Basic Biographical Details

Name: Frank James Chambers Carruthers
Designation: Architect
Born: c. 1856(?)
Died: After 1931(?)
Bio Notes: Frank James Chambers Carruthers was born about 1856, the son of Francis Carruthers, farmer, Dixons, Tundergarth, Dumfriesshire. He was educated at Edinburgh Collegiate School from 1870 to 1876, thereafter spending about twelve months in the Estate office of Sir Robert Jardine, Bart. He then began an apprenticeship to William Hamilton Beattie, remaining there as draughtsman for two years. He travelled in Europe from time to time, and finally set up practice on his own account in c.1882 at Victoria Square, Lockerbie, living in some style at Dixons, Tundergarth with five servants. He married about 1892 and the couple had a son, also Francis, and two daughters. He moved his office to Dumfries in 1896.

He does not appear in Burke's Landed Gentry, although he he may have been related to the Carruthers of Dormont. Hr should not be confused with Colonel F C Carruthers of Dormont who was his approximate contemporary.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 4Victoria Square, Lockerbie, Dumfriesshire, ScotlandBusinessc. 18821896 
Item 2 of 425, Buccleuch Street, Dumfries, Dumfriesshire, ScotlandBusiness1906 *  
Item 3 of 4Dixons, Lockerbie (near), Dumfriesshire, ScotlandPrivate1906 *  
Item 4 of 435, Buccleuch Street, Dumfries, Dumfriesshire, ScotlandBusiness1911 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2William Hamilton Beattie18771880Apprentice 
Item 2 of 2William Hamilton Beattie18801882Draughtsman 

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5Robert Douglas  Apprentice 
Item 2 of 5George Alexander Kerrc. 1882Late 1887Apprentice 
Item 3 of 5George Alexander KerrLate 1887March 1889Draughtsman 
Item 4 of 5James Irving Tweedie9 August 1897September 1902Apprentice 
Item 5 of 5Charles Ernest HayLate 1890s Assistant 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 2James Bow Dunn3 December 1906for Fellowship
Item 2 of 2James Macintyre Henry3 December 1906for Fellowship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 23After 1882Castle Douglas Town HallCastle Douglas KirkcudbrightshireScotlandAlterations?
Item 2 of 231892Masonic HallMoffat DumfriesshireScotlandConverted from Morrison's School to Masonic Hall
Item 3 of 23c. 1893Dalton Parish ChurchDalton DumfriesshireScotlandSubmitted plans for enlarging old church as well as for new church - not selected for job
Item 4 of 231894Annan AcademyAnnan DumfriesshireScotlandWon in competition
Item 5 of 231896Dryfesdale Parish ChurchLockerbie DumfriesshireScotlandNew church built
Item 6 of 231896Milkbank House  DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 7 of 23After 1896Hoddom CastleEcclefechan DumfriesshireScotlandEstate work
Item 8 of 23After 1896Kinmount HouseAnnan DumfriesshireScotlandAlterations, additions, lodges and other estate work. Probably garage block (dated 1907)
Item 9 of 231897Dryfesdale SchoolLockerbie DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 10 of 231897Dumfries AcademyDumfries DumfriesshireScotlandBlock at South West built (original building)
Item 11 of 231898Central HotelAnnan DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 12 of 231900Ewart Free LibraryDumfries DumfriesshireScotlandPlaced first by the assessor but lost the commission following measurement
Item 13 of 23c. 1900Applegarth Parish ChurchApplegarth DumfriesshireScotlandRemodelling, possibly to design by Carruthers
Item 14 of 23c. 1900Corner block with shops and hotelAnnan DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 15 of 23c. 1900Lockerbie Town Hall and libraryLockerbie DumfriesshireScotlandTower buildings containing Free Library added on adjacent site
Item 16 of 23c. 1900New seaside resort: 15 villas, ornamental lakes, cascades, bridges, roads, pathsPowfoot DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 17 of 23c. 1900Queensberry TerraceCummertrees DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 18 of 231904BroombushLockerbie DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 19 of 231906Hoddom CastleEcclefechan DumfriesshireScotlandAdditions
Item 20 of 23Before 1906Bernock LodgeMoffat (near) DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 21 of 23Before 1906NewtonairdDumfries DumfriesshireScotlandAdditions
Item 22 of 231907Eaglesfield SchoolEaglesfield DumfriesshireScotland 
Item 23 of 231908Lochmaben Fever HospitalLochmaben DumfriesshireScotland 

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 1Measurers\' Companion1911The Scottish Architects' and Measurers' Companion   

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 2Census records onlineCensuses  
Item 2 of 2RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers F v17 p85 no1139 (microfilm reel 12)