Basic Biographical Details
|Name: ||Francis William Troup |
|Designation: ||Architect |
|Born: ||11 June 1859 |
|Died: ||2 April 1941 |
|Bio Notes: ||Francis William Troup was born on 11 June 1859 in the Congregational Manse at Huntly, the son of the Rev Robert Troup and his wife Margaret MacDonald. He was educated in Huntly and in Aberdeen at the Grammar School and what is described in his nomination paper as the Aberdeen Gymnasium. In 1877 he moved to Glasgow as an articled pupil with Campbell Douglas & Sellars and like so many others from that office found a place in the London office of John James Stevenson at £60 per annum. (in the 1881 census he was staying with his uncle, Rev James Troup in Row, Dunbartonshire.) |
While at Stevenson's he studied at the RA Schools from 1884 to 1886, winning the Silver Medal for measured drawing in 1885. The subject was the north porch of St Pauls: he seems to have measured it with Robert Weir Schultz who produced an almost identical set of drawings. Through Schultz he obtained an entrée to the newly formed Art Workers' Guild.
Troup left Stevenson's office at the end of his articles to undertake short-term employment with a number of architects. His nomination paper lists John McKean Brydon, William Young and George Lethbridge in London and Rowand Anderson in Edinburgh where he worked on the competition drawings for the Imperial Institute with William Henry Bidlake, an engagement which came near to a lawsuit in respect of overtime. Troup then returned to Stevenson's office as clerk of works at St John's College Oxford, remaining with him until 1889. Throughout that period Troup travelled and sketched intensively, buying photographs wherever available.
Troup passed the qualifying exam in 1888 and was admitted ARIBA on 11 March 1889, his proposers being Stevenson, Brydon and Douglas. Shortly thereafter he set up office beside W R Lethaby at 9 Hart Street, soon moving to 14 Gray's Square where he shared rooms with Schultz: shortly thereafter they shared a house at 6 Mandeville Place. During these early years he seems to have been largely dependent on work farmed out by Stevenson (part of which consisted of interiors for the Orient Line steamship Omrah), Schultz, Lethaby and Lorimer. This persisted until Troup obtained the commission for his largest and best country house Sandhouse for the Congregationalist Joseph King in 1902. Thereafter Troup's practice was reasonably prosperous, punctuated by a small number of really large jobs, Thistlegate House, Charmouth, Dorset in 1911, Blackfriars House, New Bridge Street, London in 1913, Cambridge University Press in 1920 and from 1921 the Bank of England where his scheme was superseded by that of Sir Herbert Baker. In that year he entered into a partnership with Harold Rooksby Steele which lasted until February 1941 when Troup retired. Also in the practice was his nephew Robert Jamieson Troup, son of his farmer brother Robert, who had served in the Gordon Highlanders and ended the war with serious health and psychological problems. He withdrew from the practice in 1936 to return to Huntly where he had a desultory architectural practice.
Troup was an Arts and Crafts man throughout his life with a particular interest in leadwork and was an excellent craftsman himself. He was Master of the Art Workers Guild in 1923 and Hon Sec of the SPAB in 1940. He never married, living with a long-serving housekeeper, Elizabeth Green. He is said to have been rather shy but among his friends and particularly with children he was hilarious company, retaining his Aberdeenshire accent to the end. Near the end of his life he presented an area of land in Huntly known as Glamourside to the people of that town. He died suddenly at Mandeville Place on 2 April 1941.
After the Second World War Robert Troup was largely supported by Alexander George Robertson Mackenzie who entrusted him with the listing of buildings of architectural and historic interest in the Huntly area. The arrangement was not without difficulties ('Dear Troup, I have your account but I do not seem to have your list, Yours AGRM') but it lasted until Robert Troup's death on 10 December 1959.
Note: Francis William Troup should not be confused with Francis Gordon Troup, born 1887. Because of his training with Forsyth & Maule in London he lies outwith the scope of the present dictionary.
Private and Business Addresses
|The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:|
| ||Address||Type||Date from||Date to||Notes|
|Huntly, Aberdeenshire, Scotland||Private||1859||Before 1877||Place of birth|
|Cottage, John Street Lane, Row, Dunbartonshire, Scotland||Private||1881 *|| || |
|39, Pembroke Square, Kensington, London, England||Private/business||1889 *|| || |
|9, Hart Street, Bloomsbury, London, England||Business||1891 *|| || |
|6, Mandeville Place, London, England||Private||1899 *|| || |
|14, Gray's Inn Square, London, England||Business||Before 1899||After 1929|| |
* earliest date known from documented sources.
Employment and Training
* earliest date known from documented sources.
Employees or Pupils
|The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):|
| ||Name||Date from||Date to||Position||Notes|
|George Thow Smith||After 1897||Before 1904||Assistant||Occasional assistant while in Schultz's office|
|Hugh Stewart||1907||1907 or 1908||Assistant|| |
|Robert Jamieson Troup||1920||1922||Apprentice(?)|| |
|Robert Jamieson Troup||1922||1936||Architect(?)||Working in association; it is unclear whether he was officially a partner|
Buildings and Designs
|The following books contain references to this architect:|
|Abramson, Daniel M||2007||Building the Bank of England: Money, Architecture, Society, 1694-1942|| ||Yale|| |
|Jackson, Neil||1985||F W Troup Architect 1859 - 1941|| || || |
|The following periodicals contain references to this architect:|
| ||Periodical Name||Date||Edition||Publisher||Notes|
|RIBA Journal||May 1941|| ||London: Royal Institute of British Architects||Obituary p124|
|Scotsman||5 April 1941|| || ||p6 Obituary|
|The following archives hold material relating to this architect:|
| ||Source||Archive Name||Source Catalogue No.||Notes|
|Professor David M Walker personal archive||Professor David M Walker, notes and collection of archive material|| ||Personal recollections of the late Mr & Mrs A G R Mackenzie; Mackenzie's letter book, now no longer extant|
|RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert Museum||RIBA Nomination Papers|| ||A v10 p101, microfiche 43/A5; F v13 p65, microfiche 118/F2|