Basic Biographical Details

Name: William Henderson & Son
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: Before 1853
Ended: 1899
Bio Notes: William Henderson, architect, wood merchant and valuer, was the elder brother of James Henderson and was educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen. Their father died in 1826, obliging James to discontinue his studies. For a time James was William's assistant and briefly his partner. The partnership had been dissolved by the time of the Disruption in 1843, whereafter they shared the patronage of the newly-founded Free Church between them, William designing approximately one hundred churches and manses, not all of which have been identified.

By 1853 his son William Low Henderson (born 1828 or 1829) had been taken into partnership, the practice becoming William Henderson & Son. Under this title, the firm carried out a large number of architisctural and building contracts from premises in Loch Street, Aberdeen. In later years the firm moved to Union Street, at which time the timber merchant's part of the business was discontinued and the practice more strictly confined to architectural and valuation work

From 1857 onwards the Hendersons were architects to the Union Bank in the north-east: the Union Bank had taken over the Aberdeen Bank in 1849 but that bank remained semi-autonomous within the Union Bank and retained a management in Aberdeen. The banks they built for the Union were nearly all in a very simple standard Georgian survival manner. About the time of the passing of the Education Act the firm were architects for a large number of schools in the north of Scotland, particularly in Orkney and Shetland. In the 1870's (and partly while Alexander Mavor was a partner is the business) the firm were architects for numerous buildings of a more public character, including the Morningfield Hospital, and Newhills Cottage Hospital. The firm were also architects for the Aberdeenshire County Council, and built a number of police-stations throughout the county. The Edinburgh Gazette (no.10322) of Tuesday 5th January 1892, p17, reveals that prior to 31st December 1891 there were two partners in William Henderson & Son, architects, Aberdeen: William Low Henderson and Alexander Mavor. Mavor left the partnership at that date, and began to trade on his own account from 211 Union Street, Aberdeen, while William Low Henderson continued as sole partner in William Henderson & Son, from 124 Union Street, Aberdeen.

William Henderson Senior died on 12 August 1872. From some time before 1892 there was an Arthur C Bruce in the firm. William Low Henderson died in June 1899. The practice continued under the name of William Henderson & Son after his death.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 2Loch Street, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusiness   
Item 2 of 2Union Street, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusiness   

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 4William HendersonBefore 18531872Partner 
Item 2 of 4William Low HendersonBefore 18531899PartnerPartner by 1857
Item 3 of 4Alexander Mavor1870s(?) AssistantLater partner
Item 4 of 4Arthur C BruceBefore 1892 AssistantLater partner?

