Basic Biographical Details

Name: George Sutherland
Designation: Architect
Born: 1861
Died: 1927
Bio Notes: George Sutherland was born in 1861 and was articled to Pirie & Clyne of Aberdeen in 1878 but transferred to Ellis & Wilson before completing his apprenticeship. He then moved to Glasgow where he served as draughtsman to an unspecified firm before commencing practice on his own account in Banff in 1884. It is very likely that he formed a partnership with George Adam Bruce in Banff. By 1890 he had moved to 51 High Street, Elgin, where he was elected to the School Board and designed the towered H H Richardson-Romanesque Victoria School of Science and Art, evidently only one of several commissions as Honeyman had seen 'some creditable buildings' designed by him prior to 1894. At that date he had also received a commission for a mission hall in Aberdeen. Sutherland sat the qualifying exam in Glasgow in March 1894 and immediately sought admission as ARIBA, his proposers being John Honeyman, Arthur Cates and Lacy William Ridge. In his application he acknowledged his lack of travel abroad but stated that he had spent a good deal of time measuring Elgin Cathedral, Pluscarden Priory, 'some old Scotch castles' and 'old buildings in Aberdeen': He was admitted on 11 June of the same year.

He entered into partnership with Louis Harper of Aberdeen at the beginning of 1896. When in partnership with Harper, Sutherland's one major commission was a large block in Bridge Street, the remainder being speculative housing, some of it for himself. About 1899 Harper withdrew from the partnership.

About June 1899, Sutherland entered into a brief partnership with James Jamieson at Elgin but at the beginning of 1902 he entered into partnership with James M Pirie. Pirie's relationship, if any, with John Bridgeford Pirie and his son Bridgeford MacDougall Pirie is unknown but he had commenced practice c.1899/1900, and had designed a couple of substantial houses by the time of the partnership.

The partnership with Pirie ended in 1907 when Sutherland went into partnership with Clement George (born 1879), who had served his apprenticeship with Alexander Marshall Mackenzie and had remained in the same firm thereafter.

Sutherland was admitted FRIBA in 1923, proposed by George Watt and the RIBA Council. He died in 1927. George Sutherland's wife was Maggie Raitt Boyle whom he had married in Aberdeen on 219 October 1884. Clement George continued the practice until May 1931 when he merged it with Marshall Mackenzie's as A Marshall Mackenzie Son & George. The partnership was short-lived as George died on 23 February 1932.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architect:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 751, High Street, Elgin, Morayshire, ScotlandBusiness1894 *  
Item 2 of 7Seafield Street, Elgin, Morayshire, ScotlandPrivate1894 *  
Item 3 of 7115, Union Street, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusinessc. 1896c. 1900When in partnership with Harper
Item 4 of 740, Union Terrace, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusiness1902  
Item 5 of 7Milltimber, Aberdeenshire, ScotlandPrivate1906  
Item 6 of 726, Crown Street, Aberdeen, ScotlandBusinessc. 1906After 1926When in partnership with Pirie and with George
Item 7 of 7157, Duthie Terrace, Aberdeen, ScotlandPrivate1923 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.


Employment and Training

Employers

The following individuals or organisations employed or trained this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 7Pirie & Clyne1878Before 1883Apprentice 
Item 2 of 7Ellis & WilsonAfter 1878c. 1883Apprentice 
Item 3 of 7Bruce & Sutherland1885 *1887Partner 
Item 4 of 7Harper & SutherlandEarly 18961899 or 1900Partner 
Item 5 of 7Sutherland & Jamieson189931 December 1903Partner 
Item 6 of 7Sutherland & Pirie19021907Partner 
Item 7 of 7Sutherland & George19071927Partner 

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architect (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 2Andrew Edward Angus  Apprentice 
Item 2 of 2James Cobban18901895Apprentice 

RIBA

RIBA Proposers

The following individuals proposed this architect for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 4Arthur Cates11 June 1894for Associateship
Item 2 of 4John Honeyman11 June 1894for Associateship
Item 3 of 4Lacy William Ridge11 June 1894for Associateship
Item 4 of 4George Watt11 June 1923for Fellowship

RIBA Proposals

This architect proposed the following individuals for RIBA membership (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate proposedNotes
Item 1 of 5James Cobban20 July 1911for Licentiateship
Item 2 of 5James Stott Dawson5 January 1925for Associateship
Item 3 of 5John Ellis20 July 1911for Licentiateship
Item 4 of 5Clement George20 July 1911for Licentiateship
Item 5 of 5Robert Horn Morrison30 November 1925For Associateship

