Basic Biographical Details

Name: William Henderson
Designation: Architect
Born: 6 December 1805
Died: 12 August 1872
Bio Notes: William Henderson, architect, wood merchant, valuator, etc was born on 6 December 1805, the elder brother of James Henderson, and was educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen. Their father died in 1826, obliging James to discontinue his studies. For a time James was William's assistant and briefly his partner. The partnership had been dissolved by the time of the Disruption in 1843, whereafter they shared the patronage of the newly-founded Free Church between them, William designing approximately one hundred churches and manses, not all of which have been identified.

By 1853 his eldest son William Low Henderson (born 1828 or 1829) had been taken into partnership, the practice becoming William Henderson & Son. Under this title, the firm carried out a large number of architisctural and building contracts from offices in Loch Street, Aberdeen. From 1857 onwards the Hendersons were architects to the Union Bank in the north-east: the Union Bank had taken over the Aberdeen Bank in 1849 but that bank remained semi-autonomous within the Union Bank and retained a management in Aberdeen. The banks they built for the Union were nearly all in a very simple standard Georgian survival manner.

Baillie William Henderson senior died on 12 August 1872. From some time before 1892 there was an Arthur C Bruce in the firm. William Low Henderson died in June 1899. The practice continued under the name of William Henderson & Son after his death.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 21, Carden Place, Aberdeen, ScotlandPrivate 1872 
Item 2 of 2Loch Street, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusinessc. 1840Mid 1850s 

Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2William & James HendersonAfter 18261843Partner 
Item 2 of 2William Henderson & SonBefore 18531872Partner 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3James HendersonBefore 1843 AssistantLater partner
Item 2 of 3William Low HendersonBefore 1847Before 1853Assistant 
Item 3 of 3Daniel MacandrewMid 184MMid 184MApprentice 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 1001843Cults Free ChurchCults AberdeenshireScotlandOriginal building
Item 2 of 1001843Free Church ManseChapel of Garioch AberdeenshireScotlandHS attribution - church is by him (see also contracts in Aberdeen Journal)
Item 3 of 1001843Harlaw Free ChurchHarlaw AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 4 of 1001843Kinneff ChurchRoadside of Kinneff KincardineshireScotland 
Item 5 of 1001843Rathen Free ChurchRathen AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 6 of 1001843St Andrews and Birsay Free Church MainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 7 of 100c. 1843Harlaw HouseHarlaw AberdeenshireScotlandAttribution
Item 8 of 1001844Drumbeg Free ChurchDrumbeg SutherlandScotland 
Item 9 of 1001844Durness Free ChurchDurness SutherlandScotland 
Item 10 of 1001844Free East School  AberdeenScotland 
Item 11 of 1001844Harray Free ChurchHarrayMainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 12 of 1001844Lochbroom Free ChurchUllapool Ross and CromartyScotland 
Item 13 of 1001844Lochinver Free ChurchLochinver SutherlandScotland 
Item 14 of 1001844Maryculter Free ChurchMaryculter KincardineshireScotland 
Item 15 of 1001844Rathen Free ManseRathen AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 16 of 1001844Rendall and Evie Free Church MainlandOrkneyScotland 
Item 17 of 1001844Rousay Free Church RousayOrkneyScotland 
Item 18 of 1001844Stoer Free ChurchStoer SutherlandScotland 
Item 19 of 100c. 1844Inverurie Free ChurchInverurie AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 20 of 1001845Inverurie Free manseInverurie AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 21 of 1001845New Pitsligo Free ChurchNew Pitsligo AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 22 of 1001845Newhills Free ChurchNewhills AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 23 of 1001846Brae of Kinmundy Farm  AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 24 of 1001846Durris Free SchoolDurris AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 25 of 1001846Forglen Free ChurchKirkton of Forglen BanffshireScotlandperhaps by the Hendersons
Item 26 of 100c. 1846Old Aberdeen Free ChurchOld Aberdeen AberdeenScotlandAmendments to Simpson design
Item 27 of 1001847Braemar Free ChurchBraemar AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 28 of 1001847Ellon Free Church ManseEllon AberdeenshireScotlandMay have been responsible
Item 29 of 1001847Grange Free Church ManseGrange BanffshireScotland?
Item 30 of 1001848Lerwick Free ChurchLerwickMainlandShetlandScotland 
Item 31 of 1001848Oyne ManseOyne AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 32 of 1001848Tarland Free Church  AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 33 of 1001849Stonehaven Station, InnStonehaven KincardineshireScotland 
Item 34 of 1001849Terraced houses, Carden Place  AberdeenScotlandNorth side of Carden Place
Item 35 of 1001850Cowie HouseStonehaven KincardineshireScotland 
Item 36 of 1001850Muchalls StationMuchalls KincardineshireScotland 
Item 37 of 1001850Old Aberdeen Brewery, stables, cartsheds  AberdeenScotlandAlterations
Item 38 of 1001852Banchory Ternan ManseBanchory Ternan Aberdeenshire/KincardineshireScotlandAdditions
Item 39 of 1001852Belhelvie Free ManseBelhelvie AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 40 of 1001852Cautens SteadingOld Meldrum / Oldmeldrum AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 41 of 1001852House at Cothel Mills   Scotland 
Item 42 of 1001852Houses, Hillside  AberdeenScotland 
Item 43 of 1001853Old Machar PoorhouseOld Machar AberdeenScotland 
Item 44 of 1001853Pitmedden HouseUdny AberdeenshireScotlandRestoration after fire damage
Item 45 of 1001853Pitmedden HouseDyce AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 46 of 100After 1853Rubislaw Estate feuingRubislaw AberdeenScotlandTook over building of Albert Street from Matthews & Mackenzie
Item 47 of 1001854Corn Exchange  AberdeenScotland 
Item 48 of 1001854Corn Exchange, warehouse  AberdeenScotland 
Item 49 of 1001854Greyfriars Free Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 50 of 1001854Stockethill House and officesStockethill AberdeenScotland 
Item 51 of 1001854Warehouse for Northern Agricultural Company, Waterloo Quarry  AberdeenScotland 
Item 52 of 1001855Ellon Free ChurchEllon AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 53 of 1001855Loch Street soapworks  AberdeenScotland 
Item 54 of 1001855St Matthew's ChurchOld Meldrum / Oldmeldrum AberdeenshireScotlandNew chancel added
Item 55 of 1001856House at railway station, Bucksburn  AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 56 of 1001857Cairnfield Girls SchoolCairnfield AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 57 of 1001857Cruden ParsonageCruden AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 58 of 1001857Newhills ManseNewhills AberdeenshireScotlandReconstruction
Item 59 of 1001857Shed for Aberdeen Lime CompanyAlford AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 60 of 1001857Union BankCullen BanffshireScotland 
Item 61 of 1001857Union Bank of ScotlandInverurie AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 62 of 1001859Cults HouseCults AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions and alterations
Item 63 of 1001859Torry Free ChurchTorry AberdeenScotland 
Item 64 of 1001860Gallowgate Free ChurchGallowgate AberdeenScotland 
Item 65 of 1001860Kemnay SchoolKemnay AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 66 of 100c. 1860Union BankFochabers MorayshireScotlandHS attribution - Henderson designed all the other Union Banks in the area
Item 67 of 1001862Crathie Free ChurchCrathie AberdeenshireScotlandNew church
Item 68 of 1001862Kingswells Free ManseKingswells AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 69 of 1001862Mains of Clackriach, Old DeerOld Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 70 of 1001863Free Church Infant schoolsInverurie AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 71 of 1001863Greyfriars Parish Schools  AberdeenScotland 
Item 72 of 1001863Laurencekirk Parish ChurchLaurencekirk KincardineshireScotlandAlterations and repairs
Item 73 of 1001863Union BankBanchory KincardineshireScotland 
Item 74 of 1001863Union BankHuntly AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 75 of 1001864Free Church and Teacher's HouseStrathdon AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 76 of 1001864Kitchen Hill HouseOld Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 77 of 1001865Blackford Free ChurchBlackford PerthshireScotland 
Item 78 of 1001865Free Church, BelnacraigKirkton of Glenbuchat AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 79 of 1001865Garvock School  AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 80 of 1001865Kincardineshire Combination PoorhouseStonehaven KincardineshireScotland 
Item 81 of 1001865Villafield Girls' School   Scotland 
Item 82 of 1001866Charitable School  AberdeenScotlandSouth wing added
Item 83 of 1001866Garvock ManseGarvock AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 84 of 1001866Glenbogie Cottage, AuchindoirAuchindoir AberdeenshireScotlandAlterations and additions
Item 85 of 1001866New Maud PoorhouseMaud AberdeenshireScotlandSubmitted plans - rejected
Item 86 of 1001866Newhills Parish Church and Session HouseNewhills AberdeenshireScotlandSession house
Item 87 of 1001867Lumphanan Free ManseLumphanan AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 88 of 1001867Peterhead Police StationPeterhead AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 89 of 1001867Riddlehead SteadingRiddlehead, Warthill AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 90 of 1001867Upper Kirkhill SteadingOld Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 91 of 1001868Rutherford Free Church  AberdeenScotland 
Item 92 of 1001869Lumphanan Free ChurchLumphanan AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 93 of 1001869Union BankBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 94 of 10018705 and 6 Carden Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 95 of 1001870House of Glenmuick with East lodgeBallater AberdeenshireScotlandHandled job for Peto
Item 96 of 1001870Union BankBallater AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 97 of 100c. 1870Union BankPortsoy BanffshireScotlandHS possible attribution
Item 98 of 1001871Old Meldrum Police StationOld Meldrum / Oldmeldrum AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 99 of 1001871Union Bank of ScotlandLerwickMainlandShetlandScotland 
Item 100 of 1001872Houses at CulterCulter AberdeenshireScotland 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Scotlands People Website Wills & Testaments  Aberdeen Sheriff Court Inventories SC1/36/71

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Building News16 June 1899  p826 - W L Henderson obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Information about birth and death dates from gravestone