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 1301847Ellon Free Church ManseEllon AberdeenshireScotlandMay have been responsible
Item 2 of 1301853Old Machar PoorhouseOld Machar AberdeenScotland 
Item 3 of 1301853Pitmedden HouseDyce AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 4 of 1301853Rubislaw Estate feuingRubislaw AberdeenScotlandTook over the construction of Albert Street from Matthews & Mackenzie
Item 5 of 1301854Corn Exchange  AberdeenScotland 
Item 6 of 1301854Corn Exchange, warehouse  AberdeenScotland 
Item 7 of 1301854Greyfriars Free Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 8 of 1301854Stockethill House and officesStockethill AberdeenScotland 
Item 9 of 1301854Warehouse for Northern Agricultural Company, Waterloo Quarry  AberdeenScotland 
Item 10 of 1301855Ellon Free ChurchEllon AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 11 of 1301855Loch Street soapworks  AberdeenScotland 
Item 12 of 1301855St Matthew's ChurchOld Meldrum / Oldmeldrum AberdeenshireScotlandNew chancel added
Item 13 of 1301856House at railway station, Bucksburn  AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 14 of 1301857Cairnfield Girls SchoolCairnfield AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 15 of 1301857Cruden ParsonageCruden AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 16 of 1301857Newhills ManseNewhills AberdeenshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 17 of 1301857Shed for Aberdeen Lime CompanyAlford AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 18 of 1301857Union BankCullen BanffshireScotland 
Item 19 of 1301857Union Bank of ScotlandInverurie AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 20 of 1301859Cults HouseCults AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 21 of 1301859Torry Free ChurchTorry AberdeenScotland 
Item 22 of 1301860Gallowgate Free ChurchGallowgate AberdeenScotland 
Item 23 of 1301860Kemnay SchoolKemnay AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 24 of 130c. 1860Union BankFochabers MorayshireScotlandHS attribution
Item 25 of 1301862Crathie Free ChurchCrathie AberdeenshireScotlandNew church
Item 26 of 1301862Kingswells Free ManseKingswells AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 27 of 1301862Mains of Clackriach, Old DeerOld Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 28 of 1301863Free Church Infant schoolsInverurie AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 29 of 1301863Greyfriars Parish Schools  AberdeenScotland 
Item 30 of 1301863Laurencekirk Parish ChurchLaurencekirk KincardineshireScotlandAlterations and repairs
Item 31 of 1301863Union BankBanchory KincardineshireScotland 
Item 32 of 1301863Union BankHuntly AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 33 of 1301864Free Church and Teacher's HouseStrathdon AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 34 of 1301864Kitchen Hill HouseOld Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 35 of 1301865Garvock School  AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 36 of 1301865Kincardineshire Combination PoorhouseStonehaven KincardineshireScotland 
Item 37 of 1301865Villafield Girls' School   Scotland 
Item 38 of 1301866Charitable School  AberdeenScotlandSouth wing
Item 39 of 1301866Garvock ManseGarvock AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 40 of 1301866Glenbogie Cottage, AuchindoirAuchindoir AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 41 of 1301866New Maud PoorhouseMaud AberdeenshireScotlandSubmitted plans - rejected
Item 42 of 1301866Newhills Parish Church and Session HouseNewhills AberdeenshireScotlandSession house
Item 43 of 1301867Lumphanan Free ManseLumphanan AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 44 of 1301867Peterhead Police StationPeterhead AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 45 of 1301867Riddlehead SteadingRiddlehead, Warthill AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 46 of 1301867Upper Kirkhill SteadingOld Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 47 of 1301868Rutherford Free Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 48 of 1301869Lumphanan Free ChurchLumphanan AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 49 of 1301869Union BankBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 50 of 13018705 and 6 Carden Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 51 of 1301870House of Glenmuick with East lodgeBallater AberdeenshireScotlandHandled job for Peto
Item 52 of 1301870Union BankBallater AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 53 of 1301871Old Meldrum Police StationOld Meldrum / Oldmeldrum AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 54 of 1301871Union Bank of ScotlandLerwickMainlandShetlandScotland 
Item 55 of 1301872Houses at CulterCulter AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 56 of 1301873Schools in Gallowgate  AberdeenScotland 
Item 57 of 1301874Denmore School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 58 of 1301874Kintore SchoolKintore AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 59 of 1301874Old Aberdeen School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 60 of 1301874Rubislaw School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 61 of 1301874Woodside School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 62 of 1301875Ferryhill SchoolFerryhill AberdeenScotland 
Item 63 of 1301875Fraserburgh PrisonFraserburgh AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations
Item 64 of 1301875Huntly Police Office PrisonHuntly AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations
Item 65 of 1301875Loch Street Co-operative  AberdeenScotland 
Item 66 of 1301875Newhills Central SchoolNewhills AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 67 of 1301875Peterhead PrisonPeterhead AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations
Item 68 of 1301875Ruthrieston and Whitestripes School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 69 of 1301875Woodside School  AberdeenScotlandAlterations? Completion?
Item 70 of 1301876Auchleven SchoolAuchleven AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 71 of 1301876Cockmuir SchoolCockmuir AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 72 of 1301876Newbridge Distillery     
Item 73 of 1301877Bankhead (Stoneywood) Established ChurchBankhead/Stoneywood AberdeenScotland 
Item 74 of 1301877Paper Mill officeCulter AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 75 of 1301878Torry School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 76 of 1301878Union BankStromnessMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 77 of 1301878Westhill SchoolWesthill AberdeenScotland 
Item 78 of 1301880Mission Hall, Hardgate  AberdeenScotland 
Item 79 of 1301880Northern Co-operative MillMillbank AberdeenScotland 
Item 80 of 1301881Aberdeen and Northern Friendly Society  AberdeenScotland 
Item 81 of 1301881Granaries, Virginia Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 82 of 1301881Heathcot House lodge  AberdeenScotland 
Item 83 of 1301881Premises Bridge Street, College Street and Windmill Brae  AberdeenScotland 
Item 84 of 1301881Premises, King Street and Urquhart Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 85 of 1301882Drill Hall, North Silver Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 86 of 1301882House, Fonthill Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 87 of 1301882Morningfield Hospital for Incurables  AberdeenScotland 
Item 88 of 1301882Newhills Cottage HospitalNewhills AberdeenScotland 
Item 89 of 1301882Ogston's Warehouse  AberdeenScotland 
Item 90 of 1301884Bakery and flour stores for Northern Co-operative  AberdeenScotland 
Item 91 of 1301884Offices and store, Regent Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 92 of 1301885Imperial Hotel  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 93 of 1301886Houses and shops, George Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 94 of 1301886Ogston's Warehouse, Loch Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 95 of 1301886Premises, Holburn Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 96 of 1301887G Howie's premises, Allan Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 97 of 1301887House and shops, King Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 98 of 1301888Union BankPeterhead AberdeenshireScotlandAddition
Item 99 of 1301890House, Forbesfield Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 100 of 1301890House, Great Western Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 101 of 1301891Shop and warehouse, Bridge Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 102 of 1301892Four houses, Mid Stocket  AberdeenScotland 
Item 103 of 1301892Granary on Blaikie's Quay  AberdeenScotlandAdditions
Item 104 of 1301894House, University Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 105 of 1301895Union Chambers  AberdeenScotlandAlterations
Item 106 of 1301896Corporation Lodging House, East North Street  AberdeenScotlandFirst premiated competition design (50 guineas) - Arthur C Bruce responsible
Item 107 of 1301896Police StationAboyne AberdeenshireScotlandExtension
Item 108 of 1301897Eight houses, Mid Stocket  AberdeenScotland 
Item 109 of 1301897Peterhead Police StationPeterhead AberdeenshireScotlandNew police station
Item 110 of 1301898House, King's Gate  AberdeenScotland 
Item 111 of 1301899House and shops, George Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 112 of 1301899House, Westburn Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 113 of 130Before 1899Macduff Free ChurchMacduff BanffshireScotlandProvided plans but commission went to A Marshall Mackenzie
Item 114 of 130Before 1899New Machar Free ChurchNew Machar AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 115 of 1301900Parish ChurchKirkton of Premnay  AberdeenshireScotlandWest Porch and polygonal east vestry
Item 116 of 1301901Five houses, Hollybank Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 117 of 1301902Houses and shops, Great Western Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 118 of 1301903East End Mission  AberdeenScotland 
Item 119 of 1301903Four houses, Forest Avenue  AberdeenScotland 
Item 120 of 1301903Four houses, Mile End Avenue  AberdeenScotland 
Item 121 of 1301903Three houses, St Clement Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 122 of 1301903Two houses, Clifton Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 123 of 1301904Two houses, Desswood Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 124 of 1301904Two houses, Great Western Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 125 of 1301904Two houses, Whitehall Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 126 of 1301905Four houses, Mile End Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 127 of 1301905Ten houses, Forest Avenue  AberdeenScotland 
Item 128 of 1301907Villa, Rubislaw Den North  AberdeenScotland 
Item 129 of 1301909Four Houses Richmondhill Road (2)  AberdeenScotland 
Item 130 of 1301909Four Houses Whitehall Terrace  AberdeenScotland 


Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architectural practice:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Edinburgh Gazette5 January 1892