Basic Biographical Details

Name: Andrew & Newlands
Designation: Architectural practice
Started: 1880
Ended: c. 1911(?)
Bio Notes: Gabriel Andrew was born in 1851. He was a pupil of William Railton and commenced business on his own account in Kilmarnock in 1875. In 1880 he took into partnership William Newlands (born 1853), who had also served his apprenticeship with Railton before spending time working in Glasgow practices. The firm was known as Andrew & Newlands.

Newlands left the practice in 1889 due to ill health, spending several years in Cape Town and expecting never to return, but by 1895 he had recovered and had returned to Kilmarnock and to the partnership with Andrew. Around this date Gabriel became the 'retained architect ' of Johnnie Walker & Sons. The firm's work in the late 1890s and early 1900s is quite an imaginative free Baroque.

Newlands suffered another bout of ill health around 1910, retiring from practice for eighteen months, but by the beginning of 1912 he had once more recommenced business, seemingly alone. He was admitted LRIBA on 24 June of that year, his proposers being John Bennie Wilson of Glasgow, and William Cowie and James Kennedy Hunter both of Ayr.

Private and Business Addresses

The following private or business addresses are associated with this architectural practice:
 AddressTypeDate fromDate toNotes
Item 1 of 284, Portland Road, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness1902 *1903(?) 
Item 2 of 237, Bank Street, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, ScotlandBusiness1904 *After 1911This was designed primarily for Johnnie Walker & Sons, but Andrew had premises within this.

* earliest date known from documented sources.

Employment and Training

Employees or Pupils

The following individuals were employed or trained by this architectural practice (click on an item to view details):
 NameDate fromDate toPositionNotes
Item 1 of 5Gabriel Andrew1880Before 1911(?)Partner 
Item 2 of 5William Newlands1880Before 1911(?)Partner 
Item 3 of 5John Brown18961901Apprentice 
Item 4 of 5John Wilson Wood19001905Apprentice 
Item 5 of 5John Brown19011903Junior Draughtsman 

Buildings and Designs

This architectural practice was involved with the following buildings or structures from the date specified (click on an item to view details):
 Date startedBuilding nameTown, district or villageIslandCity or countyCountryNotes
Item 1 of 40After 1880Co-operative Society BakeryAyr AyrshireScotland 
Item 2 of 40After 1880Co-operative Society BakeryTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 3 of 40After 1880Large boarding House, St Meddan's StreetTroon AyrshireScotland 
Item 4 of 40After 1880Shops and warehouses for James Craig & SonsKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 5 of 40After 1880Shops and warehouses for John BoyleKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 6 of 401881Kilmaurs Maxwell and Kilmarnock United Free ChurchKilmaurs AyrshireScotlandRebuilding
Item 7 of 401881Scottish Wholesale Co-operative Society Grain StoreKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 8 of 40c. 1882Old ManseKilmaurs AyrshireScotlandExtension
Item 9 of 401888Villa, Caledonia RoadSaltcoats AyrshireScotland 
Item 10 of 401889Kilmarnock Equitable Co-operative Society HeadquartersKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandExtension. (Buildings of Scotland gives 1886-7)
Item 11 of 401889Oddfellows Hall and premises for Portland Estate officeKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 12 of 401890Kilmarnock Standard Printing officesKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 13 of 40c. 1890Office and commercial building, John Finnie StreetKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 14 of 401894Villa, 83 Dundonald RoadKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 15 of 401895Johnnie Walker's Bond and Hay & Goldberg's WarehouseKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 16 of 401895Villa, 82 Dundonald RoadKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 17 of 401897Hurlford UP ChurchHurlford AyrshireScotland 
Item 18 of 401898Johnnie Walker's Bond and Hay & Goldberg's WarehouseKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandExtension
Item 19 of 401900Westgate Co-operative Society BuildingsNewmilns AyrshireScotland 
Item 20 of 401901Co-operative BuildingsGalston AyrshireScotland 
Item 21 of 401902Dargai CottageTarbolton AyrshireScotland 
Item 22 of 401902(?)Hurlford AcademyHurlford AyrshireScotland 
Item 23 of 401902Offices for Johnnie WalkerKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 24 of 401902Premises for Mackintosh and Reid, merchantsKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 25 of 401902Shop and dwellinghouse for James SmithKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 26 of 401902Tenements in Titchfield StreetKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 27 of 4019039 Riccarton RoadHurlford AyrshireScotland 
Item 28 of 401903Evelyn VillasKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 29 of 401903Pair of villas, 36 and 38 London RoadKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandAdditions to no 36 including green house, offices and entrance porch
Item 30 of 401903Premises for Messrs Smith Bros, stationersKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 31 of 401903The Laigh KirkKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandRenovations
Item 32 of 401904Free churchCrookedholm AyrshireScotlandRed sandstone hall added
Item 33 of 401904Kingsford Primary SchoolKingsford AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 34 of 40c. 190410 Loanhead StreetKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 35 of 40c. 19047 and 8 Howard Park DriveKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 36 of 40c. 1904Pair of villas, Loanhead StreetKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 37 of 401905Kilmarnock Equitable Co-operative Society BuildingKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 
Item 38 of 40c. 1905Kilmarnock Equitable Co-operative Society, flats and shopsKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandAlterations
Item 39 of 401907Johnnie Walker's Bond and Hay & Goldberg's WarehouseKilmarnock AyrshireScotlandExtension
Item 40 of 401907Kilmarnock Technical SchoolKilmarnock AyrshireScotland 


Bibliographic References

The following books contain references to this architectural practice:
Item 1 of 2Close, Robert1992Ayrshire and Arran, an Illustrated Architectural Guide Edinburgh: RIAS 
Item 2 of 2Glendinning, M, MacInnes, R and MacKechnie, A1996A History of Scottish Architecture