Basic Biographical Details

Name: Ireland & Maclaren
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: c. 1876
Ended: 1887
Bio Notes: Very little is known of James Ireland. David Maclaren was born in 1848 and apprenticed at an early age to his uncle James Maclaren, probably c.1863, and remained as an assistant until the early 1870s, when he moved to Glasgow to obtain wider experience with Hugh Hough Maclure, 'where he obtained some valuable experience in the erection of new schools'. While he was in Glasgow, Dundee School Board advertised for competitive plans: those he submitted were successful and he was induced to settle in Dundee to supervise their erection, subsequently being appointed architect to the board. At that time he entered into partnership with James Ireland. Their school work resulted in their appointment as architects to University College, Dundee for which Maclaren made a study tour of university departments in England and Wales.

Maclaren's 'leisure moments were devoted to the reproduction of illuminated missals, an art in which he excelled, or to the preparation of designs for tiles… unfortunately he applied himself with so much diligence that he ultimately fell victim to overwork' and towards the close of 1885 'he was obliged to retire from active life… shortly after his illness assumed a more serious form, and was aggravated by the subsequent death of his partner' from gangrene. During his illness the practice was carried on first by Ireland and then by James Hendry Langlands Senior, who was principal assistant to the firm and succeeded to Maclaren's appointment as architect to the school board following Maclaren's death at St Johnswood Terrace, Dundee, on 21 December 1887.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 131 or 81, Murraygate, Dundee, ScotlandBusinessBefore 1882After 1887 

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 8David Maclarenc. 1876Late 1885Partner 
Item 2 of 8James Irelandc. 18761886Partner 
Item 3 of 8James Glen Sivewright Gibson18771881Apprentice 
Item 4 of 8James Hendry Langlands (senior)c. 1877c. 1882Apprentice 
Item 5 of 8James Lowe18821887Apprentice 
Item 6 of 8James Hendry Langlands (senior)c. 1882c. 1884Assistant 
Item 7 of 8James Hendry Langlands (senior)c. 18841887Chief Assistant 
Item 8 of 8David Wishart Galloway18871892Apprenticeunder James H Langlands

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 581874Ancrum Road School  DundeeScotland 
Item 2 of 581874Braeknow house and lodge  DundeeScotland 
Item 3 of 581874North Dudhope Mill  DundeeScotland 
Item 4 of 58c. 1874Old Infirmary  DundeeScotlandConverted from Old Infirmary (subsequently a lodging house)
Item 5 of 581875Clepington School  DundeeScotland 
Item 6 of 581875Coupar Angus SchoolCoupar Angus PerthshireScotland 
Item 7 of 581875Damacre Road SchoolBrechin AngusScotland 
Item 8 of 581875Laurelbank  DundeeScotlandAdditions
Item 9 of 581875Semi-detached villas, Laurel Bank and Prospect Place  DundeeScotlandAdditions to no 6
Item 10 of 581875St Mary's RC School  DundeeScotlandAddition to girls' school
Item 11 of 581875Warehouse, Cowgate  DundeeScotland 
Item 12 of 581875Wellfield Works  DundeeScotlandDyehouse
Item 13 of 581875Workshop  DundeeScotland 
Item 14 of 58c. 1875Dudhope School  DundeeScotland 
Item 15 of 58c. 1875St David's School  DundeeScotlandLarge jamb added
Item 16 of 581876Balfour Street School  DundeeScotland 
Item 17 of 581876House block at West Port  DundeeScotland 
Item 18 of 581876Newport SchoolNewport Fife?Scotland 
Item 19 of 581876Shops, offices and houses, 78, 80, 81 High Street (then part of Murraygate)  DundeeScotland 
Item 20 of 581876Terraced house, Windsor Street  DundeeScotlandMinor alterations
Item 21 of 581876Terraced house, Windsor Street  DundeeScotlandMinor alterations
Item 22 of 58c. 1876Carnoustie SchoolCarnoustie AngusScotland 
Item 23 of 58c. 1876High Street premises for Mr John BanksLochee DundeeScotland 
Item 24 of 581877High Free ChurchHilltown DundeeScotland 
Item 25 of 581877Houses, Viewforth PlaceHawkhill DundeeScotland 
Item 26 of 581877Monifieth SchoolMonifieth AngusScotland 
Item 27 of 581877Shops, offices and houses, 73 Commercial Street and Murraygate  DundeeScotland 
Item 28 of 581878Shops, 105 and 109 Murraygate  DundeeScotlandAlterations to shops
Item 29 of 581879Belmont House  DundeeScotlandSmokeroom addition
Item 30 of 581879Mount PleasantHawkhill DundeeScotland 
Item 31 of 581879Sailors' Home  DundeeScotland 
Item 32 of 581879St Mark's Greenfield Church  DundeeScotlandAdditions including hall
Item 33 of 581870s or 1880sDudhope House  DundeeScotlandAlterations - date uncertain
Item 34 of 581880Bonded Warehouses, Seagate  DundeeScotland 
Item 35 of 581880Great Eastern Public House and Dining Rooms  DundeeScotlandFormed within tenement of c.1825 - dining rooms?
Item 36 of 581880Hyndford House  DundeeScotlandAddition for James Scott
Item 37 of 581880Lodge, Riverleigh  DundeeScotland 
Item 38 of 581880Ship Chandlers premises  DundeeScotland 
Item 39 of 581880Ward Congregational Chapel  DundeeScotlandAlterations to church and ancillary buildings on Nicoll Street
Item 40 of 581880Workshops and New entrance, Perth Road  DundeeScotlandLinking of houses to form office
Item 41 of 58c. 188014-17 Douglas Terrace, West FerryBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 
Item 42 of 581881Curr Night Refuge  DundeeScotlandDMW had 1884 but probably 1881-2 is accurate
Item 43 of 581881High Free ChurchHilltown DundeeScotlandGallery added
Item 44 of 58188241 Roseangle  DundeeScotlandAddition
Item 45 of 581882Grosvenor Terrace  DundeeScotland 
Item 46 of 581882Ireland and Maclaren's office  DundeeScotlandNew doorpiece added
Item 47 of 581882Leith Sailors' HomeLeith EdinburghScotlandCompetition design - not successful (Elizabethan style)
Item 48 of 581882University College Dundee  DundeeScotlandConversion of houses to lecture rooms and conversion of church to college hall
Item 49 of 581883Gordon Street, layoutBarnhill DundeeScotland 
Item 50 of 581883Mitchell Street School  DundeeScotland 
Item 51 of 581883University College Dundee, Chemical Laboratories  DundeeScotland 
Item 52 of 58c. 1883Butterburn School  DundeeScotland 
Item 53 of 581884Dundee and District Female Rescue HomeLochee DundeeScotland 
Item 54 of 581884Harris Academy, Park Place  DundeeScotland 
Item 55 of 58c. 1884Glebelands School  DundeeScotland 
Item 56 of 581885Rosebank School  DundeeScotland 
Item 57 of 581886High Free ChurchHilltown DundeeScotlandAdditions - nave and E & E transepts
Item 58 of 581887Binrock and Lodge  DundeeScotlandStables and lodge (at 454A)


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
Item 1 of 1Dundee Yearbook1887    

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architectural practice:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Personal information from J H Langlands Junior