1261899House and shops, George Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 109 of 1261899House, Westburn Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 110 of 126Before 1899Macduff Free ChurchMacduff BanffshireScotlandProvided plans but commission went to A Marshall Mackenzie
Item 111 of 126Before 1899New Machar Free ChurchNew Machar AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 112 of 1261901Five houses, Hollybank Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 113 of 1261902Houses and shops, Great Western Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 114 of 1261903East End Mission  AberdeenScotland 
Item 115 of 1261903Four houses, Forest Avenue  AberdeenScotland 
Item 116 of 1261903Four houses, Mile End Avenue  AberdeenScotland 
Item 117 of 1261903Three houses, St Clement Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 118 of 1261903Two houses, Clifton Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 119 of 1261904Two houses, Desswood Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 120 of 1261904Two houses, Great Western Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 121 of 1261904Two houses, Whitehall Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 122 of 1261905Four houses, Mile End Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 123 of 1261905Ten houses, Forest Avenue  AberdeenScotland 
Item 124 of 1261907Villa, Rubislaw Den North  AberdeenScotland 
Item 125 of 1261909Four Houses Richmondhill Road (2)  AberdeenScotland 
Item 126 of 1261909Four Houses Whitehall Terrace  AberdeenScotland 


Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architectural practice:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Edinburgh Gazette5 January 1892