Basic Biographical Details

Name: James William Crawford
Designation: Architect
Born: 1 August 1877
Bio Notes: James William Crawford was born on 1 August 1877 and commenced his architectural training in 1896. He studied at King's College, London, and worked for a Mr Lawrence of Leighton Buzzard for one year, moving to the office of Alan Wilfred Ruddle of Peterborough for six months and to Alfred Hessell Tiltman for two-and-a-half years, before spending five years as chief assistant in the office of Alexander Marshall Mackenzie & Son, where he supervised the construction of the Waldorf Hotel in London. He travelled in the United States, spending three months studying the modern architecture of New York at an early stage in his career, and settled in Canada, commencing independent practice there in 1908. He was elected LRIBA on 24 June 1912, his proposers being Alexander Marshall Mackenzie, Geoffrey Lucas and A G R Mackenzie.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 1Walhachin, British Columbia, CanadaBusiness1912  

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 4___ Lawrencec. 1896c. 1897Apprentice(?) 
Item 2 of 4Alan Wilfrid Ruddlec. 1897c. 1898Assistant(?) 
Item 3 of 4Alfred Hessel Tiltmanc. 1899c. 1902Assistant(?) 
Item 4 of 4A Marshall Mackenzie & Sonc. 19031908Chief Assistant 


RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 3Thomas Geoffry Lucas (or Geoffry Lucas)24 June 1912for Licentiateship
Item 2 of 3Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie24 June 1912for Licentiateship
Item 3 of 3Alexander Marshall Mackenzie24 June 1912for Licentiateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 21900Glasgow Royal Infirmary  GlasgowScotlandProbably assisted Alfred Hessell Tiltman on unsuccessful competition design - but may have assisted him on Eastern District Hospital
Item 2 of 2c. 1903Waldorf Hotel  LondonEnglandSupervised construction, as chief assistant to A Marshall Mackenzie & Son


Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers L v23 no1892