Buildings and Designs

This architect was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 1331866Catholic InstituteBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 2 of 1331885 Enzie Parish ChurchPortgordon BanffshireScotland 
Item 3 of 1331885Enzie Free ChurchPortgordon BanffshireScotlandVestry added
Item 4 of 1331886Findochty School  BanffshireScotlandExtension
Item 5 of 1331886Temperance HotelBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 6 of 1331887Police StationBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 7 of 1331887Semi-detached cottagesBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 8 of 1331887Victoria School of Science and ArtElgin MorayshireScotlandBegun in partnership - perhaps completed by Sutherland alone.
Item 9 of 1331891Burghead Free ChurchBurghead MorayshireScotlandrestoration of interior. 'Buildings of Scotland' state that this work is by Sutherland & Jamieson but this practice was not formed at this date.
Item 10 of 1331895Commercial premises, Cluny SquareBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 11 of 1331895House and Mission Hall  AberdeenScotland 
Item 12 of 1331895SchoolMaud AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 13 of 1331895Two houses, Beaconsfield Place  AberdeenScotlandIn collaboration with Louis Harper prior to partnership
Item 14 of 1331896Six houses, Wood StreetTorry AberdeenScotland 
Item 15 of 1331896Two houses, Beaconsfield Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 16 of 1331897Four houses, Gladstone Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 17 of 1331897Theatre  AberdeenScotland 
Item 18 of 1331897Two houses, Victoria RoadTorry AberdeenScotland 
Item 19 of 1331898Buildings in Bridge Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 20 of 1331898Six houses, Gladstone Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 21 of 1331898Station HotelRothes MorayshireScotlandAdditions
Item 22 of 1331898Two houses, Fonthill Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 23 of 1331898UF ChurchRothes MorayshireScotland 
Item 24 of 1331899Dufftown Public SchoolDufftown BanffshireScotlandAdditions
Item 25 of 1331899House and Shop, Main Street Buckpool BanffshireScotland 
Item 26 of 1331899House, Causewayend  AberdeenScotland 
Item 27 of 1331899Houses, Murray StreetElgin MorayshireScotland 
Item 28 of 1331899Insch SchoolInsch AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 29 of 1331899SchoolsDufftown BanffshireScotland 
Item 30 of 133Late 1800sPair of houses, Polmuir Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 31 of 1331900Three houses, Polmuir Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 32 of 133c. 1900Artisans' dwellingsElgin MorayshireScotland 
Item 33 of 133c. 1900Pair of villas, Polmuir Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 34 of 1331901Clochan Schools Enzie MorayshireScotlandAdditions
Item 35 of 1331901Drill HallFraserburgh AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 36 of 1331901House, Hardgate  AberdeenScotland 
Item 37 of 1331901Three houses and shops, Mid Stocket Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 38 of 1331901Two semi-detached housesElgin MorayshireScotland 
Item 39 of 1331901Villa, Fortreath AvenueElgin MorayshireScotland 
Item 40 of 1331902Four houses, Bright Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 41 of 1331902House and shops, Elmbank Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 42 of 1331902House, Albyn Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 43 of 1331902House, Erskine Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 44 of 1331902House, Fonthill Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 45 of 1331902House, King Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 46 of 1331902House, Menzies Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 47 of 1331902Houses, Fonthill Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 48 of 1331902Offices for John Fleming & Co  AberdeenScotland 
Item 49 of 1331902Offices, Palmerston Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 50 of 1331902Premises for Edmund Barrie  AberdeenScotland 
Item 51 of 1331902Premises for James Robertson  AberdeenScotland 
Item 52 of 1331902Premises of Gordon Smart Aboyne AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions
Item 53 of 1331902Scottish Life Offices  AberdeenScotlandBuilder 2 November 1901 indicates that Sutherland was more than just the executant architect for Sydney Mitchell & Wilson. Roles of respective architects! still unclear
Item 54 of 1331902Six houses, Duthie Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 55 of 1331902Two houses, Murray Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 56 of 1331902Two houses, Murray Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 57 of 1331902Two houses, Walker Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 58 of 1331902Warehouse, Hadden Street and Carmelite Lane  AberdeenScotland 
Item 59 of 1331903Five houses, Gladstone Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 60 of 1331903Four houses, Froghall Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 61 of 1331903Four houses, Victoria Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 62 of 1331903House, Belmont Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 63 of 1331903House, Broomhill Avenue  AberdeenScotland 
Item 64 of 1331903Houses and shops, Elmbank Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 65 of 1331903Property for Mrs Hamman, John Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 66 of 1331903Six houses, Hammerfield Avenue  AberdeenScotland 
