Basic Biographical Details

Name: Carruthers Ballantyne, Cox & Taylor
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: c. 1934
Ended: Before 1936
Bio Notes: Robert (Roy) Carruthers Ballantyne was born on 14 September 1891, the son of William Laidlaw Carruthers, assuming the additional surname of Ballantynewhen he inherited the estate of Holylee in Peeblessshire from William Laidlaw Ballantyne (presuambly an uncle), who was factor at Abbotsford. While at school he had to have a foot amputated as a result of osteomyelitis following a kick in a rugby game. He refused to wear an artificial foot and had a peg leg throughout adult life. He trained at the Architectural Association and with Sir Guy Dawber, and spent part of 1914 acting as Clerk of Works for James Ransome. Later the same year, at the early age of 23, he inherited his father's practice in Inverness in partnership with Samuel Grant Alexander.

Ballantyne was on war service from 1916 to 1919, and was employed as a draughtsman by W C Lucas in 1920, resuming independent practice in 1921. He was joined in partnership by his father's former apprentice and assistant William John Taylor in July that year, and in the early 1930s by ____ Cox.

In the 1930s the practice of Carruthers Ballantyne, Cox and Taylor built some of the best early modern houses in Scotland. No information is yet available on Cox and little is available on Taylor, the key figures in the office being Donald Fowler and William Allen. Ballantyne himself is said to have been ill-at-ease building these modern houses, probably for technical as much as aesthetic reasons, although he did design at least one himself.

The partnership had split by 1936, Taylor continuing in the existing offices at 28 Queens Gate as W J Taylor & Co until at least 1940, and Ballantyne & Cox practising separately elsewhere in Inverness. By 1940 Cox had also left Ballantyne, who had apparently changed the order of his original and adopted surnames to become Robert Ballantyne Carruthers and continued to practise from offices in the British Linen Bank Buildings, High Street.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 228, Queen's Gate, Inverness, Inverness-shire, ScotlandBusinessBefore 1930 *1936 
Item 2 of 241A, High Street, Inverness, Inverness-shire, ScotlandBusinessc. 1940 *  

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 6Alexander Malcolm StewartOctober 1924Before 1936Assistant 
Item 2 of 6David Gordon Wilson1933 or 1934September 1935Apprentice 
Item 3 of 6William John Taylorc. 1934(?)Before 1936Partner 
Item 4 of 6___ Coxc. 1934Before 1936Partner 
Item 5 of 6Robert Carruthers-Ballantyne (or Robert Ballantyne Carruthers; or Roy Carruthers Ballantyne)c. 1934(?)c. 1936Partner 
Item 6 of 6William Allenc. 1936   

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 61934Royal Marine HotelNairn NairnshireScotlandAddition
Item 2 of 61935135 Culduthel RoadInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 3 of 61935BalnabruachInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 4 of 61935LamburnInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 5 of 61936Over and AboveInverness Inverness-shireScotland 
Item 6 of 6c. 1936Cluny HouseInverness Inverness-shireScotland 


Currently, there are no references for this architectural practice. The information has been derived from: the British Architectural Library / RIBA Directory of British Architects 1834-1914; Post Office Directories; and/or any sources listed under this individual's works.