Basic Biographical Details

Name: Gardner & Crawley
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: c. 1913
Ended: c. 1920
Bio Notes: Alexander McInnes Gardner was born at New Kilpatrick on 21 September 1878, the son of Robert Gardner, bleach work warehouseman, and his wife Jane McInnes. He was articled to A Lindsay Miller of Glasgow in 1893, attending classes at Glasgow School of Art and winning a number of prizes and medals. In 1898 he left Lindsay Miller to work with Malcolm Stark in the Glasgow office of Stark & Rowntree as an assistant. Stark's failing health and descent into alcoholism caused the partnership to be dissolved in 1899, and Gardner moved to the office of James Miller. After two years there he joined Fred Rowntree in London, and after a further two years he returned to work again for James Miller in Glasgow, where he commenced practice on his own account in 1905 in partnership with T Andrew Millar, a fellow draughtsman in James Miller's office. Gardner spent two months studying in Italy in autumn 1910 and was admitted LRIBA in the mass intake of 20 July 1911, proposed by John Bennie Wilson and the Glasgow Institute of Architects.

The partnership of Gardner & Millar was dissolved in 1912. In the same year, Gardner designed the Clydebank Public Library, won in competition, and about this time became associated in ship work with George A Crawley of London. He had already had considerable experience in ship work in James Miller's office, having designed the interiors of the Lusitania immediately before leaving. In McInnes Gardner's records most of the ships are referred to by their job numbers and not their names. He worked chiefly for Fairfield, Denny, Hawthorn-Leslie and Workman, Clark and Co.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 1146, St Vincent Street, Glasgow, ScotlandBusiness1919 or 1920 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 3Alexander McInnes Gardnerc. 1913c. 1920Partner 
Item 2 of 3George A Crawleyc. 1913c. 1920Partner 
Item 3 of 3Alexander Graham Glen1919c. 1920Chief Draughtsman 


Currently, there are no references for this architectural practice. The information has been derived from: the British Architectural Library / RIBA Directory of British Architects 1834-1914; Post Office Directories; and/or any sources listed under this individual's works.