Item 67 of 1331903Six houses, Westburn Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 68 of 1331903Two detached houses, Erskine Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 69 of 1331903Two houses, Berryden Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 70 of 1331903Two houses, Crawford Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 71 of 1331903Two houses, Elmbank Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 72 of 1331903Two houses, Grampian Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 73 of 1331903Two houses, Murray Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 74 of 1331903Two houses, Sycamore Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 75 of 1331903Two houses, Westburn Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 76 of 1331904Four houses, Fonthill Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 77 of 1331904Four houses, Hammerfield Avenue  AberdeenScotland 
Item 78 of 1331904Four houses, Whinhill Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 79 of 1331904House, Clifton Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 80 of 1331904House, Fonthill Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 81 of 1331904House, Westburn Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 82 of 1331904Premises for W Booth  AberdeenScotland 
Item 83 of 1331904Shops and house, Victoria Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 84 of 1331904Two houses, Grampian Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 85 of 1331904Two houses, Grampian Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 86 of 1331904Two houses, Murray Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 87 of 1331904Two houses, Murray Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 88 of 1331904Two houses, Whinhill Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 89 of 1331905House, Grampian Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 90 of 1331905House, Hutcheon Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 91 of 1331905Six houses, Duthie Terrace  AberdeenScotland 
Item 92 of 1331905Stanley Hotel  AberdeenScotland 
Item 93 of 1331905Three houses, Holburn Street and one house, Great Western Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 94 of 1331905Two houses, Devanha Gardens  AberdeenScotland 
Item 95 of 1331905Two houses, Devanha Gardens  AberdeenScotland 
Item 96 of 1331905Two houses, Devanha Gardens  AberdeenScotland 
Item 97 of 1331905Two houses, Holburn Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 98 of 1331905Two houses, Holburn Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 99 of 1331906Five houses, Grampian Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 100 of 1331906Hotel, Guild Street and Market Street corner  AberdeenScotland 
Item 101 of 1331906House and greenhouse, Walker Dam Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 102 of 1331906House, Whinhill Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 103 of 1331906Two houses, Polmuir Road  AberdeenScotland 
Item 104 of 133After 1907Anderson'sBallater AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions
Item 105 of 133After 1907Banchory Post OfficeBanchory Aberdeenshire/KincardineshireScotland 
Item 106 of 133After 1907Bannochie House  AberdeenScotland 
Item 107 of 133After 1907Insch Public SchoolInsch AberdeenshireScotlandAdditions
Item 108 of 133After 1907Macduff Public SchoolMacduff BanffshireScotlandAdditions
Item 109 of 133After 1907Yarrows HouseBallater AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 110 of 1331908Villa, 57 Rubislaw Den South  AberdeenScotland 
Item 111 of 1331909Duff House (proposed hotel scheme)  BanffshireScotland 
Item 112 of 1331909Roller Skating Rink  AberdeenScotland 
Item 113 of 1331909Villa, Queen's Road  AberdeenScotlandRear wing extension
Item 114 of 1331910Bracoden Public SchoolBracoden BanffshireScotlandAdditions
Item 115 of 1331910Infant SchoolGardenstown BanffshireScotland 
Item 116 of 1331910Old Deer Public SchoolOld Deer AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 117 of 1331912Portessie Hall for Rathven ChurchBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 118 of 1331914La Scala Cinema  AberdeenScotland 
Item 119 of 1331914Post officeBuckie BanffshireScotland 
Item 120 of 1331916The Casino  AberdeenScotland 
Item 121 of 1331918Columbus Offices Commercial Quay  AberdeenScotland 
Item 122 of 1331920The Picture HouseFraserburgh AberdeenshireScotland 
Item 123 of 133Before 1923Aberdeen Picture Playhouse  AberdeenScotland 
Item 124 of 133Before 1923Hotel, Princes Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 125 of 133Before 1923Insurance offices, 220 Union Street  AberdeenScotland 
Item 126 of 133Before 1923The Picture HouseBanff BanffshireScotland 
Item 127 of 133Before 1923Torry Picture HouseTorry AberdeenScotland 
Item 128 of 1331925Bungalow for J Corbett, Whitehall Place  AberdeenScotland 
Item 129 of 1331925Bungalow for W Ferrier, Anderson Drive  AberdeenScotland 
Item 130 of 1331925Dunrobin, Rubislaw Den South  AberdeenScotland 
Item 131 of 1331925James Shepherd and Son Warehouse  AberdeenScotland 
Item 132 of 1331926Torry Picture HouseTorry AberdeenScotlandReconstruction
Item 133 of 133Before 1927(?)Housing scheme, Aberdeen  AberdeenScotlandExact date unknown; unclear whether by Clement George alone or in partnership

References

Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architect:
 Author(s)DateTitlePartPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2British Architectural Library, RIBA2001Directory of British Architects 1834-1914   
Item 2 of 2Who's Who in Architecture1926    

Periodical References

The following periodicals contain references to this architect:
 Periodical NameDateEditionPublisherNotes
Item 1 of 2Aberdeen Evening Express30 October 1884   
Item 2 of 2Builder18 February 1927v132 p272 - obituary

Archive References

The following archives hold material relating to this architect:
 SourceArchive NameSource Catalogue No.Notes
Item 1 of 1RIBA Archive, Victoria & Albert MuseumRIBA Nomination Papers A v12 p126 (microfiche 57/A5); F no1919 (microfilm reel 16)