Basic Biographical Details

Name: Charles Carmichael
Designation: Architect
Born: 11 September 1864
Died: 15 June 1890
Bio Notes: Charles Carmichael was born in Aberdeen on 11 September 1864, the second of the four sons and seven children of George Carmichael, bank agent and his wife Mary. He was educated at Aberdeen Grammar School attending from 1876-1879. In the following year he was articled in the office of John Russell Mackenzie and Duncan McMillan. After John Russell Mackenzie was declared bankrupt in 1883 he moved to the office of Matthews & Mackenzie and remained with them until his departure for Johannesburg. During that period Carmichael measured and sketched extensively in Scotland and the north of England, with forays to Belgium in Spring 1886 and northern Italy in 1888.

In 1886 Carmichael was associated with Dr James Cooper in the founding of the Aberdeen Ecclesiological Society and several of his drawings were published in its transactions. At some point in the mid-1880s Carmichael emigrated to South Africa. Some sources suggest that he followed his former employer to South Africa but it seems more likely as stated in his obituary that he followed some of his 'fellow-townsmen who had established themselves in Johannesburg'. The townsmen may well have invited him to join them along with two of his contemporaries, Charles Murray and William M Philip, both engineers. Carmichael formed a partnership with Murray and Philip shortly after his arrival in South Africa.

Carmichael died intestate in South Africa 15 June 1890. His estate was deponed to his younger brother William John Carmichael who was a medical student at that time. A memorial window to Charles was erected in Aberdeen. Most of his work was described as 'domestic buildings of a very good class'.

In 1893 William Kelly, architect, Aberdeen, married Carmichael's sister Mary.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 2228, Union Street, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusiness(?)  Address given in documents relating to his dying intestate
Item 2 of 2Johannesburg, South AfricaBusinessc. 1886  

Employment and Training


The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 1Mackenzie & McMillan1880 Apprentice 

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 7c. 1887St Margaret's Church, BarnhillBroughty Ferry DundeeScotlandDesign only and design of font.
Item 2 of 71889Transvaal Mortgage Loan and Finance Co Building  PretoriaSouth Africa 
Item 3 of 7Before 1889Fordoun Churchyard and two unspecified monumentsAuchenblae KincardineshireScotland 
Item 4 of 7Before 1889Nellfield Cemetery, unspecified monument  AberdeenScotland 
Item 5 of 7Before 1889St George's-in-the-West  AberdeenScotlandPulpit designed and executed
Item 6 of 7Before 1889St Nicholas East Parish Church  AberdeenScotlandMinor furnishings
Item 7 of 7c. 1889Cottage, Broughty FerryBroughty Ferry DundeeScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
Item 1 of 1Sharples, J, Walker, D W and Woodworth, M2015The Buildings of Scotland: Aberdeenshire South and Aberdeen London and New Haven: Yale University Pressp37

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 3Transvaal Advertiser25 June 1890   
Item 2 of 3Trans… of the Aberdeen Ecclesiological Societybetween 1890 and 1893v2, part1 (1891) p74-75
Item 3 of 3Trans… of the Aberdeen Ecclesiological Societybetween 1912 and 1500sv4, part 2 (1915 pp259-261

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1Professor David M Walker personal archiveProfessor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material Research by Tom Davidson-Kelly